Luminescent Metal Nanoclusters

Luminescent Metal Nanoclusters

Synthesis, Characterization, and Applications

1st Edition - June 28, 2022

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  • Editors: Sabu Thomas, Kuruvilla Joseph, Saritha Appukuttan, Meegle Mathew
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780323886574
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323886413

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Description

Luminescent Metal Nanoclusters: Synthesis, Characterization, and Applications provides a comprehensive accounting of various protocols used for the synthesis of metal nanoclusters, their characterization techniques, toxicity evaluation and various applications and future prospects. The book provides detailed experimental routes, along with mechanisms on the formation of benign metallic clusters using biomaterials and a comprehensive review regarding the preparation, properties and prospective applications of these nano clusters in various fields, including therapeutic applications. Various methods to protect nanocluster materials to increase their stability are emphasized, including the incorporation of ligands (protein, small molecule, DNA, thiols). This book addresses a gap in the current literature by bringing together the preparation, characterization and applications of all the possible types of reported metal nanoclusters and their hybrids. It is suitable for materials scientists and engineers in academia and those working in research and development in industry. It may also be of interest to those working in the interdisciplinary nanotechnology community, such as physical chemists.

Key Features

  • Covers the most relevant material categories of luminescent nanoclusters such as metal nanoclusters, nano composites and alloy nanoclusters
  • Provides a comprehensive overview of the various available methods used for the protection of nanoclusters
  • Discusses the latest advances and future opportunities in addressing challenges in producing benign nanomaterials such as toxicity and stability

Readership

Materials Scientists and Engineers, Physical Chemists

Table of Contents

  • Cover image
  • Title page
  • Table of Contents
  • Copyright
  • List of contributors
  • About the editors
  • 1. General introduction—luminescent metal nanoclusters
  • Abstract
  • 1.1 Introduction
  • 1.2 Overview of the chapters
  • 1.3 Conclusion
  • References
  • 2. Methods of synthesis of metal nanoclusters
  • Abstract
  • 2.1 Introduction
  • 2.2 Synthesis methods of metal nanoclusters
  • 2.3 Summary and future prospective
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • 3. Analytical tools for the characterization and quantification of metal nanoclusters
  • Abstract
  • 3.1 Introduction
  • 3.2 Morphology, size, and polydispersity characteristics
  • 3.3 Structural information and chemical composition
  • 3.4 Conclusion and future perspective
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • 4. Mass spectrometry and metal nanoclusters
  • Abstract
  • 4.1 Introduction
  • 4.2 Brief history and important terminologies
  • 4.3 Clusters and MS: a long-term association
  • 4.4 MS as a tool in ligand protected metal nanoclusters
  • 4.5 Conclusions and future perspectives
  • References
  • 5. Origin of luminescence of metal nanoclusters
  • Abstract
  • 5.1 Introduction
  • 5.2 Effect of size
  • 5.3 Effect of ligand
  • 5.4 Effect of charge state
  • 5.5 Role of solvent
  • 5.6 Effect of doping
  • 5.7 Conclusion and future perspectives
  • References
  • 6. General purification methods of metal nanoclusters
  • Abstract
  • 6.1 Introduction
  • 6.2 Separation of the colloidal suspension in two fractions
  • 6.3 Separation of the colloidal suspension in several fractions
  • 6.4 Conclusions and future perspectives
  • References
  • 7. Phosphine and thiol protected metal nanoclusters
  • Abstract
  • 7.1 Introduction
  • 7.2 Synthesis and general characteristics
  • 7.3 Factors affecting emission
  • 7.4 Recent developments in luminescent nanoclusters
  • 7.5 Conclusion and future perspective
  • Acknowledgment
  • References
  • 8. Polymer- and dendrimer-protected metal nanoclusters
  • Abstract
  • 8.1 Introduction
  • 8.2 Synthetic polymers
  • 8.3 Dendrimer
  • 8.4 Biopolymers: proteins and peptides
  • 8.5 Biopolymers: DNAs
  • 8.6 Applications
  • 8.7 Conclusion and future perspective
  • Acknowledgment
  • References
  • 9. DNA-protected metal nanoclusters
  • Abstract
  • 9.1 Introduction
  • 9.2 Metal–DNA interactions
  • 9.3 Synthesis of DNA-templated metal nanoclusters
  • 9.4 DNA sequence and structure-dependent formations of metal nanoclusters
  • 9.5 Applications of DNA-metal nanoclusters
  • 9.6 Conclusion and future perspectives
  • References
  • 10. Peptide-protected metal nanoclusters
  • Abstract
  • 10.1 Introduction
  • 10.2 Designed peptide-protected fluorescent nanocluster: approach and applications
  • 10.3 Tripeptide-protected fluorescent nanocluster: approach and applications
  • 10.4 Summary and outlook
  • References
  • 11. Protein and enzyme protected metal nanoclusters
  • Abstract
  • 11.1 Introduction
  • 11.2 Synthetic methods
  • 11.3 Role of amino acids
  • 11.4 Proteins derived from animal for stabilization of nanocluster
  • 11.5 Protein derived from plant stabilized nanoclusters
  • 11.6 Enzyme stabilized nanocluster
  • 11.7 Characterization methods
  • 11.8 Nanozymes
  • 11.9 Application of metal nanoclusters
  • 11.10 Conclusion and future perspectives
  • References
  • 12. Alloy nanoclusters-synthesis methods and structural evaluation
  • Abstract
  • 12.1 Introduction
  • 12.2 Preparation and structures of alloy nanoclusters
  • 12.3 Properties of alloy nanoclusters
  • 12.4 Conclusion and perspective
  • Acknowledgments
  • Competing interest
  • References
  • 13. Self-assembly of metal nanoclusters in colloid science
  • Abstract
  • 13.1 Introduction
  • 13.2 Self-assembly of metal nanoclusters
  • 13.3 Conclusion and future perspective
  • References
  • 14. Applications of metallic nanoclusters in bioimaging
  • Abstract
  • 14.1 Introduction
  • 14.2 Synthesis and biofunctionalization of metal nanoclusters
  • 14.3 Gold nanoclusters (AuNCs)
  • 14.4 Silver nanoclusters (AgNCs)
  • 14.5 Copper nanoclusters (CuNCs)
  • 14.6 Conclusion and future perspectives
  • References
  • 15. Biomarker sensing using luminescent metal nanoclusters
  • Abstract
  • 15.1 Introduction
  • 15.2 Detection of cancer biomarkers
  • 15.3 Detection of cardiovascular biomarkers
  • 15.4 Detection of other disease-related biomarkers
  • 15.5 Conclusion and prospects
  • References
  • 16. Environmental applications of luminescent metal nanoclusters
  • Abstract
  • 16.1 Introduction
  • 16.2 pH sensing
  • 16.3 Heavy metal ion detection
  • 16.4 Inorganic anion detection
  • 16.5 Nitroaromatic explosives detection
  • 16.6 Other pollutants
  • 16.7 Conclusion and future challenges
  • References
  • 17. Therapeutic applications of metal nanoclusters
  • Abstract
  • 17.1 Introduction
  • 17.2 Potentials of metal nanoclusters in therapeutics
  • 17.3 Monitoring ROS using fluorescent AuNCs
  • 17.4 Protection of protein by nanoclusters from UVC radiation
  • 17.5 Toxicity of metal nanoclusters
  • 17.6 Conclusion and future prospects of metal nanoclusters in therapies
  • References
  • 18. Stimuli-responsive metal nanoclusters for targeted drug and gene delivery and their biomedical applications
  • Abstract
  • 18.1 Introduction
  • 18.2 Stimuli-responsive nanocarriers for targeted drug delivery
  • 18.3 Stimuli-responsive nanocarriers for various biomedical applications
  • 18.4 Conclusions and future perspectives
  • References
  • 19. Antimicrobial properties of metal nanoclusters
  • Abstract
  • 19.1 Introduction
  • 19.2 Antibacterial activity of metal nanoclusters
  • 19.3 Design of antimicrobial metal nanoclusters
  • 19.4 Metal nanocluster-based antibacterial hybrid
  • 19.5 Antibacterial mechanisms
  • 19.6 Conclusion and future perspective
  • References
  • 20. Metal nanoclusters as photosensitizers
  • Abstract
  • 20.1 Introduction
  • 20.2 Photosensitizer for therapy
  • 20.3 Photosensitization in solar cells
  • 20.4 Conclusion and future perspective
  • References
  • 21. Metal nanoclusters for catalytic applications: synthesis and characterization
  • Abstract
  • 21.1 Introduction
  • 21.2 Catalytic applications of metal nanoclusters
  • 21.3 Conclusion and future perspectives
  • References
  • 22. Metal nanoclusters for energy storage applications
  • Abstract
  • 22.1 Introduction
  • 22.2 Solar cells
  • 22.3 Metal nanoclusters for battery and supercapacitors application
  • 22.4 Conclusion and perspectives
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • 23. Bioavailability, biodistribution, and toxicity of fluorescent metal nanoclusters
  • Abstract
  • 23.1 Introduction
  • 23.2 Metallic nanoclusters’ bioavailability
  • 23.3 Metallic nanoclusters’ biodistribution
  • 23.4 Metallic nanoclusters’ toxicity
  • 23.5 Conclusion and future perspective
  • References
  • 24. Luminescent Metal Nanoclusters: Summary and future outlook
  • Abstract
  • Summary and future outlook
  • Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 726
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Woodhead Publishing 2022
  • Published: June 28, 2022
  • Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780323886574
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323886413

About the Editors

Sabu Thomas

Prof. Sabu Thomas, an outstanding Alumnus of IIT, Kharagpur, is one of India’s most renowned scientists in the area of Polymers. After completing his Ph.D. from IIT Kharagpur (1984-1987), he joined MG University as a Lecturer in 1997 and later became its Vice Chancellor. He has taken up a large number of visiting assignments abroad. Under his leadership, the University has been ranked 713th by TIMES, 30th in NIRF and the best University inKerala. He has supervised 120 Ph.D. students, authored 1,300 publications and edited 150 books earning him a H-index of 112 and 60,000 citations. He has received Honoris Causa degrees from Russia and France and obtained grants amounting to Rs. 30 crores for research funding from India and abroad. He has been ranked 114th in the list of the world’s best scientists and 2nd in India by the Stanford University Ranking in Polymers. He was elected as a Fellow of the European Academy of Sciences. Considering his excellent contributions in teaching, research and administration, Prof. Thomas is the best candidate for the outstanding Alumnus award of IIT KGP.

Affiliations and Expertise

Vice Chancellor, Mahatma Gandhi University, and Director of the School of Energy Materials, Mahatma Gandhi University, Kottayam, Kerala, India

Kuruvilla Joseph

Prof. Kuruvilla Joseph did his PhD at CSIR-NIIST (Formerly RRL), Trivandrum in 1993 and did Post Doctoral work in Brazil and Sweden. He is the editor of a book titled “Advances in Polymer Composites” (three volumes) published by John Wiley and Sons and “Elastomeric Materials for Potential EMI Shielding Applications, Processing, Properties and Current Trends” (Elsevier) and is currently editing a book titled “Fibre reinforced composites: Constituents, compatibility, perspectives and applications” (Elsevier). He has authored several book chapters published by international publishers. He has so far produced 18 PhDs. Prof Kuruvilla has around 180 international publications in reputed journals (Elsevier, RSC, ACS, Wiley etc.).

Affiliations and Expertise

Senior Professor and Dean, Department of Chemistry, Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology (IIST), Trivandrum, Kerala, India

Saritha Appukuttan

Dr. Saritha Appukuttan earned her PhD from Mahatma Gandhi University in 2012 in the area of polymer nanocomposites under the supervision of Prof. Kuruvilla Joseph. She has 11 book chapters published by international publishers (Springer, Wiley, Elsevier) and several publications in international journals (Composites Part A , Composites Part B, Materials Chemistry and Physics etc) and is currently editing a book “Fibre reinforced composites: Constituents, compatibility, perspectives and applications” (Elsevier).

Affiliations and Expertise

Assistant Professor, Department of Chemistry, School of Arts and Sciences, Amrita Vishwavidyapeetham, Amritapuri, Kollam, India

Meegle Mathew

Dr. Meegle S Mathew received her PhD from the Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology, Thiruvanathapuram under the guidance of Professor Kuruvilla Joseph in 2019. Her PhD thesis mainly discusses the synthesis of protein stabilised metal nanoclusters and their biomedical applications. Following her graduate studies, she began working as a postdoctoral associate in the area of photocatalytic activity of metal nanoclusters at the School of Energy Materials, Mahatma Gandhi University, Kottayam, Kerala, India. She has several publications in high-impact journals, two book chapters and filed a patent for the development of biosensors.

Affiliations and Expertise

Post-Doctoral Fellow (UGC), School of Energy Materials, Mahatma Gandhi University, Kottayam Kerala, India

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