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Low Grade Heat Driven Multi-Effect Distillation and Desalination - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780128051245, 9780128052709

Low Grade Heat Driven Multi-Effect Distillation and Desalination

1st Edition

Authors: Hui Chua Bijan Rahimi
Paperback ISBN: 9780128051245
eBook ISBN: 9780128052709
Imprint: Elsevier
Published Date: 1st March 2017
Page Count: 208
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Low Grade Heat Driven Multi-effect Distillation and Desalination describes the development of advanced multi-effect evaporation technologies that are driven by low grade sensible heat, including process waste heat in refineries, heat rejection from diesel generators or microturbines, and solar and geothermal energy. The technologies discussed can be applied to desalination in remote areas, purifying produced water in oil-and-gas industries, and to re-concentrate process liquor in refineries.

This book is ideal for researchers, engineering scientists, graduate students, and industrial practitioners working in the desalination, petrochemical, and mineral refining sectors, helping them further understand the technologies and opportunities that relate to their respective industries.

For researchers and graduate students, the core enabling ideas in the book will provide insights and open up new horizons in thermal engineering.

Key Features

  • Focuses on advanced, yet practical, distillation technologies using low-grade sensible heat
  • Explains the new design paradigm that must accompany the development of technologies
  • Contains key experimental data that serves to prove the core concepts that underpin the new technologies
  • Covers extensive thermo-economic analyses of the technologies, the price point for adoption, capital cost comparison with existing technologies, operating costs, and net present values


Researchers, engineering scientists, graduate students, and industrial practitioners working in desalination, petrochemical and mineral refining sectors

Table of Contents

Chapter 1. Introduction to Desalination

  • 1.1. Introduction
  • 1.2. A Brief History of Desalination
  • 1.3. Desalination Technologies
  • 1.4. Energy Consumption and Environmental Impacts of Desalination Processes

Chapter 2. Low Grade Sensible Heat-Driven Distillation

  • 2.1. Introduction to Low Grade Sensible Heat Sources
  • 2.2. Conventional Multi-Effect Distillation Process
  • 2.3. Preheated Multi-Effect Distillation Process
  • 2.4. Boosted Multi-Effect Distillation Process
  • 2.5. Flash-Boosted Multi-Effect Distillation Process

Chapter 3. Boosted Multi-Effect Distillation Pilot Plant

  • 3.1. Introduction
  • 3.2. Pilot Plant and Instrumentation
  • 3.3. Process Simulation and Validation
  • 3.4. Test Results
  • 3.5. Conclusion

Chapter 4. Mathematical Simulation

  • 4.1. Introduction
  • 4.2. Mathematical Simulation Method

Chapter 5. Pumping Power Analysis

  • 5.1. Introduction
  • 5.2. Pressure Drops in Desalination Plants

Chapter 6. Waste Heat Performance Ratio

  • 6.1. Introduction
  • 6.2. Performance of Conventional Steam-Driven Multi-Effect Distillation Process
  • 6.3. Performance of Sensible Heat-Driven Multi-Effect Distillation Process
  • 6.4. The Waste Heat Performance Ratio

Chapter 7. Thermo-Economic Analysis

  • 7.1. Introduction
  • 7.2. Capital Cost Analysis
  • 7.3. Operating Cost Analysis
  • 7.4. Cash Flow and Capital Budgeting Metrics

Chapter 8. Application of Novel Low Grade Heat-Driven Distillation to Seawater Desalination

  • 8.1. Introduction
  • 8.2. Simulation Results
  • 8.3. Thermoeconomic Analysis
  • 8.4. Conclusion

Chapter 9. Application of Novel Low Grade Heat-Driven Distillation in Alumina Refineries

  • 9.1. Introduction
  • 9.2. Evaporation Process
  • 9.3. A Novel Flash-Boosted Multi-Effect Evaporation for Alumina Refineries
  • 9.4. A Novel Flash-Boosted Thermal Vapor Compression Multi-Effect Evaporation for Alumina Refineries

Appendix A. Seawater Enthalpy

Appendix B. Boiling Point Elevation and Nonequilibrium Allowance

Appendix C. Pressure Drop Across Plate Heat Exchangers

Appendix D. Overall Heat Transfer Coefficient in Condenser and Falling Film Evaporators

Appendix E. Plate Heat Exchanger Cost Estimation

Appendix F. Plate Heat Exchanger Overall Heat Transfer Coefficient

Appendix G. Excel Spreadsheet


No. of pages:
© Elsevier 2017
1st March 2017
Paperback ISBN:
eBook ISBN:

About the Authors

Hui Chua

Professor Hui Tong Chua obtained a Bachelor of Technology Engineering Educator Award 2001/2002, National University of Singapore; 2002/2003 University-level Excellent Teachers Listing – ranked among the top 6.3%, National University of Singapore; 2010 Award for Teaching Excellence (Individual Teaching) by the Faculty of Engineering, Computing and Mathematics, The University of Western Australia; 2011 Shanxi Government Specially Appointed Expert under the Shanxi (China) Hundred Man Program; 2013 Joint winner with Trevor Powell of Impacts Buildings Pty. Ltd. in the “Backyard Category” of The Australian Innovation Challenge for “Solar Desalination”

Affiliations and Expertise

School of Mechanical and Chemical Engineering, The University of Western Australia, Perth, Australia

Bijan Rahimi

Dr. Bijan Rahimi received his Ph.D. in desalination from the School of Mechanical and Chemical Engineering of the University of Western Australia (UWA). During his Ph.D. program, he was awarded the Australian Postgraduate Award (APA), NCEDA (National Centre of Excellence in Desalination Australia) Supplementary Ph.D. Scholarship, UWA Safety Net Top-Up Scholarship and AQW (Alumina Quality Workshop) Student Scholarship. Now, he is working as a visiting assistant professor at the School of Mechanical Engineering of Sharif University of Technology (SUT). He received Iran’s National Elites Foundation Award for his work on low grade heat driven desalination and its application in Iran, in June 2016. He is working on a novel desalination pilot plant prototype at the Institute of Water and Energy (IWE) of SUT. He is also collaborating with the Water Research Institute (WRI) of Iran’s Ministry of Energy on the formulation of the first desalination research and technology roadmap for Iran. For more details you can follow him on

Affiliations and Expertise

Visiting Assistant Professor at the School of Mechanical Engineering of Sharif University of Technology (SUT), Tehran, Iran


"Anyone contending with thermal input below the nominal boiling point of water now has excellent detailed guidance for designing and evaluating such systems." --Prof. Jeffrey M. Gordon, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Israel

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