Managing Ocean Environments in a Changing Climate

Managing Ocean Environments in a Changing Climate

Sustainability and Economic Perspectives

1st Edition - June 29, 2013

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  • Authors: Kevin Noone, Ussif Rashid Sumaila, Robert Diaz
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780124076686
  • eBook ISBN: 9780124076617

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Description

Managing Ocean Environments in a Changing Climate summarizes the current state of several threats to the global oceans. What distinguishes this book most from previous works is that this book begins with a holistic, global-scale focus for the first several chapters and then provides an example of how this approach can be applied on a regional scale, for the Pacific region. Previous works usually have compiled local studies, which are essentially impossible to properly integrate to the global scale. The editors have engaged leading scientists in a number of areas, such as fisheries and marine ecosystems, ocean chemistry, marine biogeochemical cycling, oceans and climate change, and economics, to examine the threats to the oceans both individually and collectively, provide gross estimates of the economic and societal impacts of these threats, and deliver high-level recommendations.

Key Features

  • Nominated for a Katerva Award in 2012 in the Economy category
  • State of the science reviews by known marine experts provide a concise, readable presentation written at a level for managers and students
  • Links environmental and economic aspects of ocean threats and provides an economic analysis of action versus inaction
  • Provides recommendations for stakeholders to help stimulate the development of policies that would help move toward sustainable use of marine resources and services

Readership

Ocean and coastal scientists with focus on early stage researchers and students as well as coastal managers and policy makers

Table of Contents

  • Contributors

    Preface

    Chapter 1. Valuing the Ocean: An Introduction

    Purpose and Scope of the Book

    Differential Analysis for Future Scenarios

    Expert Survey Approach

    The Matrix: Values, Threats, and Knowledge

    Knowledge for Decision Support

    References

    Chapter 2. Ocean Acidification

    Acknowledgments

    Cause and Chemistry

    Time and Space Scales

    Future Ocean Acidification Scenarios

    Potential Future Effects on Physiological Processes and Behavior

    Impacts on Communities, Food Webs, and Ecosystems

    Conclusions

    References

    Chapter 3. Ocean Warming

    Introduction

    Physical Consequences of Ocean Warming

    Biological Consequences of Ocean Warming

    Summary and Take-Home Messages

    References

    Chapter 4. Hypoxia

    Acknowledgments

    Key Messages

    Introduction

    The Heart of the Problem

    Global Patterns in Hypoxia

    OMZs and Open Ocean Decline in Oxygen

    Environmental Consequences of Hypoxia

    Economic Consequences of Hypoxia

    Global Change and Hypoxia

    Restoration and the Future of Hypoxia

    References

    Chapter 5. Sea-Level Rise

    Acknowledgments

    Introduction

    Causes of Sea-Level Rise

    Observations of Sea-Level Rise

    Sea Level Rise in the Future

    Impacts of Sea-Level Rise

    References

    Chapter 6. Marine Pollution

    Introduction

    Chemical Pollution—POPs and Metals/Toxic Chemicals

    Oil Pollution

    Solid Substances

    Radioactive Waste

    Noise

    Present and Forecasted Impacts of Pollution on Global Marine Ecosystems

    References

    Chapter 7. The Potential Economic Costs of the Overuse of Marine Fish Stocks

    Fish and Fisheries Are Important to People

    Evidence of Overuse of Fish Stocks

    Climate Change Will Exacerbate the Problem of Overuse of Fish Stocks

    Global Economic Loss due to Overfishing

    Estimated Economic Losses

    Conclusion

    References

    Chapter 8. Impacts of Multiple Stressors

    Introduction

    Global-Scale Stressors

    Local- and Regional-Scale Stressors

    Feedbacks and Synergistic Effects

    Concluding Remarks

    References

    Chapter 9. Tipping Points, Uncertainty, and Precaution: Preparing for Surprise

    Introduction

    Why Buy Insurance?

    Making Decisions in the Dark

    Peering into the Future

    Shell Game

    Pentagon Planning

    Safe Standards and Planetary Boundaries

    References

    Chapter 10. Valuing the Ocean Environment

    Introduction

    What Is Not Included

    Classic Studies of the Value of Ocean Environments

    Fisheries and Climate Change

    Tourism and Climate Change

    Costs of SLR

    Stormy Weather

    Shrinking the Ocean Carbon Sink

    Valuing the Damages

    Scenario Definitions

    Fisheries

    Sea-Level Rise

    Storms

    Tourism

    Ocean Carbon Sink

    References

    Chapter 11. Managing Multiple Human Stressors in the Ocean: A Case Study in the Pacific Ocean

    Acknowledgments

    Introduction

    Pattern of Biodiversity and Marine Living Resources

    Key Human Pressures in the Pacific Ocean

    Challenges to Sustainable Management of Fisheries Resources in the Pacific Ocean

    Climate Change

    Sustainable Management of the Pacific Ocean

    References

    Chapter 12. Paths to Sustainable Ocean Resources

    Introduction

    Implications of Major Threats and Policy Recommendations

    Multiple Stressors: Putting the Pieces Together

    Implications of Valuing Ocean Damages and Planning for Surprise

    Pacific Region Case Study—Implications for Regional Ocean Governance

    The Next Era of Global Ocean Governance: Paths to Sustainability

    Concluding Recommendations

    References

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 376
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2013
  • Published: June 29, 2013
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780124076686
  • eBook ISBN: 9780124076617

About the Authors

Kevin Noone

Kevin Noone
Kevin Noone is Professor of Meteorology at the Department of Applied Environmental Science at Stockholm University, is affiliated with the Stockholm Resilience Centre, and is Director of the Swedish Secretariat for Environmental Earth System Sciences (SSEESS) at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. He has a background in Chemical Engineering, and Civil and Environmental Engineering, Oceanography, Meteorology, and Atmospheric Physics. He has been on the faculty at both Stockholm University in Sweden and the University of Rhode Island in the U.S. From 2004-2008 he was the Executive Director of the International Geosphere-Biosphere Program (IGBP).

Early research work in Chemical Engineering focused on transparent semiconductors for use as solar cells. His primary research interests at present are in the area of atmospheric chemistry & physics, the effects of aerosols and clouds on air quality and the Earth's climate, and Applied Earth System Science. He is an advocate of an interdisciplinary approach to obtaining a solid scientific basis for decisions on environmental and climate issues. He is author/coauthor of more than 120 scientific articles and 10 book chapters.

Kevin has headed up of a number of large international field experiments, and is (or has been) a member of a number of international committees and boards. Currently he chairs the European Academies Science Advisory Council’s Environment Steering Panel, and is vice-chair of the International Group of Funding Agencies (IGFA), and is a member of the Transdisciplinary Advisory Board for the European Joint Programming Initiative on Climate. Kevin is active in conveying science to stakeholders and the general public. He regularly gives presentations and short courses on climate and Earth System Science for non-science audiences.

Affiliations and Expertise

Stockholm University, Sweden

Ussif Rashid Sumaila

Ussif Rashid Sumaila
Dr. Rashid Sumaila is a professor of interdisciplinary ocean and fisheries economics and the Canada Research Chair at the Institute for the Oceans and Fisheries and the School of Public Policy and Global Affairs, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada. He specializes in bioeconomics, marine ecosystem valuation, and the analysis of global issues such as fisheries subsidies, illegal fishing, climate change, and oil spills. Dr. Sumaila is also on the editorial boards of several journals, including Science Advances, Scientific Reports, and Environmental & Resource Economics. He is the winner of several awards, including the 2018 UBC President's Award for Public Education Through Media, the 2017 Volvo Environment Prize, the 2017 Benchley Oceans Award in Science, and the 2016 UBC Killam Research Prize. He was named a Hokkaido University Ambassador in 2016 and elected as a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada in 2019. He has given talks at the UN Rio+20, the WTO, the White House, the Canadian Parliament, the African Union, the St James Palace, the European Parliament, and the British House of Lords.

Affiliations and Expertise

Institute for the Oceans and Fisheries and School of Public Policy and Global Affairs, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada

Robert Diaz

Robert Diaz

Affiliations and Expertise

Virginia Institute of Marine Science, College of William and Mary, Gloucester Point, USA

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