Low Temperature Stress In Crop Plants - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780124605602, 9780323145299

Low Temperature Stress In Crop Plants

1st Edition

The Role of The Membrane

Editors: James Lyons
eBook ISBN: 9780323145299
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 28th January 1979
Page Count: 582
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Description

Low Temperature Stress in Crop Plants: The Role of the Membrane contains the proceedings of an international seminar on ""Low Temperature Stress in Crop Plants"" held at the East-West Center, Honolulu, Hawaii, March 26-30, 1979. Organized into five parts, this book focuses on the fundamental mechanisms involved in the temperature response of crop plants. It examines the hypotheses related to the primary temperature sensor in crop plants and the mechanisms of low temperature injury. It also explores the genetic potential for cold resistance. Special topics related to the utilization of Arrhenius plots of the temperature response of plants are also discussed.

Table of Contents


Participants

Preface

Photograph of Participants

Introduction

The Plant Membrane in Response to Low Temperature: An Overview

Adaption to Chilling: Survival, Germination, Respiration, and Protoplasmic Dynamics

Seed Germination at Low Temperatures

Drought Resistance as Related to Low Temperature Stress

Low Temperature Responses of Three Sorghum Species

Physiology of Cool-Storage Disorders of Fruit and Vegetables

Propagation of the Temperature Response

A. Chilling Injury

Sequence of Ultrastructural Changes in Tomato Cotyledons during Short Periods of Chilling

Movement and Loss of Organic Substances from Roots at Low Temperature

Cold-Shock Injury and Its Relation to Ion Transport by Roots

Ion Leakage in Chilled Plant Tissues

Effects of Chilling on Membrane Potentials of Maize and Oat Leaf Cells

Temperature Sensitivity of Ion-Stimulated ATPases Associated with Some Plant Membranes

Membrane Lipid Transitions: Their Correlation with the Climatic Distribution of Plants

The Useful Chloroplast: A New Approach for Investigating Chilling Stress in Plants

Low Temperature Response of Chloroplast Thylakoids

The Influence of Changes in the Physical Phase of Thylakoid Membrane Lipids on Photosynthetic Activity

B. Freezing Injury

Freeze-Thaw-Induced Lesions in the Plasma Membrane

Membrane Structural Transitions: Probable Relation to Frost Damage in Hardy Herbaceous Species

Possible Involvement of the Tonoplast Lesion in Chilling Injury of Cultured Plant Cells

Freezing Stress in Potato

The Primary Temperature Sensor

A. Characterization of Fluidity Parameters

Fluorescence Polarization Studies of Membrane Phospholipid Phase Separations in Warm and Cool Climate Plants

Differential Thermal Analysis of Tomato Mitochondrial Lipids

Some Physical Properties of Membranes in the Phase Separation Region and Their Relation to Chilling Damage in Plants

Lipid Phase of Membrane and Chilling Injury in the Blue-Green Alga, Anacystis nidulans

B. Control of Membrane Fluidity

Molecular Control of Membrane Fluidity

In Vitro Membrane Lipid Reconstitution and Enzyme Function

The Influence of Fatty Acid Unsaturation on Fluidity and Molecular Packing of Chloroplast Membrane Lipids

Temperature Regulation of Plant Fatty Acyl Desaturases

Chemical Modification of Lipids in Chilling Sensitive Species

Chemical Modification of Lipids during Frost Hardening of Herbaceous Species

Chill-Induced Changes in Organelle Membrane Fatty Acids

C. Membrane-Cytoplasmic Interactions

Diffusion Relationships between Cellular Plasma Membrane and Cytoplasm

D. Direct Effects of Temperature on Proteins

Temperature Effects on Phosphoenol Pyruvate Carboxylase from Chilling-Sensitive and Chilling-Resistant Plants

Genetic Potential for Cold Resistance

Cell Culture Manipulations as a Potential Breeding Tool

Genetic Diversity of Plants for Response to Low Temperatures and Its Potential Use in Crop Plants

Adaptation to Chilling Stress in Sorghum

Chilling Injury Assays for Plant Breeding

Special Topics Related to the Use of Arrhenius Plots

Breaks or Curves? A Visual Aid to the Interpretation of Data

Statistical Tests to Decide between Straight Line Segments and Curves as Suitable Fits to Arrhenius Plots or Other Data

Maximum Likelihood Estimation of Breakpoints and the Comparison of the Goodness of Fit with that of Conventional Curves

Epilogue

Appendix

Table of Temperature Coefficients of Various Plant Responses

Index




Details

No. of pages:
582
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1979
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9780323145299

About the Editor

James Lyons