Materials Science and Engineering of Carbon

Materials Science and Engineering of Carbon

Characterization

1st Edition - June 7, 2016

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  • Editors: Michio Inagaki, Feiyu Kang
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128054680
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780128052563

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Description

Materials Science and Engineering of Carbon: Characterization discusses 12 characterization techniques, focusing on their application to carbon materials, including X-ray diffraction, X-ray small-angle scattering, transmission electron microscopy, Raman spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, image analysis, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, magnetoresistance, electrochemical performance, pore structure analysis, thermal analyses, and quantification of functional groups. Each contributor in the book has worked on carbon materials for many years, and their background and experience will provide guidance on the development and research of carbon materials and their further applications.

Key Features

  • Focuses on characterization techniques for carbon materials
  • Authored by experts who are considered specialists in their respective techniques
  • Presents practical results on various carbon materials, including fault results, which will help readers understand the optimum conditions for the characterization of carbon materials

Readership

For graduate students and young scientists in universities, research institutes and industrial companies who are working on and/or interested in carbon materials. Also for university students and people who are interested in high technology science and engineering of carbon materials

Table of Contents

  • Chapter 1. Introduction

    • 1.1. Carbon Materials
    • 1.2. Characterization of Carbon Materials
    • 1.3. Structure of the Present Book

    Chapter 2. X-ray Powder Diffraction

    • 2.1. Introduction
    • 2.2. X-ray Diffraction Pattern of Carbon Materials
    • 2.3. Parameters Determined by X-ray Diffraction
    • 2.4. Instrumentation
    • 2.5. Specifications for Measurement
    • 2.6. Degree of Graphitization
    • 2.7. Key Issues for Measurement
    • 2.8. Concluding Remarks

    Chapter 3. Small-Angle X-ray Scattering

    • 3.1. Introduction
    • 3.2. Fundamentals
    • 3.3. Key Issues for the Measurements
    • 3.4. Applications for Carbon Materials
    • 3.5. Concluding Remarks

    Chapter 4. Transmission Electron Microscopy

    • 4.1. Introduction
    • 4.2. Modes of Transmission Electron Microscopy
    • 4.3. Key Issues for Observation
    • 4.5. Applications for Carbon Materials
    • 4.6. Conclusions

    Chapter 5. Scanning Electron Microscopy

    • 5.1. Introduction
    • 5.2. Instrumentation and Resolving Power
    • 5.3. Specimen Preparation
    • 5.4. Observation With the Out-Lens Objective Lens System
    • 5.5. Observation With the Snorkel Objective Lens System
    • 5.6. Observation With the In-Lens System
    • 5.7. Electron Channeling Effect
    • 5.8. Concluding Remarks

    Chapter 6. Image Analysis

    • 6.1. Introduction
    • 6.2. Image Analysis Methods
    • 6.3. Structure Analysis Through Transmission Electron Microscopy
    • 6.4. Texture Analysis Through Scanning Electron Micrographs
    • 6.5. Texture Analysis Through Optical Micrographs
    • 6.6. Concluding Remarks

    Chapter 7. Raman Spectroscopy

    • 7.1. Introduction
    • 7.2. Fundamentals
    • 7.3. Key Issues for the Measurements
    • 7.4. As a Measure for Structure Characterization
    • 7.5. Concluding Remarks

    Chapter 8. X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy

    • 8.1. Introduction
    • 8.2. Practical Side of Measurements
    • 8.3. State Analysis
    • 8.4. Semiquantitative Analysis
    • 8.5. Concluding Remarks

    Chapter 9. Magnetoresistance

    • 9.1. Introduction
    • 9.2. General Scheme of Δρ/ρ0 Change With Graphitization
    • 9.3. Measurement of Magnetoresistance
    • 9.4. Magnetoresistance Parameters for Coke
    • 9.5. Magnetoresistance Parameters for Carbon Fibers and Extruded Coke
    • 9.6. Magnetoresistance Parameters for Highly Crystallized Graphite Materials
    • 9.7. Concluding Remarks
    • Supplement: Background of the Characterization of Carbon Materials With Δρ/ρ0

    Chapter 10. Electrochemical Performance

    • 10.1. Introduction
    • 10.2. Fundamentals
    • 10.3. Measurement Procedure
    • 10.4. Concluding Remarks

    Chapter 11. Gas Adsorption/Desorption Isotherm for Pore Structure Characterization

    • 11.1. Introduction
    • 11.2. Fundamentals
    • 11.3. Key Issues for the Measurements and Analyses
    • 11.4. Application to Carbon Materials
    • 11.5. Concluding Remarks

    Chapter 12. Thermal Analysis

    • 12.1. Introduction
    • 12.2. Fundamentals in Thermal Analyses
    • 12.3. Key Issues for the Measurements
    • 12.4. Applications of TG and DTG for Carbon Materials
    • 12.5. Applications of DTA and DSC for Carbon Materials
    • 12.6. Concluding Remarks

    Chapter 13. Titration Method for the Identification of Surface Functional Groups

    • 13.1. Introduction
    • 13.2. Basic Concept of Titration Method
    • 13.3. Instrumentation
    • 13.4. Specification for the Methodology
    • 13.5. Analysis of the Titration Results
    • 13.6. Key Points for the Titration Measurements
    • 13.7. Concluding Remarks

    Chapter 14. Temperature Programmed Desorption

    • 14.1. Introduction
    • 14.2. TPD Experimental Conditions and Apparatus
    • 14.3. Assignment of TPD Peaks to Surface Functional Groups
    • 14.4. Secondary Reactions During a TPD Run
    • 14.5. Effect of Air Exposure on TPD Patterns
    • 14.6. Effect of Inorganic Matter in Carbons
    • 14.7. Concluding Remarks

Product details

  • No. of pages: 338
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Butterworth-Heinemann 2016
  • Published: June 7, 2016
  • Imprint: Butterworth-Heinemann
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128054680
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780128052563

About the Editors

Michio Inagaki

Michio Inagaki, Ph.D. is a famous carbon material scientist, who obtained his PhD degree from Nagoya University in 1963. He has worked on carbon materials for more than 50 years. In 2011, he won the Peter A. Thrower Award for Exceptional Contribution to the International Carbon Community.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor Emeritus, Hokkaido University, Japan

Feiyu Kang

Feiyu Kang received his PhD from The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology in 1997. He is honorary editorial advisory board of international journal CARBON, Joint Chairmen of international symposiums: CARBON2002 (Beijing), Carbon2011 (Shanghai) and 15th International Symposium on Intercalation Compounds (ISIC15), Coordinators of international research projects: Professor M. Inagaki (NSFC-JSPS) and Professor I. Mochida (JST-MOST).

Prof. Kang has investigated graphite and carbon materials since 1988. His research interest includes nano-carbon materials, graphite producing process, porous carbon and nuclear graphite. Prof. Kang had published more than 200 scientific papers and 3 books.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Tsinghua University, China

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