Liquid Membranes: Principles and Applications in Chemical Separations and Wastewater Treatment discusses the principles and applications of the liquid membrane (LM) separation processes in organic and inorganic chemistry, analytical chemistry, biochemistry, biomedical engineering, gas separation, and wastewater treatment. It presents updated, useful, and systematized information on new LM separation technologies, along with new developments in the field. It provides an overview of LMs and LM processes, and it examines the mechanisms and kinetics of carrier-facilitated transport through LMs. It also discusses active transport, driven by oxidation-reduction, catalytic, and bioconversion reactions on the LM interfaces; modifications of supported LMs; bulk aqueous hybrid LM processes with water-soluble carriers; emulsion LMs and their applications; and progress in LM science and engineering. This book will be of value to students and young researchers who are new to separation science and technology, as well as to scientists and engineers involved in the research and development of separation technologies, LM separations, and membrane reactors.

Key Features

- Provides comprehensive knowledge-based information on the principles and applications of a variety of liquid membrane separation processes.
- Contains a critical analysis of new technologies published in the last 15 years.


Researchers in the area of membranes and their applications as well as chemical engineers, graduate students, consultants and other scientists working in the area of membranes, wastewater, separations, pharmaceutical and water management

Table of Contents

Preface List of Contributors 1. Introduction, General Description, Definitions, and Classification. Overview 1. Introduction 2. General Description of the LM Processes 3. Terminology and Classification 3.1. Classification according to module design configurations 3.2. Classification according to transport mechanisms 3.3. Classification according to applications 3.4. Classification according to carrier type 3.5. Classification according to membrane support type 4. Overview 2. Carrier-Facilitated Coupled Transport Through Liquid Membranes: General Theoretical Considerations and Influencing Parameters 1. Introduction 2. Mechanisms and Kinetics of Carrier-Facilitated Transport Through Liquid Membranes 2.1. Models of LM transport 2.2. Diffusion transport regime 2.3. Chemical reactions’ kinetics regime transport 2.4. Mixed diffusional-kinetic transport regime 3. Driving Forces in Facilitated, Coupled Liquid Membrane Transport 4. Selectivity 5. Module Design Considerations for Separation Systems 6. Factors, Affecting Carrier-Facilitated Coupling Transport 6.1. Carrier properties 6.2. Solvent properties influencing transport 6.3. Membrane support properties 6.4. Coupling ions: Anion type 6.5. Influence of concentration polarization and fouling 6.6. Influence of temperature 7. Summary Remark 3. Supported Liquid Membranes and Their Modifications: Definition, Classifications, Theory, Stability, Application and Perspectives 1. Introduction 2. Supported Liquid Membrane Separation Technique—the Principle 3. Transport Mechanisms and Kinetics 3.1. Driving force and transport mechanisms 3.2. Product recovery and enrichment 4. Selectivity 4.1. Transport selectivity 4.2. Immunological tr


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© 2010
Elsevier Science
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About the author

Vladimir Kislik

Affiliations and Expertise

Retired Professor in Separation Science & Technology, Casali Institute of Applied Chemistry, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel