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Lipids and Biomembranes of Eukaryotic Microorganisms synthesizes the state of knowledge for eukaryotic microorganisms and relates this knowledge to microbial membranes. This book examines each of the major classes of lipids—sterols, fatty acids, phospholipids, and sulfolipids—separately. In each case an attempt has been made to provide a comprehensive summary and to evaluate critically the literature on the occurrence and biosynthesis of these compounds in yeasts, fungi, algae, and protozoa. Physiological functions of these lipids, particularly their role in the membranes of the organisms, are described. In some cases attention has been called to the possible usefulness of lipids as taxonomic criteria. Experimental systems for studying the relation between the structure of lipids and their function in biomembranes are also discussed. These systems include the photosynthetic membranes in organisms such as Euglena, Chlorella, and Chlamydomonas in which the formation of the chloroplasts is susceptible to experimental control; and fatty acid auxotrophic mutants of yeasts and Neurospora in which the fatty acid composition of the membrane lipids can be altered by the experimenter. This book will be of use to lipid biochemists, microbial physiologists, taxonomists, and cell biologists who are interested in the molecular aspects of biomembranes.
List of Contributors
A Note on Taxonomy and Biological Nomenclature
Chapter 1. Comparative Biochemistry of Sterols in Eukaryotic Microorganisms
Chapter 2. Comparative Biochemistry of Fatty Acids in Eukaryotic Microorganisms
II. Saturated Fatty Acids
III. Monounsaturated Fatty Acids
IV. Biosynthesis of Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids
V. Phyletic Distribution of Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids
Chapter 3. Phospholipids
III. Phospholipid Structure
IV. Phospholipid Composition
V. Phospholipid Biosynthesis
VI. Metabolic Studies
VII. Phospholipid Breakdown
VIII. Phospholipids and Membrane Function and Biogenesis
Chapter 4. Sulfolipids and Halosulfolipids
III. The Plant Sulfonolipid
IV. The Sulfolipids and Halosulfolipids of Ochromonas
V. Miscellaneous Sulfolipids of Eukaryotic Microorganisms
VI. Sulfolipids and Membranes
Chapter 5. Chloroplast Lipids of Photosynthesizing Eukaryotic Protists
II. Nature of the Lipid Components
III. Major Lipid Components
IV. Overall Functional Considerations
Chapter 6. Membranes of Yeast and Neurospora Lipid Mutants and Physical Studies
II. Membrane Lipids
III. Lipid-Requiring Organisms
IV. Physical Properties Conferred to Fatty Acids by Double Bonds
V. Spin-Labeled Lipids
VI. Spin-Labeled Yeast
VII. Membrane Proteins
- No. of pages:
- © Academic Press 1973
- 1st January 1973
- Academic Press
- eBook ISBN:
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