Managed Code Rootkits - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9781597495745, 9781597495752

Managed Code Rootkits

1st Edition

Hooking into Runtime Environments

Authors: Erez Metula
eBook ISBN: 9781597495752
Paperback ISBN: 9781597495745
Imprint: Syngress
Published Date: 28th October 2010
Page Count: 336
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Description

Managed Code Rootkits is the first book to cover application-level rootkits and other types of malware inside the application VM, which runs a platform-independent programming environment for processes. The book, divided into four parts, points out high-level attacks, which are developed in intermediate language.

The initial part of the book offers an overview of managed code rootkits. It explores environment models of managed code and the relationship of managed code to rootkits by studying how they use application VMs. It also discusses attackers of managed code rootkits and various attack scenarios. The second part of the book covers the development of managed code rootkits, starting with the tools used in producing managed code rootkits through their deployment.

The next part focuses on countermeasures that can possibly be used against managed code rootkits, including technical solutions, prevention, detection, and response tactics. The book concludes by presenting techniques that are somehow similar to managed code rootkits, which can be used in solving problems.

Key Features

  • Named a 2011 Best Hacking and Pen Testing Book by InfoSec Reviews
  • Introduces the reader briefly to managed code environments and rootkits in general
  • Completely details a new type of rootkit hiding in the application level and demonstrates how a hacker can change language runtime implementation
  • Focuses on managed code including Java, .NET, Android Dalvik and reviews malware development scanarios

Readership

Intermediate to advanced pen testers; hackers; malware researchers; software engineers; OS designers and developers

Table of Contents


Acknowledgements

About the Author

Part I Overview

Chapter 1 Introduction

The Problem of Rootkits and Other Types of Malware

Why Do You Need This Book?

Terminology Used in This Book

Technology Background: An Overview

Summary

Chapter 2 Managed Code Rootkits

What Can Attackers Do with Managed Code Rootkits?

Common Attack Vectors

Why Are Managed Code Rootkits Attractive to Attackers?

Summary

Endnotes

Part II Malware Development

Chapter 3 Tools of the Trade

The Compiler

The Decompiler

The Assembler

The Disassembler

The Role of Debuggers

The Native Compiler

File Monitors

Summary

Chapter 4 Runtime Modification

Is It Possible to Change the Definition of a Programming Language?

Walkthrough: Attacking the Runtime Class Libraries

Summary

Chapter 5 Manipulating the Runtime

Manipulating the Runtime According to Our Needs

Reshaping the Code

Code Generation

Summary

Chapter 6 Extending the Language with a Malware API

Why Should We Extend the Language?

Extending the Runtime with a Malware API

Summary

Endnote

Chapter 7 Automated Framework Modification

What is ReFrameworker?

ReFrameworker Modules Concept

Using the Tool

Developing New Modules





Setting Up the Tool

Summary

Chapter 8 Advanced Topics

“Object-Oriented-Aware” Malware

Thread Injection

State Manipulation

Covering the Traces as Native Code

Summary

Part III Countermeasures

Chapter 9 Defending against MCRs

What Can We Do about This Kind of Threat?

Awareness: Malware Is Everybody’s Problem

The Prevention Approach

The Detection Approach

The Response Approach

Summary

Endnote

Part IV Where Do We Go From Here?

Chapter 10 Other Uses of Runtime Modification

Runtime Modification As an Alternative Problem-Solving Approach

Runtime Hardening

Summary

Index






Details

No. of pages:
336
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Syngress 2011
Published:
Imprint:
Syngress
eBook ISBN:
9781597495752
Paperback ISBN:
9781597495745

About the Author

Erez Metula

Erez Metula (CISSP) is an application security researcher specializing in secure development practices, penetration testing, code reviews, and security training for developers. He has extensive hands-on experience performing security assessments and training for organizations worldwide. Erez is the founder of AppSec. He is also a leading instructor at many information security training sessions. He is a constant speaker at security conferences, and has spoken at Black Hat, DEF CON, CanSecWest, OWASP, and more.

Affiliations and Expertise

CISSP, Founder of AppSec

Awards

Best Hacking and Pen Testing Books 2011, InfoSec Reviews

Reviews

"A well-put-together work: I was able to put some of the tasks to work for me right away. An excellent resource: Technical enough to be useful, but not overly technical." -- Chris Griffin, Trainer, ISECOM USA

"As someone who has to deal with .NET security every day, I always look for new ideas and tools to make .NET applications more secure. This book provides both. It's especially valuable when you have to protect apps without having access to their original source code." -- Kyle C. Quest, GREM, GWAPT, GCIH, GCFA, GCIA, GCWN, GCUX, GCFW, GSNA, CISSP, CIPP, Director of Security Engineering, MetraTech

"Overall the book is very well structured and presented in a way that maintains the reader’s interest as the author delves ever deeper into why hackers use MCRs to target an organisation’s applications. Continuity of the content is maintained by helpful summaries at the end of each chapter… Mr Metula is a consummate and talented security practitioner who knows his subject thoroughly. I consider this book to be excellent value for money and would recommend it to any security professional. In today’s austere economic climate, modern IT solutions are being sought that are proven value for money. The use of virtual servers is rapidly increasing as they provide better utilisation and increased productivity of existing resources. This book highlights the risks of adopting such technology and provides valuable advice on countermeasures to mitigate those risks."--InfoSecReviews.com

"In today’s austere economic climate, modern IT solutions are being sought
that are proven value for money. The use of virtual servers is rapidly increasing
as they provide better utilisation and increased productivity of existing resources. This book highlights the risks of adopting such technology and provides valuable advice on countermeasures to mitigate those risks."--Best Hacking and Pen Testing Books in InfoSecReviews Book Awards