Materials Science in Photocatalysis

Materials Science in Photocatalysis

1st Edition - August 15, 2021

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  • Editors: Elisa Garcia Lopez, Leonardo Palmisano
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128218594
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128218600

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Description

Materials Science in Photocatalysis provides a complete overview of the different semiconductor materials, from titania to third-generation photocatalysts, examining the increasing complexity and novelty of the materials science in photocatalytic materials. The book describes the most recommended synthesis procedure for each of them and the suitable characterization techniques for determining the optical, structural, morphological, and physical-chemical properties. The most suitable applications of the photocatalysts are described in detail, as well as their environmental applications for wastewater treatment, gaseous effluents depollution, water splitting, CO2 fixation, selective organic synthesis, coupling reactions, and other selective transformations under both UV light and visible-light irradiation. This book offers a useful reference for a wide audience from students studying chemical engineering and materials chemistry to experienced researchers working on chemical engineering, materials science, materials engineering, environment engineering, nanotechnology, and green chemistry.

Key Features

  • Includes a complete overview of the different semiconductor materials used as photocatalysts
  • Describes methods of preparation and characterization of photocatalysts and their applications
  • Examines new possibilities to prepare effective photocatalysts

Readership

Students studying chemical engineering and materials chemistry and experienced researchers working on chemical engineering, materials science, materials engineering, environment engineering, nanotechnology and green chemistry

Table of Contents

  • Cover image
  • Title page
  • Table of Contents
  • Copyright
  • Contributors
  • Preface
  • Section A: Introduction
  • Chapter 1: Fundamentals of photocatalysis: The role of the photocatalysts in heterogeneous photo-assisted reactions
  • Abstract
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Basic principles of photocatalysis
  • 3: Conclusions
  • Section B: Fundamentals of preparation and characterization of photocatalytic materials
  • Chapter 2: Preparation of photocatalysts by chemical methodologies
  • Abstract
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Synthesis of photocatalysts as powders by chemical methodologies: An overview
  • 3: Conclusions
  • Chapter 3: Preparation of photocatalysts by physical methodologies
  • Abstract
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Bulk photocatalysts
  • 3: Preparation of supported photocatalysts as thin films and coatings
  • 4: Conclusions
  • Chapter 4: Flame-based synthesis of oxide nanoparticles for photocatalytic applications
  • Abstract
  • 1: Flame-based synthesis of oxide nanoparticles
  • 2: Application of flame-based synthesis to photocatalysis
  • 3: Flame-based synthesis of materials with potential photocatalytic applications
  • 4: Conclusions
  • Chapter 5: Methodologies of synthesis of titania and titania-graphene photocatalysts
  • Abstract
  • 1: Introduction to synthesis methodologies
  • 2: Gas phase methodologies for TiO2 production
  • 3: Liquid phase methodologies for TiO2 synthesis
  • 4: Solid-phase production for TiO2 synthesis
  • 5: Removal of solvents: Washing step
  • 6: Heat treatment step
  • Chapter 6: Experimental methods in thermodynamic and kinetic studies on photocatalytic materials
  • Abstract
  • Acknowledgment
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Band gap energy determination
  • 3: Band edges and Fermi level
  • 4: Density of states and intraband gap states
  • 5: Kinetics of photoinduced electron transfer
  • 6: Conclusions
  • Chapter 7: Photoelectrochemical characterization of photocatalysts
  • Abstract
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Fundamentals on photocurrent spectroscopy
  • 3: Photoelectrochemical behavior of semiconductor/electrolyte junction
  • 4: Energetics of semiconductor/electrolyte junction
  • 5: Conclusions
  • Chapter 8: Application of EPR techniques in the study of photocatalytic systems
  • Abstract
  • Acknowledgments
  • 1: Electron paramagnetic resonance: Short introduction
  • 2: EPR studies of nanocrystalline photocatalysts
  • 3: EPR studies of dispersed photocatalytic systems
  • Chapter 9: Approaching photocatalysts characterization under real conditions: In situ and operando studies
  • Abstract
  • 1: Introduction. Promises and challenges of in situ and operando studies in Photocatalysis
  • 2: Operando FTIR for the study of photocatalytic processes
  • 3: Raman and other vibrational spectroscopies
  • 4: X-ray absorption spectroscopy
  • 5: XPS
  • 6: Magnetic resonance techniques: NMR and ESR
  • 7: Concluding remarks
  • Section C: Oxides and calcogenides
  • Chapter 10: Titanium(IV) oxide
  • Abstract
  • 1: Titanium(IV) oxide
  • 2: Photocatalytic activities of anatase and rutile
  • 3: Amorphous titania
  • 4: Brookite titania and TiO2(B) [36]
  • Chapter 11: Development of hight active visible light-responsive TiO2 photocatalysts by applying ion engineering techniques
  • Abstract
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Ion engineering techniques
  • 3: Visible light responsive TiO2 photocatalysts
  • 4: Conclusions
  • Chapter 12: Semiconductor @ sensitizer composites for enhanced photoinduced processes
  • Abstract
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Semiconductors in photocatalysis
  • 3: Porphyrin and phthalocyanine sensitizers
  • 4: Advanced composite (hybrid) photocatalysts
  • Chapter 13: Nanostructured-based WO3 photocatalysts: Recent development, activity enhancement, perspectives and applications for wastewater treatment
  • Abstract
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Recent developments
  • 3: Nanostructures of WO3
  • 4: Heterostructures of WO3
  • 5: Photocatalytic activity enhancement of WO3
  • 6: Conclusive remarks and perspectives
  • Chapter 14: Photoactive systems based on semiconducting metal oxides
  • Abstract
  • Acknowledgments
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Photocatalytic phenomena explained via electron paramagnetic resonance technique
  • 3: Conclusions
  • Chapter 15: Iron oxide-based magnetic photocatalysts: Recent developments, challenges, and environmental applications
  • Abstract
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Iron oxide-metal oxide photocatalysts
  • 3: Iron oxide-carbon containing photocatalysts
  • 4: Iron oxide-polymer photocatalysts
  • 5: Conclusion
  • Chapter 16: Strategic design and evaluation of metal oxides for photocatalytic CO2 reduction
  • Abstract
  • 1: Introduction: Greenhouse gases and climate change
  • 2: Photocatalysis and photocatalytic CO2 reduction
  • 3: Strategic design and evaluation of metal oxides in photocatalytic CO2 reduction
  • 4: Conclusions
  • Chapter 17: Nanostructured sulfide based photocatalysts using visible light for environmental and energy purposes
  • Abstract
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Tri- and tetrahedrally coordinated sulfides
  • 3: Sulfides having sixfold coordinated cations
  • 4: In2S3
  • 5: A system related to In2S3: ZnIn2S4
  • 6: SnS2
  • 7: Conclusions
  • Chapter 18: Synthesis of MoS2 materials for photocatalysis applications and pollution abatement
  • Abstract
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Structures and properties of molybdenum disulfide (MoS2)
  • 3: Preparation of MoS2
  • 4: Modification of MoS2
  • 5: Application of MoS2
  • 6: Summary and perspective
  • Chapter 19: Heterogeneous photocatalysts based on iso- and heteropolytungstates
  • Abstract
  • Acknowledgments
  • 1: Photocatalysis by polyoxotungstates
  • 2: POTs heterogenized on photocatalytically inert supports
  • 3: POTs heterogenized on photocatalytically active supports
  • 4: Conclusions
  • Chapter 20: Heterogeneous photo-assisted catalytic hydration/dehydration reactions based on Keggin and Wells–Dawson type heteropolytungstates
  • Abstract
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: HPAs based on heterogeneous photocatalysts
  • Section D: Composites and heterojunctions. Tertiary materials
  • Chapter 21: Niobate-based perovskites: Characterization, preparation, and photocatalytic properties
  • Abstract
  • 1: Aims and scope
  • 2: Introduction
  • 3: Niobates perovskites
  • 4: Perspectives
  • Chapter 22: Insights on the photocatalytic performances of LaFeO3 synthesized by solution combustion synthesis
  • Abstract
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Synthetic strategy
  • 3: Physical–chemical characterization of LaFeO3
  • 4: Photocatalytic applications and performances of LaFeO3
  • 5: Peculiar behavior related to pretreatment issues
  • Chapter 23: TiO2-copper zinc tin sulfide (CZTS) photocatalytic thin films for up-scalable wastewater treatment
  • Abstract
  • Acknowledgments
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: TiO2-CZTS thin film deposition
  • 3: TiO2-CZTS thin film characterization and testing
  • 4: The photocatalytic removal of pollutants
  • 5: Conclusions
  • Chapter 24: Graphene and graphene-oxide for enhancing the photocatalytic properties of materials
  • Abstract
  • 1: Short general introduction
  • 2: Graphene and GO, preparation, composition, structure, behaviors
  • 3: Applications in photocatalysis
  • 4: GO and rGO in hybrid materials for water depollution and disinfection
  • Chapter 25: Nanostructured composites based on Bi and Ti mixed oxides for visible-light assisted heterogeneous photocatalysis
  • Abstract
  • Acknowledgments
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Influence of Bi2O3 loading on the properties of TiO2 + β-Bi2O3 composites
  • 3: Influence of TiO2 support on the properties of TiO2 + β-Bi2O3 composites
  • 4: Concluding remarks and research perspectives
  • Chapter 26: Composite materials in thermo-photo catalysis
  • Abstract
  • Acknowledgments
  • 1: Thermo-photocatalysis: A brief outlook
  • 2: Environmental applications in thermo-photocatalysis
  • 3: Energy-related applications of thermo-photocatalysis
  • 4: Synthesis of chemicals with thermo-photocatalysis
  • 5: Conclusions
  • Chapter 27: Plasmonic photocatalysis
  • Abstract
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Synthesis of plasmonic photocatalysts
  • 3: Mechanism clarifications on plasmonic photocatalysts
  • 4: Applications
  • 5: New trends for activity and stability enhancements
  • 6: Summary and conclusions
  • Section E: 2D Materials
  • Chapter 28: Graphitic carbon nitride-based metal-free photocatalyst
  • Abstract
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Organic semiconductors: A focus on g-C3N4
  • 3: Synthesis and modification of g-C3N4
  • 4: g-C3N4-based heterojunction photocatalysts
  • 5: g-C3N4 as photocatalyst: Applications
  • 6: g-C3N4 beyond (photo)catalysis: Analytical applications
  • 7: Conclusions
  • Chapter 29: Two-dimensional layered double hydroxide based photocatalysts for environmental clean-up and renewable energy production
  • Abstract
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Characteristics of LDHs as photocatalysts
  • 3: Applications of photocatalytic systems
  • 4: Conclusion and perspective
  • Chapter 30: Crystalline two-dimensional organic porous polymers (covalent organic frameworks) for photocatalysis
  • Abstract
  • Acknowledgments
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: COF based photocatalytic reactions
  • 3: Conclusions
  • Chapter 31: Photocatalytic membranes and membrane reactors for CO2 valorization
  • Abstract
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Membrane reactors
  • 3: Membrane Reactor configurations
  • 4: Photocatalytic membrane solutions
  • 5: Photocatalytic membrane reactors for CO2 reduction
  • 6: Photocatalytic CO2 reduction in continuous membrane reactors: Case studies
  • 7: Photoelectrocatalytic membrane reactor
  • 8: Perspectives and challenges
  • Section F: New frontiers in nanomaterials for photocatalysis
  • Chapter 32: Photocatalysis by metal-organic frameworks
  • Abstract
  • Acknowledgments
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: MOFs as photocatalysts
  • 3: General photocatalytic mechanism
  • 4: Photocatalytic hydrogen generation
  • 5: Photocatalytic CO2 reduction
  • 6: Benzyl alcohol oxidations
  • 7: Pollutant degradation
  • 8: Photoredox reactions
  • 9: Conclusions and future perspective
  • Chapter 33: Ti-based metal–organic frameworks for visible light photocatalysis
  • Abstract
  • Acknowledgments
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Visible light photocatalysis of Ti-MOFs for selective organic transformations
  • 3: Concluding remarks
  • Chapter 34: Homogeneous photocatalysts immobilized on polymeric supports: Environmental and chemical synthesis applications
  • Abstract
  • Acknowledgment
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Homogeneous photocatalysts
  • 3: Immobilization of homogeneous photocatalyst
  • 4: Summary and future prospects
  • Chapter 35: Soluble bioorganic substances from compost as photosensitizers for a sustainable homogeneous and heterogeneous photocatalysis
  • Abstract
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Types of SBOs: From the original biowaste to extraction methods
  • 3: Composition and general features of SBOs
  • 4: Applications of SBOs
  • 5: SBOs in homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysis
  • 6: Characterization of SBO-containing photocatalytic materials
  • 7: Performance of SBO-containing materials in photocatalysis
  • Chapter 36: Biology-inspired photocatalysis: Recent advances in biomimetic photocatalytic nanosystems synthesis and applications
  • Abstract
  • 1: Overview of bioinspired photocatalysis
  • 2: Biomaterial-assisted photocatalysts synthesis
  • 3: Biostructure-inspired photocatalysts
  • 4: Biohybrids in photocatalysis
  • 5: Concluding remarks and outlook
  • Chapter 37: Fungal resistance on photocatalytic ceramic surfaces: The ultimate role of the metal in the Ag@TiO2 photocatalyst under dark and light conditions
  • Abstract
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Experimental
  • 3: Results and discussion
  • 4: Conclusions
  • Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 686
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2021
  • Published: August 15, 2021
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128218594
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128218600

About the Editors

Elisa Garcia Lopez

Elisa I. García López is an associate professor of chemistry at Università di Palermo, Italy. She obtained her bachelor’s degree in chemistry from the Universidad Autónoma de Madrid (UAM) and her PhD in chemistry and materials science from the Università di Palermo. She worked as a postdoctoral fellow at Meisei University, Japan. Her research interests are focused on heterogeneous photocatalysis. She is coauthor of more than 100 papers in collaboration with scientists from all over the world, more than 200 communications for international congresses, and 10 book chapters.

Affiliations and Expertise

Associate Professor, Department of Biological Chemical and Pharmaceutical Sciences and Technologies, Universita di Palermo, Italy

Leonardo Palmisano

Leonardo Palmisano is a professor of chemistry at the Università di Palermo, Italy. His research focuses mainly on heterogeneous photocatalysis. He has visited many laboratories around the world and has coordinated many research projects. Prof. Palmisano has published more than 300 joint papers in international journals, about 400 papers in proceedings of national and international conferences, and many scientific and didactical books.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor of Chemistry, Department of Engineering, Universita di Palermo, Sicily, Italy

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