Marine Mycology

Marine Mycology

The Higher Fungi

1st Edition - August 28, 1979

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  • Authors: Jan Kohlmeyer, Erika Kohlmeyer
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483270142

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Description

Marine Mycology: The Higher Fungi deals with the higher marine fungi, i.e., Ascomycotina, Basidiomycotina, and Deuteromycotina. This book combines features of a monograph with those of a text. It includes sections on ecological groups of fungi and other topics, such as phylogeny, ontogeny, physiology, and vertical and geographical distribution, providing information on known facts and open questions. The taxonomic-descriptive part contains complete descriptions of each genus and species, together with substrates, range, etymology of generic and specific names, and literature. There are keys for all species within a given genus, and a general illustrated key leads to the individual species. The taxonomic section is based on examinations of almost all of the filamentous marine fungi, and unpublished data on new hosts and geographical distributions are included for many species. The filamentous higher marine fungi are represented by 149 Ascomycetes, 4 Basidiomycetes, and 56 Deuteromycetes. The majority, namely 191 (91%) of the filamentous fungi, are obligately marine species, whereas the remainder are facultatively marine. One new species and seven new combinations are proposed. The yeasts are treated in a separate chapter and comprise 177 species or varieties.

Table of Contents


  • Preface

    Acknowledgments

    1. Introduction

    I. Definition of Marine Fungi

    II. Numbers of Marine Fungi

    III. Sizes of Marine Fungi

    IV. The Mode of Life and Distribution of Marine Fungi

    V. Unsolved Major Problems

    2. Methods

    I. Collecting Techniques

    II. Preservation

    III. Sectioning

    IV. Microscopic Examination

    V. Isolation and Culture

    3. Release, Dispersal, and Settlement of Ascospores, Basidiospores, and Conidia

    I. Spore Release

    II. Spore Morphology, Dispersal, and Settlement

    4. Geographical Distribution

    5. Vertical Zonation

    6. Deep-Sea Fungi

    7. Fungi Isolated from Marine and Estuarine Waters, Sediments, and Soils

    8. Fungi in Sandy Beaches and Sea Foam

    9. Algae-Inhabiting Fungi

    I. Parasites

    II. Saprobes

    III. Geographical Distribution

    10. Submarine Lichens and Lichenlike Associations

    I. Primitive Marine Lichens

    II. Mycophycobioses

    11. Fungi in Halophytes of Tidal Salt Marshes

    I. Host Specificity

    II. Taxonomy

    III. Activities of Fungi in Salt Marshes

    IV. Geographical Distribution

    12. Fungi on Mangroves and Other Tropical Shoreline Trees

    I. Parasitic Fungi in Mangroves

    II. Host Specificity

    III. Fungi on Submerged Roots, Trunks, and Branches

    IV. Fungi on Mangrove Seedlings

    V. Fungi on Mangrove Leaves

    VI. Fungi in Soil of the Mangal

    VII. Vertical and Horizontal Zonation of Manglicolous Fungi

    VIII. Geographical Distribution of Manglicolous Fungi

    13. Leaf-Inhabiting Fungi

    14. Rhizome-Inhabiting Fungi

    15. Fungi on Wood and Other Cellulosic Substrates

    I. Sources of Wood and Other Cellulosic Substrates in the Marine Environment

    II. Degradation of Wood

    16. Bark-Inhabiting Fungi

    17. Fungi on Man-Made Materials

    18. Fungi in Animal Substrates

    19. Fungal-Animal Relationships

    I. Marine Wood Borers

    II. Salt-Marsh Amphipods

    III. Nematodes

    IV. Mites

    V. Mollusca

    VI. Fungi Used as Feeds in Mariculture

    20. Ontogeny

    I. Ascocarp Ontogeny

    II. Ascospore Ontogeny

    III. Basidiocarp Ontogeny

    IV. Basidiospore Ontogeny

    V. Conidial Ontogeny

    21. Physiological Processes and Metabolites

    I. Production of Enzymes

    II. Metabolites

    III. Effect of Nutrients and Environmental Parameters on Growth and Reproduction

    IV. Unsolved Physiological Problems

    22. The Possible Origin of Higher Marine Fungi

    I. Phylogenetic Principles

    II. Characters of Archaic Ascomycetes

    III. Homologies between Rhodophyta and Ascomycetes

    IV. Position of Extant Higher Marine Fungi in the Phylogenetic Scheme

    V. Convergences in the Marine Fungi

    VI. Conclusions

    23. Identification

    24. Key to the Filamentous Higher Marine Fungi

    I. Key to Subdivisions of Eumycota

    II. Key to Ascomycotina

    III. Key to Basidiomycotina

    IV. Key to Deuteromycotina

    25. Classification

    26. Taxonomy and Descriptions of Filamentous Fungi

    I. Ascomycotina

    II. Basidiomycotina

    III. Deuteromycotina

    27. Rejected Names, Doubtful and Excluded Species

    I. Ascomycotina

    II. Deuteromycotina

    28. Yeasts

    I. Introduction

    II. Obligate Marine Yeasts

    III. Facultative Marine Yeasts

    IV. Appendix

    Glossary

    Bibliography

    Organism Index

    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 704
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1979
  • Published: August 28, 1979
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483270142

About the Authors

Jan Kohlmeyer

Erika Kohlmeyer

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