Description

Since the first date of publication of this book in 1991, the subject of phosphors and luminescence has assumed even more importance in the overall scheme of technological development. Many new types of displays have appeared which depend upon phosphors in their operation. Some of these were pure conjecture in 1991 but are a reality in 2004. Descriptions have been included of the newer (as well as the older) types of displays in this edition along with an annotated portrait of the phosphors used in each category. Many of these new light sources promise to displace and make obsolete our current light sources, such as incandescent lamps, fluorescent lamps and the ubiquitous colour Cathode Ray Tube now used in TV and computer monitors. The importance of solid state science are summarized in the introductory chapters of this edition, and many of the chapters have been completely rewritten or revised. Each chapter has a special contribution to make in the overall understanding of the solid state science of phosphors and luminescence.

Key Features

- Introduces the reader to the science and art of preparing inorganic luminescent materials. - Describes how and why luminescent materials exhibit such specific intrinsic properties. - Describes the science of the solid state and presents the exact formulas and conditions required to make all of the phosphors known at that time.

Readership

Inorganic chemists, Materials scientists, Solid State Chemists/Physicists.

Table of Contents

CHAPTER 1. INTRODUCTION TO THE SOLID STATE
Changes of State.
Energetics of Changes of State.
Propagation Models and the Close-Packed Solid.
The Structure of Solids.
Determination of Structure of compounds.
The Defect Solid.

CHAPTER 2. THE POINT DEFECT
Types of Point Defects.
The Plane Net.
Defect Equation Symbolism.
Some Applications for Defect Chemistry.
Thermodynamics of the Point Defect.
Defect Equilibria in Various Types of Compounds.
Brouwer's Approximation Method.
Analyses of Real Crystals using Brouwer's Method.
The Effects of Purity (And Impurities).
Nanotechnology and The Solid State.

CHAPTER 3. THE SOLID STATE- MECHANISMS OF NUCLEATION, SOLID STATE DIFFUSION, GROWTH OF PARTICLES AND MEASUREMENT OF SOLID STATE REACTIONS
Solid State Reactions and Nucleation Mechanisms.
Homogeneous Nucleation Processes - Particle Growth.
Nucleation in Precipitation Reactions.
Sequences in Particle Growth.
Methods of Measurement of Solid State Reactions.

CHAPTER 4 - MEASURING PARTICLE SIZE AND GROWING SINGLE CRYSTALS
Measurement of Particle Sizes and Shapes.
Growth of Single Crystals.

CHAPTER 5 - OPTICAL AND ELECTRONIC PROPERTIES OF SOLIDS
The Nature of Light.
Absorbance, Reflectivity and Transmittance.
Electronic Aspects of Crystals.
Phonons as Quantized Lattice Vibrations.
Electronic Aspects of Phosphors.
Factors Associated with Excitation En

Details

No. of pages:
730
Language:
English
Copyright:
© 2004
Published:
Imprint:
Elsevier Science
Print ISBN:
9780444516619
Electronic ISBN:
9780080473239

About the editor

Richard Ropp

Richard C. Ropp, Ph.D., holds a Ph.D. in Physical Chemistry from Rutgers University (1971), an M.S. from Purdue University (1952), and the A.B. (Chem.) from Franklin College (IN). His career in chemistry spans over 60 years and he has been a consultant to industry during the past 40 years. Dr. Ropp has presented many seminars and talks and is the author of eight books (six by Elsevier). These books are based upon the properties of alkaline earth compounds. He began working with alkaline earth compounds in 1952, and was the originator and inventor of the red color TV phosphor in 1956 which is still being used today. He also created more than 25 new lamp and TV phosphors still being manufactured for the industry. Most of these were based upon alkaline earth compounds. He also developed more than 15 new chemical processes for raw materials used in the trade, many of which involved the manufacture of alkaline earth compounds. Fifty-five patents have been issued in his name (seven on glass) and he has published 63 technical papers. About 90% of the patents involved alkaline earth compounds. He is the inventor of a new type of alkaline earth phosphate glasses based on molecular polymerization. These glasses do not exhibit surface leaching by water and are more stable to hydrolysis than silicate-based glasses. These new glasses have unique applications in fiber-optics, high level nuclear waste disposal, high strength fibers, medical and dental implants, lasers, projection TV, and uses in optical and electronic components. Dr. Ropp held appointments as Research Specialist and Member of the Faculty of the Department of Chemistry at Rutgers University in Newark, NJ from 1971 to 1981. His experience has been varied and he has acted as Consultant and Expert Witness to attorneys concerning the technological aspects of their ongoing cases from 1989 to 2011 (more than 155 cases). From January 1990 to January 17, 1991, he served as Vice President of Technology for International