Lipids and Biomembranes of Eukaryotic Microorganisms

Lipids and Biomembranes of Eukaryotic Microorganisms

1st Edition - January 1, 1973

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  • Editor: Joseph Erwin
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323153676

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Lipids and Biomembranes of Eukaryotic Microorganisms synthesizes the state of knowledge for eukaryotic microorganisms and relates this knowledge to microbial membranes. This book examines each of the major classes of lipids—sterols, fatty acids, phospholipids, and sulfolipids—separately. In each case an attempt has been made to provide a comprehensive summary and to evaluate critically the literature on the occurrence and biosynthesis of these compounds in yeasts, fungi, algae, and protozoa. Physiological functions of these lipids, particularly their role in the membranes of the organisms, are described. In some cases attention has been called to the possible usefulness of lipids as taxonomic criteria. Experimental systems for studying the relation between the structure of lipids and their function in biomembranes are also discussed. These systems include the photosynthetic membranes in organisms such as Euglena, Chlorella, and Chlamydomonas in which the formation of the chloroplasts is susceptible to experimental control; and fatty acid auxotrophic mutants of yeasts and Neurospora in which the fatty acid composition of the membrane lipids can be altered by the experimenter. This book will be of use to lipid biochemists, microbial physiologists, taxonomists, and cell biologists who are interested in the molecular aspects of biomembranes.

Table of Contents

  • List of Contributors


    A Note on Taxonomy and Biological Nomenclature

    Chapter 1. Comparative Biochemistry of Sterols in Eukaryotic Microorganisms

    I. Distribution

    II. Biosynthesis

    III. Metabolism

    IV. Function


    Chapter 2. Comparative Biochemistry of Fatty Acids in Eukaryotic Microorganisms

    I. Introduction

    II. Saturated Fatty Acids

    III. Monounsaturated Fatty Acids

    IV. Biosynthesis of Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids

    V. Phyletic Distribution of Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids


    Chapter 3. Phospholipids

    I. Introduction

    II. Methodology

    III. Phospholipid Structure

    IV. Phospholipid Composition

    V. Phospholipid Biosynthesis

    VI. Metabolic Studies

    VII. Phospholipid Breakdown

    VIII. Phospholipids and Membrane Function and Biogenesis


    Chapter 4. Sulfolipids and Halosulfolipids

    I. Introduction

    II. Nomenclature

    III. The Plant Sulfonolipid

    IV. The Sulfolipids and Halosulfolipids of Ochromonas

    V. Miscellaneous Sulfolipids of Eukaryotic Microorganisms

    VI. Sulfolipids and Membranes


    Chapter 5. Chloroplast Lipids of Photosynthesizing Eukaryotic Protists

    I. Introduction

    II. Nature of the Lipid Components

    III. Major Lipid Components

    IV. Overall Functional Considerations


    Chapter 6. Membranes of Yeast and Neurospora Lipid Mutants and Physical Studies

    I. Introduction

    II. Membrane Lipids

    III. Lipid-Requiring Organisms

    IV. Physical Properties Conferred to Fatty Acids by Double Bonds

    V. Spin-Labeled Lipids

    VI. Spin-Labeled Yeast

    VII. Membrane Proteins

    VIII. Summary


    Author Index

    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 370
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1973
  • Published: January 1, 1973
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323153676

About the Editor

Joseph Erwin

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