Lipids and Biomembranes of Eukaryotic Microorganisms - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780122420504, 9780323153676

Lipids and Biomembranes of Eukaryotic Microorganisms

1st Edition

eBook ISBN: 9780323153676
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st January 1973
Page Count: 370
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Lipids and Biomembranes of Eukaryotic Microorganisms synthesizes the state of knowledge for eukaryotic microorganisms and relates this knowledge to microbial membranes.

This book examines each of the major classes of lipids—sterols, fatty acids, phospholipids, and sulfolipids—separately. In each case an attempt has been made to provide a comprehensive summary and to evaluate critically the literature on the occurrence and biosynthesis of these compounds in yeasts, fungi, algae, and protozoa. Physiological functions of these lipids, particularly their role in the membranes of the organisms, are described. In some cases attention has been called to the possible usefulness of lipids as taxonomic criteria. Experimental systems for studying the relation between the structure of lipids and their function in biomembranes are also discussed. These systems include the photosynthetic membranes in organisms such as Euglena, Chlorella, and Chlamydomonas in which the formation of the chloroplasts is susceptible to experimental control; and fatty acid auxotrophic mutants of yeasts and Neurospora in which the fatty acid composition of the membrane lipids can be altered by the experimenter. This book will be of use to lipid biochemists, microbial physiologists, taxonomists, and cell biologists who are interested in the molecular aspects of biomembranes.

Table of Contents

List of Contributors


A Note on Taxonomy and Biological Nomenclature

Chapter 1. Comparative Biochemistry of Sterols in Eukaryotic Microorganisms

I. Distribution

II. Biosynthesis

III. Metabolism

IV. Function


Chapter 2. Comparative Biochemistry of Fatty Acids in Eukaryotic Microorganisms

I. Introduction

II. Saturated Fatty Acids

III. Monounsaturated Fatty Acids

IV. Biosynthesis of Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids

V. Phyletic Distribution of Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids


Chapter 3. Phospholipids

I. Introduction

II. Methodology

III. Phospholipid Structure

IV. Phospholipid Composition

V. Phospholipid Biosynthesis

VI. Metabolic Studies

VII. Phospholipid Breakdown

VIII. Phospholipids and Membrane Function and Biogenesis


Chapter 4. Sulfolipids and Halosulfolipids

I. Introduction

II. Nomenclature

III. The Plant Sulfonolipid

IV. The Sulfolipids and Halosulfolipids of Ochromonas

V. Miscellaneous Sulfolipids of Eukaryotic Microorganisms

VI. Sulfolipids and Membranes


Chapter 5. Chloroplast Lipids of Photosynthesizing Eukaryotic Protists

I. Introduction

II. Nature of the Lipid Components

III. Major Lipid Components

IV. Overall Functional Considerations


Chapter 6. Membranes of Yeast and Neurospora Lipid Mutants and Physical Studies

I. Introduction

II. Membrane Lipids

III. Lipid-Requiring Organisms

IV. Physical Properties Conferred to Fatty Acids by Double Bonds

V. Spin-Labeled Lipids

VI. Spin-Labeled Yeast

VII. Membrane Proteins

VIII. Summary


Author Index

Subject Index


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© Academic Press 1973
Academic Press
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