Low Carbon Energy Technologies in Sustainable Energy Systems

Low Carbon Energy Technologies in Sustainable Energy Systems

1st Edition - January 8, 2021

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  • Editor: Grigorios Kyriakopoulos
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128228975
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128230879

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Low Carbon Energy Technologies for Sustainable Energy Systems examines, investigates, and integrates current research aimed at operationalizing low carbon technologies within complex transitioning energy economies. Scholarly research has traditionally focused on the technical aspects of exploitation, R&D, operation, infrastructure, and decommissioning, while approaches which can realistically inform their reception and scale-up across real societies and real markets are piecemeal and isolated in separate literatures. Addressing both the technical foundations of each technology together with the sociotechnical ways in which they are spread in markets and societies, this work integrates the technoeconomic assessment of low carbon technologies with direct discussion on legislative and regulatory policies in energy markets. Chapters address issues, such as social acceptance, consumer awareness, environmental valuation systems, and the circular economy, as low carbon technologies expand into energy systems sustainability, sensitivity, and stability. This collective research work is relevant to both researchers and practitioners working in sustainable energy systems. The combination of these features makes it a timely book that is useful and attractive to university students, researchers, academia, and public or private energy policy makers.

Key Features

  • Combines socio-cultural perspectives, environmental sustainability, and economic feasibility in the analysis of low carbon energy technologies
  • Assesses regulatory governance impacting the environmental protection and the social cohesion of environmentally-directed energy markets
  • Reviews the carbon trade exchange, attributing economic value to carbon and enabling its trading perspectives by people, companies or countries invested in low carbon technologies


Early career researchers at graduate and PhD level in engineering disciplines of relevance to energy and electricity; energy economics; energy policy; policy studies; transition studies; future studies and various area studies specializations. Energy analysts. Practitioners within the public and NGO sectors. Policy advisors and energy consultants

Table of Contents

  • Part 1 Introduction and fundamentals
    Chapter 1 The role of resource recovery technologies in reducing the demand of fossil fuels and conventional fossil-based mineral fertilizers
    Miltiadis Zamparas
    1 Introduction
    1.1 Urban wastewater and energy resource recovery
    1.2 The global demand of P-fertilizers and the need of nutrient recovery
    2 Methods for energy and resource recovery
    2.1 Anaerobic digestion
    2.2 Incineration and co-incineration
    2.3 Gasification
    2.4 Pyrolysis
    2.5 Wet air oxidation
    2.6 Supercritical water oxidation
    2.7 Hydrothermal treatment
    3 Energy recovery
    3.1 Biogas
    3.2 Bio-hydrogen
    3.3 Bio-diesel
    4 Nutrients recovery
    4.1 Ammonia recovery
    4.2 Struvite precipitation
    5 Integrated resource recovery in a future smart city

    Chapter 2 Increasing efficiency of mining enterprises power consumption
    Vadim Z. Manusov, Dmitry V. Antonenkov, Evgenia Y. Sizganova, Denis B. Solovev
    1 Significance
    2 The degree of elaboration of the issue
    3 Theoretical part
    4 Solution method
    5 Discussion of the results
    6 Conclusion

    Chapter 3 The contribution of energy crops to biomass production
    S.V. Leontopoulos, G. Arabatzis
    1 Introduction
    1.1 General
    1.2 Energy production and demands
    1.3 Biomass production
    1.4 Biofuel
    1.5 Energy crops distribution, contribution, and utilization
    2 Biomass conversion to biomass production
    3 Conclusions

    Part 2 Examining low carbon energy technologies and their contribution as sustainable energy systems
    Chapter 4 Public attitudes toward the major renewable energy types in the last 5 years: A scoping review of the literature
    Evangelia Karasmanaki, Georgios Tsantopoulos
    1 Introduction
    2 Methodology
    3 Results
    3.1 Attitudes to renewable energy sources in general
    3.2 Attitudes to wind energy
    3.3 Attitudes to solar energy
    4 Discussion and conclusions

    Chapter 5 Understanding willingness to pay for renewable energy among citizens of the European Union during the period 2010–20
    Evangelia Karasmanaki
    1 Introduction
    2 Methodology
    3 Results
    3.1 Estimations of willingness to pay for renewable energy in European Union
    3.2 Factors affecting the willingness or unwillingness to pay for renewable energy
    3.3 Methodologies employed in WTP studies
    4 Discussion
    5 Conclusions

    Chapter 6 Linking energy homeostasis, exergy management,and resiliency to develop sustainable grid-connected distributed generation systems for their integration into the distribution grid by electric utilities
    Fernando Yanine, Antonio Sanchez-Squella, Aldo Barrueto, Sarat Kumar Sahoo
    1 Introduction
    1.1 Climate change and the energy crisis
    1.2 Electric power systems (EPS) decentralization for growing environmental threats
    1.3 Role of the microgrid
    2 Resiliency and energy homeostasis
    2.1 Homeostasis-based control systems in the design of SES
    3 Grid-tied microgrids with and without energy storage
    3.1 Building sustainability in energy systems
    3.2 Sustainability performance indicators
    3.3 Control methods of EPS
    4 Sustainable hybrid energy systems (SHES) as living open systems
    4.1 HC system installed in a SHES
    4.2 Discussion
    5 Conclusions

    Chapter 7 Smart energy systems and the need to incorporate homeostatically controlled microgrids to the electric power distribution industry: an electric utilities’ perspective
    Fernando Yanine, Antonio Sanchez-Squella, Aldo Barrueto, Sarat Kumar Sahoo, Felisa Cordova
    1 Smart energy systems, energy sustainability, and grid flexibility
    1.1 Toward a new electric utilities’ perspective
    1.2 Homeostaticity of energy systems
    1.3 Climate change and the current energy transition
    1.4 Electric power systems’ decentralization
    2 Electric power distribution’s decentralization agenda
    2.1 Microgrid trends
    2.2 Homeostaticity in electric utility-operated microgrids
    2.3 Homeostaticity of SHES
    3 Homeostaticity in energy systems
    3.1 Exergy and energy efficiency
    3.2 Role of the electric tariff differentiation
    4 Energy homeostasis and homeostatic control strategies
    4.1 Discussion
    5 Conclusions

    Chapter 8 Grid-tied distributed generation with energy storage to advance renewables in the residential sector: tariffs analysis with energy sharing innovations
    Fernando Yanine, Antonio Sanchez-Squella, Aldo Barrueto, Sarat Kumar Sahoo, Dhruv Shah, Antonio Parejo, Felisa Cordova, Hans Rother
    1 Introduction
    1.1 Sustainable energy systems
    1.2 The important, albeit not yet fully understood role of energy storage for electric utilities’ power distribution systems
    1.3 Case study
    2 Deployment of distributed generation systems
    2.1 Electricity tariffs
    2.2 Criteria A: Customers share the Nth part of generated renewable energy
    2.3 Criterion B: Substantial renewable energy supply according to customer merit
    3 Analysis on Chilean potential case scenario
    3.1 Separate customers’ scenario
    3.2 Simulation results
    4 Conclusions

    Chapter 9 Integrating green energy into the grid: how to engineer energy homeostaticity, flexibility and resiliency in electric power distribution systems and why should electric utilities care
    Fernando Yanine, Antonio Sanchez-Squella, Aldo Barrueto, Sarat Kumar Sahoo, Antonio Parejo, Dhruv Shah, Felisa Cordova
    1 Introduction
    2 How to incorporate energy homeostaticity in electric power systems?
    2.1 Thriftiness and resiliency in electric power systems
    3 Control engineering design
    3.1 Why is energy efficiency (EF) not enough?
    3.2 Energy prosumers
    3.3 50 kWh battery
    3.4 The case with 100 kWh battery
    3.5 The case with 150 kWh battery
    4 Conclusion

    Chapter 10 Multi energy systems of the future
    Vasileios C. Kapsalis
    1 Introduction
    2 Multi energy supply chain
    3 Multi forms of energy storage systems
    3.1 General
    3.2 Forms and key properties
    4 Assessment, economic issues, and perspectives
    4.1 Technological and economic issues
    4.2 Optimization and decision making
    5 Conclusions

    Chapter 11 Bibliometric analysis of scientific production on energy, sustainability, and climate change
    Theodore Kalyvas, Efthimios Zervas
    1 Introduction
    2 Data and methodology
    2.1 Data
    2.2 Methodology
    3 Results
    3.1 Analysis of publications per year
    3.2 Subject area
    3.3 Document and source type
    3.4 Analysis of the major sources of publication and citation
    3.5 Analysis of countries
    3.6 Analysis of institutions
    4 Conclusions

    Chapter 12 Public acceptance of renewable energy sources
    Zoe Gareiou, Efi Drimili, Efthimios Zervas
    1 Introduction
    2 Materials and methods
    2.1 Sample size and collection
    2.2 Survey questionnaire
    2.3 Data analysis
    3 Results and discussion
    3.1 Socio-demographic characteristics of the sample
    4 Descriptive analysis and the effect of socio-demographic characteristics
    5 Environmental sensitivity
    6 Opinions and knowledge about the RES
    7 Hypothetic RES installation scenario
    8 Conclusions

    Chapter 13 Sustainable site selection of offshore wind farms using GIS-based multi-criteria decision analysis and analytical hierarchy process. Case study: Island of Crete (Greece)
    Pandora Gkeka-Serpetsidaki, Theocharis Tsoutsos
    1 Introduction to our work
    2 Introduction to the offshore wind energy sector
    2.1 Worldwide current status
    2.2 The situation in Europe
    2.3 The case of Greece
    3 Case study—the island of Crete
    3.1 Characteristics of the area
    3.2 The energy system
    4. Methodology
    5 Results and conclusions

    Chapter 14 Accounting and Sustainability
    Sofia Asonitou
    1 Introduction
    2 Sustainability and EU strategy
    3 Sustainability and the Accounting Profession
    4 Sustainable Finance and Circular Economy
    5 Conclusions

    Part 3 Conclusions and future research
    Chapter 15 Should low carbon energy technologies be envisaged in the context of sustainable energy systems?
    Grigorios L. Kyriakopoulos
    1 Introduction
    2 Methods
    3 Results
    3.1 Low carbon energy: the technological dimension
    3.2 Sustainable energy systems: the social dimension
    4 Discussion and current research considerations
    5 Conclusions and future research orientations
    5.1 Challenges of carbon abatement based on energy systems
    5.2 Policies and implications

Product details

  • No. of pages: 418
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 2021
  • Published: January 8, 2021
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128228975
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128230879

About the Editor

Grigorios Kyriakopoulos

Grigorios L. Kyriakopoulos is a doctor in the School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, National Technical University of Athens, Greece. He (co)authored 55 papers at 34 journals, 11 invited book chapters, and 30 papers at conferences, all received more than 800 citations. He is the reviewer of 3800 manuscripts at 260 journals. His research interests are Engineering, Environmental Systems and Remediation, Energy, and Renewable Energy Sources.

Affiliations and Expertise

Doctor, School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, National Technical University of Athens, Greece

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