Low Temperature Stress In Crop Plants

Low Temperature Stress In Crop Plants

The Role of The Membrane

1st Edition - January 28, 1979

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  • Editor: James Lyons
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323145299

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Low Temperature Stress in Crop Plants: The Role of the Membrane contains the proceedings of an international seminar on ""Low Temperature Stress in Crop Plants"" held at the East-West Center, Honolulu, Hawaii, March 26-30, 1979. Organized into five parts, this book focuses on the fundamental mechanisms involved in the temperature response of crop plants. It examines the hypotheses related to the primary temperature sensor in crop plants and the mechanisms of low temperature injury. It also explores the genetic potential for cold resistance. Special topics related to the utilization of Arrhenius plots of the temperature response of plants are also discussed.

Table of Contents

  • Participants


    Photograph of Participants


    The Plant Membrane in Response to Low Temperature: An Overview

    Adaption to Chilling: Survival, Germination, Respiration, and Protoplasmic Dynamics

    Seed Germination at Low Temperatures

    Drought Resistance as Related to Low Temperature Stress

    Low Temperature Responses of Three Sorghum Species

    Physiology of Cool-Storage Disorders of Fruit and Vegetables

    Propagation of the Temperature Response

    A. Chilling Injury

    Sequence of Ultrastructural Changes in Tomato Cotyledons during Short Periods of Chilling

    Movement and Loss of Organic Substances from Roots at Low Temperature

    Cold-Shock Injury and Its Relation to Ion Transport by Roots

    Ion Leakage in Chilled Plant Tissues

    Effects of Chilling on Membrane Potentials of Maize and Oat Leaf Cells

    Temperature Sensitivity of Ion-Stimulated ATPases Associated with Some Plant Membranes

    Membrane Lipid Transitions: Their Correlation with the Climatic Distribution of Plants

    The Useful Chloroplast: A New Approach for Investigating Chilling Stress in Plants

    Low Temperature Response of Chloroplast Thylakoids

    The Influence of Changes in the Physical Phase of Thylakoid Membrane Lipids on Photosynthetic Activity

    B. Freezing Injury

    Freeze-Thaw-Induced Lesions in the Plasma Membrane

    Membrane Structural Transitions: Probable Relation to Frost Damage in Hardy Herbaceous Species

    Possible Involvement of the Tonoplast Lesion in Chilling Injury of Cultured Plant Cells

    Freezing Stress in Potato

    The Primary Temperature Sensor

    A. Characterization of Fluidity Parameters

    Fluorescence Polarization Studies of Membrane Phospholipid Phase Separations in Warm and Cool Climate Plants

    Differential Thermal Analysis of Tomato Mitochondrial Lipids

    Some Physical Properties of Membranes in the Phase Separation Region and Their Relation to Chilling Damage in Plants

    Lipid Phase of Membrane and Chilling Injury in the Blue-Green Alga, Anacystis nidulans

    B. Control of Membrane Fluidity

    Molecular Control of Membrane Fluidity

    In Vitro Membrane Lipid Reconstitution and Enzyme Function

    The Influence of Fatty Acid Unsaturation on Fluidity and Molecular Packing of Chloroplast Membrane Lipids

    Temperature Regulation of Plant Fatty Acyl Desaturases

    Chemical Modification of Lipids in Chilling Sensitive Species

    Chemical Modification of Lipids during Frost Hardening of Herbaceous Species

    Chill-Induced Changes in Organelle Membrane Fatty Acids

    C. Membrane-Cytoplasmic Interactions

    Diffusion Relationships between Cellular Plasma Membrane and Cytoplasm

    D. Direct Effects of Temperature on Proteins

    Temperature Effects on Phosphoenol Pyruvate Carboxylase from Chilling-Sensitive and Chilling-Resistant Plants

    Genetic Potential for Cold Resistance

    Cell Culture Manipulations as a Potential Breeding Tool

    Genetic Diversity of Plants for Response to Low Temperatures and Its Potential Use in Crop Plants

    Adaptation to Chilling Stress in Sorghum

    Chilling Injury Assays for Plant Breeding

    Special Topics Related to the Use of Arrhenius Plots

    Breaks or Curves? A Visual Aid to the Interpretation of Data

    Statistical Tests to Decide between Straight Line Segments and Curves as Suitable Fits to Arrhenius Plots or Other Data

    Maximum Likelihood Estimation of Breakpoints and the Comparison of the Goodness of Fit with that of Conventional Curves



    Table of Temperature Coefficients of Various Plant Responses


Product details

  • No. of pages: 582
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1979
  • Published: January 28, 1979
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323145299

About the Editor

James Lyons

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