Mass Production of Beneficial Organisms

1st Edition

Invertebrates and Entomopathogens

Editors: Juan Morales-Ramos M. Guadalupe Rojas David Shapiro-Ilan
Hardcover ISBN: 9780123914538
eBook ISBN: 9780123914156
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 6th November 2013
Page Count: 764
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Description

Mass Production of Beneficial Organisms: Invertebrates and Entomopathogens is an essential reference and teaching tool for researchers in developed and developing countries working to produce "natural enemies" in biological control and integrated pest management programs.

As we become aware of the negative impact of pesticides in human health and on the environment, interest is rapidly increasing in developing biological pest control alternatives. Tremendous advances have been made in beneficial organism technology, such as insect predators and parasitoids, mite predators, entomopathogenic nematodes, fungi, bacteria, and viruses. However, developing techniques to mass produce these biological control agents is not enough if the cost of commercialization is prohibitive. Advancing mass production to the level of economic feasibility is critical, so these new technologies can compete in the open market.

This book educates academic and industry researchers, and enables further development of mass production so new technologies can compete in the open market. It is also an excellent resource for those researching beneficial arthropod mass production and technologies for other uses, including for study and application in biotechnology and biomedical research.

Key Features

  • Focuses on techniques for mass production of beneficial organisms and methods of evaluation and quality assessment
  • Organizes and presents the most advanced and current knowledge on methods to mass produce beneficial organisms in response to the increased global demand for alternatives to chemical pesticides for biological control producers
  • Includes a team of highly respected editors and authors with broad expertise in these areas

Readership

Entomologists, biological control researchers, industry working on the production of beneficial organisms, bioscience researchers seeking to establish culture or rearing of organisms for study and academics in the field of biotechnology

Table of Contents

Dedication

Contributors

Section I

Chapter 1. Introduction

Abstract

1.1. Challenges of Mass Producing Beneficial Organisms

1.2. Challenges of Arthropod Mass Production for Biological Control

1.3. Challenges of Mass Producing Pathogens for Biological Control

1.4. Challenges of Mass Rearing Invertebrates for their Products and Ecological Services

References

Further Reading

Chapter 2. Production of Coleopteran Predators

Abstract

Acknowledgments

2.1 Introduction

2.2 Foods and Production of Predators

2.3 Rearing Density and Production

2.4 Temperature and Production

2.5 Quality Control and Production

2.6 Conclusions and Recommendations

References

Further Reading

Chapter 3. Production of Heteropteran Predators

Abstract

Acknowledgments

3.1 Introduction

3.2 Foods

3.3 Plant Materials and Alternatives

3.4 Crowding and Cannibalism

3.5 Microorganisms

3.6 Breeding and Colony Maintenance

3.7 Mass-Rearing Systems

3.8 Conclusions

References

Further Reading

Chapter 4. Production of Dipteran Parasitoids

Abstract

4.1 Introduction

4.2 Dipteran Parasitoids as Biocontrol Agents

4.3 Aspects of Dipteran Parasitoid Biology of Special Interest for Production

4.4 Production Techniques

4.5 Perspectives and Concluding Remarks

References

Chapter 5. Mass Rearing Bemisia Parasitoids for Support of Classical and Augmentative Biological Control Programs

Abstract

5.1 Introduction

5.2 Laboratory Culture

5.3 Outdoor Field Cage Production

5.4 Large-Scale Greenhouse-Based System

5.5 Conclusion

5.6 USDA Disclaimer

References

Further Reading

Chapter 6. Mass Rearing of the Stem-Gal

Details

No. of pages:
764
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 2014
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9780123914156
Hardcover ISBN:
9780123914538

About the Editor

Juan Morales-Ramos

Dr. Morales’ main expertise is in mass production of arthropods, insect nutritional ecology and the development of rearing methods and mechanization of rearing processes for beneficial arthropods. Between 1992 and 1998, he developed mass propagation technology for the boll weevil parasitoid Catolaccus grandis. This research earned him the USDA-ARS scientist of the year award in 2002. During 1998 and 2004 he developed termite and ant baiting systems. This research earned him the USDA-ARS technology transfer award and the Federal Laboratory Consortium regional excellence in technology transfer award in 2004. Since 2004, he has developed novel rearing methods for predatory mites and other beneficial arthropods. This included new technology for separation of mealworm sizes for infection with entomopathogenic nematodes, novel methods for mass producing Tenebrio molitor, mechanized methods to pack T. molitor cadavers infected with nematodes, and mechanized methods for infecting T. molitor larvae with entomopathogenic nematodes. The work on the in-vivo production of entomopathogenic nematodes using T. molitor earn him the National Federal laboratory Consortium award of excellence in technology transfer in 2013. Dr. Morales- Ramos has produced a total of 104 publications and 12 patents; his is currently the project leader of the project titled “Mass Production of Biological Control Agents”. Dr. Morales-Ramos recently edited the book titled “Mass production of Beneficial Organisms” published in January 2014 by Elsevier.

Affiliations and Expertise

USDA-ARS, National Biological Control Laboratory, Stoneville, MS, USA

M. Guadalupe Rojas

Dr. Rojas’ main expertise is in insect nutrition, nutritional ecology and the development of artificial diets for biological control agents and bait matrixes to control termites and ants. Between 1993 to 1998 she developed an artificial diet for the boll weevil parasitoid Catolaccus grandis. Between 1998 and 2004, she developed bait matrices for control of the Formosan subterranean termite and household ants, both of which were successfully commercialized by Ensystex and FMC, and still are sold world-wide. This work earned her the USDA-ARS technology transfer award and the Federal Laboratory Consortium regional excellence in technology transfer award in 2004. Since 2004, she has developed artificial diets for predatory mites and other insect predators and improved susceptibility of Tenebrio molitor to entomopathogenic nematodes. The work on the in-vivo production of entomopathogenic nematodes using T. molitor earned her the National Federal laboratory Consortium award of excellence in technology transfer in 2013. Dr. Rojas has produced a total of 99 publications and holds 12 patents, her current responsibilities include principal scientist on 3 different research agreements with 3 different companies including Syngenta Bioline, Kopert, and Monsanto. ”. Dr. Rojas recently co-edited the book titled “Mass production of Beneficial Organisms” published in January 2014 by Elsevier.

Affiliations and Expertise

USDA-ARS, National Biological Control Laboratory, Stoneville, MS, USA

David Shapiro-Ilan

Affiliations and Expertise

USDA-ARS, SAA, SE Fruit and Tree Nut Research Unit, Byron, GA

Reviews

"…covers the topic of large scale production of a huge range of insects and entomopathogens, plus some useful additional topics covering areas such as diet development, quality assurance and formulation…as a reference point for information on starting up production in any of the areas covered, this book would be a useful source of updated information."--Society for Invertebrate Pathology Newsletter, June 2014