Liquid Fuels

Liquid Fuels

The Commonwealth and International Library of Science, Technology, Engineering and Liberal Studies: Metallurgy Division

1st Edition - January 1, 1963

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  • Authors: D. A. Williams, G. Jones
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483137759

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Description

Liquid Fuels discusses the properties, classification, manufacturing, and practical use of liquid fuels. The book is organized into 10 chapters discussing the various aspects of liquid fuels, from source to storage. Chapters 1 and 2 present the main source of liquid fuels and other sources such as oil shales and coal. Chapter 3 illustrates the physical and chemical tests used to determine the properties of liquid fuels and the significance of these properties to the practical applications of the different types of fuels. Fuels for spark and compression ignition engines are discussed in Chapters 4 and 5. Chapter 6 presents the combustion and atomization of fuel oils. Chapters 7 to 9 enumerate the industrial and household uses of liquid fuels. The final chapter deals with the handling and storage of liquid fuels. Students of chemical engineering and metallurgy and people working at industries requiring the use of liquid fuels in their manufacturing processes will find the book useful.

Table of Contents


  • Foreword

    Acknowledgments

    1 The Manufacture of Liquid Fuels from Petroleum

    Distillation

    Fuel Oils

    Conversion Processes

    Treatment Processes

    2 Liquid Fuels from Sources Other than Petroleum

    Oil Shales

    Coal

    3 Properties of Liquid Fuels

    Density and Specific Gravity

    Viscosity

    Flash Point and Fire Point

    Pour Point and Cloud Point

    Carbon Residue

    Burning Tests

    Sulphur Content

    Ash Content

    Stability and Compatibility

    Water Content

    Calorific Value

    4 Fuels for Spark Ignition Internal Combustion Engines

    Combustion Characteristics

    Motor Gasolines

    Aviation Gasolines

    Vaporizing Oil or Power Kerosine

    Alcohols

    5 Fuels for Compression Ignition Engines

    Compression Ignition Engines

    Characteristics of Diesel Fuels

    Specifications for Diesel Fuels

    Diesel Fuels from Sources Other than Petroleum

    Applications of Diesel Fuels

    6 Atomization and Combustion of Fuel Oils

    Oil Burners

    Efficient Combustion

    Low Temperature Corrosion

    Smut Formation and Steel Stack Corrosion

    7 The Use of Liquid Fuels in Boilers, Industrial Furnaces, and Gas Turbines

    Large Water Tube Boilers

    Shell-type Boilers

    Industrial Furnaces

    Furnace Temperature Control

    Furnace Pressure Control

    Combustion Control

    Open Hearth Furnace

    Glass Furnaces

    Blast Furnaces

    Gas Turbines

    8 The Use of Liquid Fuels for Gas Manufacture

    Characteristics of Town Gas and Industrial Gases

    Principles of Oil Gasification

    Town Gas Manufacture

    Industrial Gas Manufacture

    The Use of Liquefied Petroleum Gases

    9 Oil Fired Domestic Heating Appliances

    Oil Burners used in Domestic Heating Appliances

    Burner Controls

    Oil Burning Appliances used in Domestic Heating Installations

    The Storage of Domestic Fuel Oil

    Central Heating

    10 Storage and Handling of Liquid Fuels

    Storage Tanks

    Liquefied Petroleum Gases

    Materials having Flash Points below 73°F

    Fuel Oils

    Tank Heating

    Oil Preheaters

    Ring Main Systems

    Index


Product details

  • No. of pages: 188
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Pergamon 2013
  • Published: January 1, 1963
  • Imprint: Pergamon
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483137759

About the Authors

D. A. Williams

G. Jones

Affiliations and Expertise

Director, Technical Communication (Publishing) Ltd.

About the Editors

H. M. Finniston

D. W. Hopkins

Affiliations and Expertise

University College of Swansea, UK

W.S. Owen

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