Veterinary Surgery: Small Animal Expert Consult

Veterinary Surgery: Small Animal Expert Consult

2-Volume Set

2nd Edition - June 14, 2017

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  • Authors: Spencer Johnston, Karen Tobias
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323320498
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780323320658

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Description

Focus on the "how" and "why" of medical/surgical conditions — the critical issues that lead to successful outcomes for your patients — with Veterinary Surgery: Small Animal, Second Edition. This two-volume full-color resource offers an authoritative, comprehensive review of disease processes, a thorough evaluation of basic clinical science information, and in-depth discussion of advanced surgeries. With an updated Expert Consult website you can access anytime and detailed coverage of surgical procedures, it is the definitive reference for surgical specialists, practicing veterinarians, and residents.

Key Features

  • Expert Consult website offers access to the entire text online, plus references linked to original abstracts on PubMed.
  • Comprehensive coverage includes surgical biology, surgical methods and perioperative care, neurosurgery, and orthopedics in Volume One, and all soft tissue surgery organized by body system in Volume Two.
  • Extensive references to published studies available on Expert Consult show the factual basis for the material.
  • Strong blend of clinical and basic science information facilitates a clear understanding of clinical issues surrounding operative situations.
  • Highly recognized contributing authors create chapters from their own experience and knowledge base, providing the most authoritative, current information available.
  • Coverage of anatomy, physiology, and pathophysiology in chapters on specific organs includes information critical to operative procedures and patient management.
  • In-depth chapters on anesthesia, surgical oncology, tumors of the spine, and musculoskeletal neoplasia provide valuable resources for practicing surgeons, especially in the area of cancer treatment.
  • Preoperative considerations and surgical implications for surgical procedures help surgeons make decisions about treatment approaches.

Table of Contents

  • Cover image
  • Title Page
  • Disclaimer
  • Table of Contents
  • Copyright
  • Contributors
  • Dedication
  • Preface
  • Volume 1
  • Section I Surgical Biology
  • 1 Inflammatory Response
  • Acute Inflammation
  • Inflammatory Stimuli
  • Mediators of Inflammation
  • Mediators and Outcomes of Inflammation
  • References
  • 2 Molecular and Cellular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Genomics
  • Transcriptomics
  • Proteomics
  • Metabolomics
  • Bioinformatics
  • Systems Biology
  • Applications of Molecular Biology to Small-Animal Surgery
  • References
  • 3 Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine
  • Basic Developmental Hierarchy of Stem Cells
  • Mesencymal Stem Cells
  • Common Cell Sources and Delivery Methods
  • Limitations and Concerns Regarding Mesenchymal Stem Cell Therapy in Small-Animal Practice
  • Evidence to Support a Role for Mesenchymal Stem Cell or Stromal Vascular Fraction Cells in Small-Animal Surgical Practice
  • Conclusions and Future Directions
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • 4 Platelet-Rich Plasma and Autologous Conditioned Sera
  • Platelet-Rich Plasma
  • Autologous Conditioned Sera
  • Summary
  • References
  • 5 Fluid Therapy
  • Body Fluid Compartments and Rehydration Versus Resuscitation
  • Perioperative Fluid Therapy
  • Fluid Types and Uses
  • Blood Types
  • Blood Storage and Administration
  • Electrolytes
  • Acid-Base Homeostasis
  • Primary Acid-Base Disturbances
  • Interpretation of Blood Gas Values
  • References
  • 6 Shock
  • Pathophysiology of Impaired Oxygen Delivery and Oxygen Uptake
  • Distributive Shock and Sepsis
  • References
  • 7 Bleeding and Hemostasis
  • Hemostasis and Fibrinolysis
  • Hemostatic Testing
  • Bleeding
  • Thromboembolism
  • Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation
  • References
  • 8 Metabolism and Nutritional Needs of Surgical Patients
  • Malnutrition
  • Uncomplicated Starvation and Stressed Starvation
  • Nutritional Status and Goals of Nutritional Support
  • Nutrition and the Surgical Period
  • Nutrition in the Postsurgical and Rehabilitative Phase
  • Essential Nutritional Factors
  • Determining Route of and Providing Nutritional Support
  • References
  • 9 Wound Healing
  • Components of Wound Healing
  • Phases of Wound Healing
  • Healing of Specific Tissues
  • Species and Gender Differences in Healing
  • Impaired Wound Healing
  • References
  • 10 Wound Infections and Antimicrobial Use
  • Defining Surgical Site Infections
  • Incidence and Impact
  • Risk Factors
  • Pathogens
  • Perioperative Antimicrobial Prophylaxis
  • Postoperative Antimicrobials
  • Management of Surgical Site Infections
  • References
  • Section II Surgical Methods and Perioperative Care
  • 11 Sterilization
  • Cleaning of Surgical Instruments and Materials
  • Types of Sterilization
  • Cleaning and Sterilization of Endoscopes
  • Indicators of Sterilization
  • Storage of Sterilized Materials
  • References
  • 12 Instrumentation
  • Surgical Instruments
  • Miscellaneous Instruments
  • Microsurgical Instruments
  • Instrument Care
  • Instrument Problem Solving
  • References
  • 13 The Operating Room
  • The Operating Room Team
  • Surgical Etiquette
  • Operating Room Design, Infrastructure, and Table Setup
  • Preparation of the Patient and Personnel
  • References
  • 14 Monitoring for Surgical Infection
  • Surveillance as Part of the Infection Control Program
  • Goals of Surveillance
  • Development of a Practical Surgical Site Infection Surveillance Program
  • Definitions
  • Personnel
  • Costs of Surveillance
  • Surgical Site Infection Surveillance as Part of an Overall Infection Control Program
  • Comparing Surgical Site Infection Rates
  • Surgical Site Infection Cluster Investigation
  • Conclusions
  • References
  • 15 Principles and Use of Energy Sources in Small Animal Surgery
  • Introduction
  • Definitions and Principles of Electromagnetic Energy
  • Tissue Effects of Electromagnetic Energy
  • Types of Electrosurgical Devices
  • Considerations for Use of Electrosurgical Devices During Minimally Invasive Surgery
  • Advanced Electrosurgical Devices
  • Lasers
  • General Safety Considerations
  • References
  • 16 Suture Material, Tissue Staplers, Ligation Devices, and Closure Methods
  • Suture Needles
  • Suture
  • Surgical Mesh
  • Staples
  • Adhesives
  • References
  • 17 Instrument and Tissue Handling Techniques
  • Instrument Handling
  • Use of Cutting Instruments
  • Use of Grasping Instruments
  • Use of Retractors
  • Suction Use
  • Tissue Dissection and Manipulation
  • Suturing
  • Knot Tying
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • 18 Surgical Hemostasis
  • Hemostatic Agents
  • References
  • 19 Bandages and Drains
  • Bandages
  • Drains
  • References
  • 20 Biopsy General Principles
  • Biopsy Methods
  • Specific Tissues
  • Tissue Processing
  • References
  • 21 Anesthesia Principles and Monitoring
  • Anesthesia Principles and Monitoring
  • Anesthetic Circuits
  • Anesthetic Drugs
  • Pressors and Inotropes
  • References
  • 22 Anesthesia Practice for Existing Conditions
  • Anesthetic Practice
  • Anesthesia of Pets With Preexisting Conditions
  • Renal Disease
  • Sepsis
  • Aggression
  • Anesthesia for Specific Procedures
  • Orthopedic Procedures
  • Dental Procedures
  • Total Ear Canal Ablation
  • Ophthalmologic Procedures
  • Laser Surgery
  • Anesthetic Complications
  • Postoperative Care
  • References
  • 23 Fundamentals of Interventional Radiology and Interventional Endoscopy
  • Interventional Radiology/Interventional Endoscopy
  • Equipment
  • Interventional Radiology/Interventional Endoscopy Instruments
  • Laser
  • References
  • 24 Fundamentals of Laparoscopy and Thoracoscopy
  • Equipment
  • Miscellaneous Instruments
  • Principles of Access
  • References
  • 25 Introduction to Oncologic Surgery for the General Surgeon
  • The Origin and Progression of Cancer
  • Client Education and Communication
  • Surgical Limits
  • Patient Assessment and Staging
  • Patient Approach
  • Surgical Principles
  • Multimodal Management
  • Follow-Up Evaluation
  • References
  • Section III Neurosurgery
  • 26 Neurologic Examination and Neuroanatomic Diagnosis
  • The Neurologic Examination
  • Neuroanatomic Diagnosis
  • References
  • 27 Neurodiagnostics
  • Anatomy of the Motor Unit
  • Classification of Neuromuscular Disorders
  • Clinical Signs of Neuromuscular Disorders
  • Diagnosis of Neuromuscular Disorders
  • References
  • 28 Imaging of the Neurologic System
  • Advantages and Limitations of Neuroimaging Modalities
  • Fundamentals of Computed Tomography and Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Interpretation of Computed Tomography and Magnetic Resonance Images
  • References
  • 29 Pathogenesis and Physiology of Central Nervous System Disease and Injury
  • Background
  • Lesion Pathogenesis
  • Consequences of Tissue Destruction for Central Nervous System Organization
  • Recovery After Injury to the Central Nervous System
  • References
  • 30 Medical Conditions of the Vertebral Column and Spinal Cord
  • Classification of Disorders of the Vertebral Column and Spinal Cord
  • Overview of Diagnostics for Disorders of the Vertebral Column and Spinal Cord
  • Differential Diagnosis for Disorders of the Vertebral Column and Spinal Cord
  • Meningomyelitis
  • Vascular Disorders
  • Summary
  • References
  • References
  • 31 Cervical Vertebral Column and Spinal Cord
  • Clinical Signs and Neurologic Examination of Animals With Cervical Spinal Cord Disease
  • Differential Diagnosis of Cervical Spinal Cord Disease
  • Diagnostic Approach to Cervical Spinal Cord Disease
  • Surgical Approaches to the Cervical Vertebral Column
  • Atlantoaxial Instability
  • Brachial Plexus Trauma
  • Intervertebral Disc Disease
  • Cervical Spondylomyelopathy
  • Extradural Synovial Cysts
  • References
  • 32 Thoracolumbar Vertebral Column
  • Thoracolumbar Vertebral Column Anatomy
  • Approaches to the Thoracolumbar Vertebral Column
  • Approaches to the Thoracolumbar Spinal Cord
  • Thoracolumbar Vertebral Column Imaging
  • Traditional Imaging Modalities
  • Cross-Sectional Imaging Modalities
  • Cerebrospinal Fluid Analysis
  • Thoracolumbar Intervertebral Disc Herniation
  • Medical Management
  • Emerging Medical Therapy for Spinal Cord Injury in Dogs With Thoracolumbar Intervertebral Disc Herniation
  • Surgical Management
  • Postoperative Management
  • Additional Considerations for Postoperative Care
  • Management of the Case of “Surgical Failure”
  • Conclusions and Future Directions
  • Miscellaneous Vertebral Column and Spinal Cord Conditions
  • Congenital/Developmental Malformations
  • References
  • 33 Degenerative Lumbosacral Stenosis
  • Anatomy of the Lumbosacral Articulation and Cauda Equina
  • Pathophysiology of Degenerative Lumbosacral Stenosis
  • Patient Signalment and Clinical Signs of Degenerative Lumbosacral Stenosis
  • Differential Diagnosis of Degenerative Lumbosacral Stenosis
  • Diagnosis of Degenerative Lumbosacral Stenosis
  • Medical Treatment of Degenerative Lumbosacral Stenosis
  • Surgical Treatment of Degenerative Lumbosacral Stenosis
  • Outcome and Prognosis
  • References
  • 34 Vertebral Fractures, Luxations, and Subluxations
  • Assessment and Diagnosis
  • Biomechanical Considerations
  • Treatment
  • Postoperative Care
  • Complications
  • Prognosis
  • References
  • 35 Cranial Surgery
  • Introduction
  • Intracranial Physiology
  • Preoperative Considerations
  • Operative Considerations
  • Postoperative Considerations
  • Specific Surgical Indications
  • References
  • 36 Anesthesia for Intracranial Surgery
  • Physiology
  • Pharmacology in Neuroanesthesia
  • Anesthesia Management for Neurosurgery
  • References
  • 37 Neoplasms of the Vertebrae and Spinal Cord
  • Signalment
  • Clinical Signs
  • Diagnosis
  • Neoplasm Location
  • Diagnostic Testing
  • Treatment
  • Specific Neoplasm Types
  • References
  • Section IV Musculoskeletal System
  • 38 Tissues of the Musculoskeletal System
  • General Organizational Features of Connective Tissues
  • General Features of the Musculoskeletal System
  • Components of the Extracellular Matrix
  • Composition and Properties of Specific Connective Tissues
  • References
  • 39 Bone Biomechanics and Fracture Biology
  • Biomechanical Concepts and Application
  • Bone Structure and Mechanical Properties of Bone
  • Bone Formation During Skeletal Development
  • Fracture Biomechanics
  • Fracture Biology
  • Acknowledgments
  • Glossary
  • References
  • 40 Open Fractures
  • Fracture Classification
  • Wound Treatment
  • Antimicrobial Therapy
  • Initial Surgical Debridement
  • Definitive Surgical Treatment
  • Complications
  • References
  • 41 Internal Fracture Fixation
  • Fracture Reduction Planning
  • Orthopedic Wire
  • Interlocking Nails
  • Screws and Plates
  • Principles of Locking Plates and Screws
  • Bone Plating
  • Plate-Rod
  • References
  • 42 External Skeletal Fixation
  • Introduction
  • Implants
  • Guidelines and Techniques of Application
  • Specific Clinical Applications
  • Complications
  • References
  • 43 Overview of Minimally Invasive Osteosynthesis Principles
  • Historical Perspective
  • Preoperative Planning in Minimally Invasive Osteosynthesis
  • Surgical Techniques in Minimally Invasive Osteosynthesis
  • Dedicated Instrumentation in Minimally Invasive Osteosynthesis
  • Biomechanical Concepts Applied to Minimally Invasive Osteosynthesis
  • Outcome of Minimally Invasive Osteosynthesis
  • Conversion to Open Techniques
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • 44 Bandaging, External Coaptation, and External Devices for Companion Animals
  • Introduction
  • The Rationale for Bandaging
  • Orthoses
  • Exoprostheses
  • Surgically Implanted Prostheses
  • References
  • 45 Delayed Unions, Nonunions, and Malunions
  • General Causes of Delayed Union, Nonunion, and Malunion
  • Delayed Unions
  • Nonunion
  • Malunions
  • Other Methods for Treatment of Nonunion and Delayed Union Fractures
  • References
  • 46 Principles of Angular Limb Deformity Correction
  • Introduction
  • Normal Limb Alignment and Joint Orientation
  • The Center of Rotation of Angulation Method of Deformity Correction Planning
  • Malalignment in the Frontal, Sagittal, and Transverse Planes
  • Concepts of Osteotomies
  • Methods of Fixation
  • References
  • 47 Osteomyelitis and Implant-Associated Infections
  • Introduction
  • Etiology
  • Pathogenesis
  • Clinical Signs and Diagnosis
  • Treatment
  • Prevention
  • References
  • 48 Bone Grafts and Substitutes
  • Mesenchymal Stem Cells
  • Growth Factors
  • Gene Therapy
  • Clinical Application of Bone Graft Techniques
  • Autogenous Cancellous Bone Grafts
  • Healing of Autogenous Cancellous Bone Grafts
  • Allograft-Based Bone Graft Substitutes
  • Healing of Cortical Allografts
  • Demineralized Bone Matrix
  • Cell-Based Strategies for Bone Regeneration
  • Bone Morphogenetic Proteins for Augmentation of Bone Regeneration
  • Synthetic Materials for Bone Graft Substitutes
  • Acknowledgment
  • References
  • 49 Scapula Fractures
  • Scapular Body Fractures
  • Fractures of the Acromion
  • Scapular Neck Fractures
  • Supraglenoid Tuberosity and Glenoid Fractures
  • Scapular Luxation/Avulsion
  • Ununited Accessory Ossification Center of the Caudal Glenoid
  • References
  • 50 The Shoulder
  • Anatomy
  • Biomechanical Physiology
  • Diagnosis of Shoulder Disorders
  • Salvage Procedures of the Shoulder
  • Conditions Affecting the Bones of the Shoulder
  • Conditions Affecting the Soft Tissues of the Shoulder
  • References
  • 51 Fractures of the Humerus
  • Anatomy
  • Fractures of the Humerus in the Dog and Cat
  • Prognosis and Aftercare Following Repair of a Fractured Humerus
  • References
  • 52 Surgical Diseases of the Elbow
  • Anatomy
  • Traumatic Luxation of the Elbow Joint
  • Congenital Luxation of the Elbow Joint
  • Developmental Elbow Disease
  • Acknowledgment
  • References
  • 53 Total Elbow Replacement in Dogs
  • Introduction: History of Total Elbow Replacement
  • Current Systems: Design Rationale and Evolution
  • Indications/Contraindications
  • Preoperative Evaluation
  • Surgical Techniques
  • Postoperative Evaluation and Management
  • Clinical Outcome: Complications
  • Limitations of Total Elbow Replacement
  • References
  • 54 Radius and Ulna
  • Anatomy and Development
  • Pathologic Conditions
  • References
  • 55 Carpus, Metacarpus, and Digits
  • Anatomy
  • Function
  • Carpal Fractures
  • Fractures—Distal Limb
  • Ligamentous and Shearing Injuries
  • Arthrodesis of the Carpus
  • Nontraumatic Distal Thoracic Limb Conditions
  • References
  • 56 Fractures of the Pelvis
  • Fractures of the Ilium
  • Acetabular Fractures
  • Combined Iliac and Acetabular Fractures
  • Sacroiliac Luxation
  • Sacral Fracture
  • Fractures of the Ischium and Pubis
  • Postoperative Care
  • References
  • 57 Hip Luxation
  • Anatomy
  • Etiology and Pathophysiology
  • Diagnosis
  • Treatment
  • Postoperative Care
  • Outcome
  • References
  • 58 Pathogenesis, Diagnosis, and Control of Canine Hip Dysplasia
  • Etiology and Pathogenesis
  • Signalment and History
  • Physical Examination
  • Imaging Examination
  • Controling Canine Hip Dysplasia
  • Nonsurgical Management of Canine Hip Dysplasia
  • References
  • 59 Surgical Management of Hip Dysplasia
  • Considering the Surgical Options
  • Juvenile Pubic Symphysiodesis
  • Pelvic Osteotomy
  • Total Hip Arthroplasty
  • Femoral Head and Neck Excision
  • Hip Denervation
  • Pectineus Myectomy
  • References
  • 60 Fractures of the Femur
  • Introduction
  • Fracture Classification
  • Surgical Planning
  • Proximal Region of the Femur
  • Femoral Diaphysis
  • Distal Region of the Femur
  • References
  • 61 Stifle Joint
  • Osteotomy Procedures
  • References
  • 62 Total Knee Replacement in the Dog
  • Introduction
  • Design Considerations
  • Case Selection for Total Knee Replacement
  • Preoperative Evaluation
  • Operative Procedure
  • Postoperative Care
  • Clinical Results After Total Knee Replacement
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • 63 Fractures of the Tibia and Fibula
  • Anatomy
  • Fracture Epidemiology
  • Preoperative Management
  • Fractures of the Proximal Region of the Tibia
  • Fractures of the Diaphysis
  • Fractures of the Distal Region of the Tibia
  • Complications
  • Tibial Deformity
  • Acknowledgment
  • References
  • 64 Tarsus and Metatarsus
  • Anatomy
  • Clinical Evaluation of the Tarsus
  • Diagnostic Imaging of the Tarsus
  • Fractures of the Individual Tarsal Bones
  • Tarsal Luxations and Subluxations
  • Deformity of the Tarsus
  • Tendon Problems
  • Arthrodesis Techniques in the Tarsus
  • References
  • 65 Amputations
  • Introduction
  • Surgical Techniques
  • Partial Limb Amputation
  • Partial Foot Amputation
  • Tail Amputation
  • References
  • 66 Dentistry for the Surgeon
  • Oral Examination
  • Dental Radiography
  • Local and Regional Anesthesia
  • Periodontal Disease
  • Endodontic Disease
  • Tooth Resorption
  • Stomatitis
  • Tooth Extraction
  • Jaw Fractures
  • References
  • 67 Mandibular and Maxillofacial Fractures
  • Anatomic and Biologic Considerations
  • Biomechanics
  • General Anesthesia
  • Surgical Approach
  • Fixation Techniques
  • Postoperative Care
  • Complications
  • Summary
  • References
  • 68 Arthritis
  • Introduction and Classification of Arthritis
  • “Noninflammatory” Types of Arthritis
  • Inflammatory Types of Arthritis
  • References
  • 69 Miscellaneous Orthopedic Conditions
  • Constitutional Bone and Cartilage Diseases
  • Pediatric Bone Diseases
  • Metabolic Bone Diseases
  • Adult Bone Diseases
  • Miscellaneous Orthopedic Diseases
  • References
  • 70 Muscle and Tendon Disorders
  • Disorders of Muscle
  • General Principles of Treatment
  • Muscle Injuries in the Thoracic Limb
  • Muscle Injuries in the Pelvic Limb
  • Muscle Contracture and Fibrotic Myopathy
  • Disorders of Tendons
  • References
  • 71 Arthroscopy
  • Equipment
  • Basic Techniques of Small-Animal Arthroscopy
  • Arthroscopy of the Shoulder Joint
  • Arthroscopy of the Elbow Joint
  • Arthroscopy of the Carpus
  • Arthroscopy of the Hip Joint
  • Arthroscopy of the Stifle Joint
  • Arthroscopy of the Tarsus
  • References
  • 72 Musculoskeletal Neoplasia and Limb-Sparing Surgery
  • Osteosarcoma
  • Appendicular Chondrosarcoma in Dogs
  • Appendicular Osteosarcoma in Cats
  • Neoplasms of the Joint
  • Neoplasms of Muscle
  • Neoplasms of the Adipose Tissue
  • Neoplasms of the Digits
  • Neoplasms of the Digits in Cats
  • References
  • 73 Osteochondrosis
  • Definition and Classification
  • Epidemiology
  • Skeletal Development
  • Etiology and Risk Factors
  • Pathogenesis and Pathology
  • Principles of Osteochondrosis Diagnosis
  • Principles of Osteochondrosis Prevention
  • Principles of Osteochondrosis Treatment
  • Surgical Management of Articular Cartilage Defects
  • Summary
  • References
  • 74 Gait Analysis
  • Gait and the Gait Cycle
  • Kinetic Gait Analysis
  • Kinematic Gait Analysis
  • References
  • Volume 2
  • Section V Skin and Reconstruction
  • 75 Primary Wound Closure
  • Skin Anatomy
  • Skin Physiology
  • Skin Pathophysiology
  • Primary Wound Creation
  • Patient Selection for Primary Wound Closure
  • Primary Wound Closure Techniques
  • Primary Wound Closure Challenges
  • Postoperative Care
  • References
  • 76 Open Wounds
  • Pathophysiology
  • Types of Wounds
  • Goals of Wound Management and Wound Classification
  • Types of Wound Management
  • Immediate Wound Care
  • Definitive Wound Care
  • References
  • 77 Tension-Relieving Techniques
  • Tension, Shear, and Viscoelasticity
  • Decision Making and Planning
  • Preparation for Surgery
  • Techniques for Relieving Tension
  • Closing Variously Shaped Wounds
  • References
  • 78 Local or Subdermal Plexus Flaps
  • Anatomy and Physiology
  • Patient Preparation
  • Guidelines for Flap Development
  • Types of Subdermal Plexus Flaps
  • Examples of Subdermal Plexus Flaps
  • Complications of Subdermal Plexus Flaps
  • References
  • 79 Axial Pattern and Myocutaneous Flaps
  • Anatomy
  • Advantages and Disadvantages
  • Species Differences
  • General Considerations for Reconstructive Flaps
  • Specific Axial Pattern Flaps
  • Management of Necrotic Flaps
  • References
  • 80 Skin Grafts
  • General Considerations
  • Surgical Principles
  • Types of Grafts
  • References
  • 81 Burns
  • Burn Injuries
  • Pathophysiology: The Inflammatory Response
  • Burn Treatment
  • Chemical Burns
  • Electrical Burns
  • Frostbite
  • References
  • 82 Specific Disorders of the Skin and Subcutaneous Tissues
  • Tumor Surgery of the Skin
  • Lymphatic System
  • Neoplastic Skin Disorders
  • Miscellaneous Skin Conditions
  • References
  • Section VI Abdomen
  • 83 Spleen
  • Anatomy
  • Physiology
  • Pathology
  • Diagnostic Imaging Techniques
  • Diagnostic Sampling
  • Perioperative Considerations
  • Surgical Techniques
  • Surgical Conditions of the Spleen
  • Postoperative Complications
  • References
  • 84 Abdominal Wall Reconstruction and Hernias
  • Definitions, Classifications, and Hernia Components
  • Anatomy of the Abdominal Wall
  • Location of Abdominal Hernias
  • Pathophysiology of Abdominal Hernias
  • Incarceration
  • Principles of Abdominal Hernia Repair
  • Surgical Conditions
  • Reconstruction of Large Abdominal Wall Defects
  • General Hernia Repair Complications
  • References
  • 85 Diaphragmatic Hernias
  • Anatomy
  • Embryology
  • Physiology
  • Surgical Approaches
  • Hernias
  • Diaphragmatic Eventration
  • References
  • 86 Peritoneum and Retroperitoneum
  • Embryology
  • Anatomy
  • Physiology
  • Healing of Peritoneal Injury
  • Pathophysiology
  • Peritonitis Classifications
  • Other Peritoneal Disorders
  • Retroperitoneal Diseases
  • Sinus Tracts
  • Mesothelioma
  • References
  • Section VII Digestive System
  • 87 Soft Tissues of the Oral Cavity
  • Functional Anatomy and Physiology
  • General Considerations
  • Disorders of the Lips and Cheeks
  • Disorders of the Tongue
  • Disorders of the Oropharynx
  • Disorders of the Tonsils
  • References
  • 88 Salivary Glands
  • Anatomy
  • Physiology
  • Nonsurgical Salivary Gland Disease
  • Surgical Salivary Gland Disease
  • Surgical Techniques
  • References
  • 89 Mandibulectomy and Maxillectomy
  • Anatomy
  • Canine Oral Tumors
  • Feline Oral Tumors
  • Mandibular Regeneration and Immediate Reconstruction
  • References
  • 90 Esophagus
  • Anatomy
  • Physiology of Swallowing
  • Esophageal Pathophysiology
  • General Surgical Principles
  • Surgical Techniques
  • Diseases of the Esophagus
  • References
  • 91 Stomach
  • Anatomy
  • Physiology
  • Presurgical Preparation
  • General Surgical Principles
  • General Surgical Techniques
  • General Postoperative Considerations
  • Specific Diseases
  • References
  • 92 Small Intestine
  • Anatomy
  • Physiology
  • General Principles
  • Surgical Procedures
  • Postoperative Complications
  • Surgical Diseases
  • References
  • 93 Colon
  • Anatomy
  • Physiology
  • Healing of the Colon
  • Techniques for Colonic Wound Closure
  • Perioperative Considerations
  • Postoperative Management
  • Surgical Procedures and Complications
  • Diseases of the Cecum
  • Diseases of the Colon
  • References
  • 94 Rectum, Anus, and Perineum
  • Anatomy,
  • Patient Preparation and Antibiotic Therapy
  • Surgical Approaches to the Rectum
  • Congenital Abnormalities of the Rectum and Anus
  • Anal and Rectal Prolapse
  • Tumors of the Anus, Perineum, and Rectum
  • Rectal Perforation
  • Anorectal Strictures
  • Surgical Options for Fecal Incontinence
  • Anal Sac Abnormalities
  • Perianal Fistula
  • Perineal Hernia
  • References
  • 95 Liver and Biliary System
  • Anatomy
  • Physiology
  • Pathophysiology
  • Hepatobiliary Imaging
  • Preoperative Considerations for Hepatic Surgery
  • Hemorrhage Control During Hepatic Surgery
  • Hepatic Surgical Procedures
  • Preoperative Considerations for Extrahepatic Biliary Tract Surgery
  • Extrahepatic Biliary Tract Surgery
  • Specific Diseases
  • Hepatobiliary Neoplasia
  • References
  • 96 Hepatic Vascular Anomalies
  • Anatomy
  • Embryology
  • Classification and Epidemiology
  • Pathophysiology
  • Diagnostic Evaluation
  • Clinical Diagnosis
  • Diagnostic Imaging
  • Differential Diagnoses
  • Treatment
  • Preoperative Medical Stabilization
  • Surgical Treatment for Congenital Portosystemic Shunts
  • Postoperative Management After Portosystemic Shunt Attenuation
  • Complications Associated With Surgical Shunt Attenuation
  • Prognosis for Congenital Portosystemic Shunts Treated Surgically
  • Surgical Treatment of Hepatic Arteriovenous Malformations
  • Interventional Radiology Techniques
  • Multiple Acquired Extrahepatic Portosystemic Shunts
  • References
  • 97 Pancreas
  • Anatomy
  • Physiology
  • Anesthetic Considerations
  • Specific Surgical Procedures
  • Postoperative Care
  • Diseases
  • References
  • 98 Feeding Tubes
  • Methods of Delivering Enteral Nutrition
  • Tube Feeding: Specifics
  • References
  • Section VIII Respiratory System
  • 99 Nasal Planum, Nasal Cavity, and Sinuses
  • Anatomy
  • Physiology
  • Diagnostic Approach
  • Diseases of the Nasal Planum
  • Diseases of the Nose and Sinuses
  • Diseases of the Nasopharynx
  • Surgical Techniques
  • References
  • 100 Palate
  • Embryology
  • Anatomy
  • Physiology
  • Palate Defects
  • Overlong Soft Palate
  • References
  • 101 Larynx
  • Anatomy
  • Physiology
  • Laryngeal Neoplasia
  • Laryngeal Collapse
  • Laryngeal Paralysis
  • Devocalization
  • Miscellaneous Laryngeal Conditions
  • Epiglottic Conditions
  • References
  • 102 Trachea and Bronchi
  • Anatomy
  • Physiology
  • Diagnostics
  • Techniques: General
  • Specific Conditions
  • References
  • 103 Lungs
  • Anatomy
  • Pulmonary Physiology
  • Postoperative Monitoring
  • Surgical Approaches
  • Specific Conditions
  • Surgical Techniques
  • References
  • Section IX Thorax
  • 104 Thoracic Wall
  • Anatomy
  • Physiology and Pathophysiology
  • Surgical Approaches to the Thorax
  • Surgical Conditions of the Thoracic Wall
  • Postoperative Care
  • References
  • 105 Thoracic Cavity
  • Anatomy
  • Physiology
  • Pathophysiology
  • Clinical Signs of Intrapleural Disease
  • Diagnostic Imaging
  • Thoracocentesis
  • Presurgical Considerations
  • Anesthetic Considerations
  • Thoracostomy Tube
  • General Surgical Principles
  • Postoperative Management
  • Specific Conditions
  • References
  • Section X Cardiovascular System
  • 106 Cardiac Surgery
  • Anatomy
  • Physiology
  • Preoperative Considerations
  • Anesthesia
  • General Surgical Principles
  • Strategies for Cardiac Surgery
  • Surgical Conditions of the Heart
  • Pacemaker Therapy
  • References
  • 107 Pericardial Surgery
  • Anatomy
  • Function of the Pericardium
  • Pathophysiology of Cardiac Tamponade
  • Congenital Pericardial Disease
  • Acquired Pericardial Diseases
  • References
  • 108 Vascular Surgery
  • Anatomy and Physiology
  • General Vascular and Microvascular Surgery
  • Endovascular Surgery
  • References
  • Section XI Urogenital System
  • 109 Ovaries and Uterus
  • Anatomy and Physiology
  • Surgery
  • Disorders of the Ovary
  • Disorders of the Uterus
  • References
  • 110 Vagina, Vestibule, and Vulva
  • Embryology
  • Anatomy and Physiology
  • Diagnostic Evaluation
  • Surgical Approaches
  • Congenital Anomalies
  • Acquired Conditions
  • References
  • 111 Testes, Epididymides, and Scrotum
  • Anatomy
  • Physiology and Histology
  • Disorders
  • Sterilization
  • Surgical Techniques
  • Surgical Complications
  • References
  • 112 Penis and Prepuce
  • Anatomy
  • Physiology
  • Specific Disorders
  • References
  • 113 Prostate
  • Anatomy of the Canine Prostate
  • Physiology
  • Diagnostic Approach to Prostatic Disease in the Dog
  • Diseases of the Canine Prostate
  • Prostatic Surgery in the Dog
  • The Feline Prostate
  • References
  • 114 Kidneys
  • Gross Anatomy
  • Physiology
  • Perioperative Management
  • Abnormalities of the Kidney
  • Surgical Techniques
  • References
  • 115 Ureters
  • Anatomy
  • Ureteral Obstruction
  • Surgical Techniques
  • References
  • 116 Bladder
  • Anatomy
  • Bladder Surgery Principles
  • Diagnostic Techniques
  • Surgical Techniques
  • Surgical Bladder Conditions
  • References
  • 117 Urethra
  • Anatomy
  • Patient Evaluation
  • Surgical Principles
  • Surgical Procedures
  • Congenital Disorders of the Urethra
  • Acquired Disorders
  • References
  • 118 Sphincter Mechanism Incontinence
  • Physiologic Control of Continence
  • Pathophysiology
  • Diagnostic Assessment
  • Treatment
  • References
  • 119 Renal Transplant
  • Indications
  • Client Education
  • Evaluation of a Potential Recipient
  • Evaluation of a Potential Donor
  • Preoperative Treatment
  • Feline Immunosuppression
  • Canine Immunosuppression
  • Anesthetic Protocols for Recipient and Donor
  • Surgery
  • Postoperative Care and Perioperative Complications
  • Long-Term Management and Complications
  • References
  • Section XII Endocrine System
  • 120 Adrenal Glands
  • Anatomy
  • Physiology,,
  • Identification of an Adrenal Mass
  • Diagnosis of Functional Adrenal Tumors
  • Perioperative Management
  • Surgery
  • References
  • 121 Thyroid and Parathyroid Glands
  • Anatomy45
  • Physiology
  • Feline Hyperthyroidism
  • Canine Thyroid Tumors
  • Canine Hypothyroidism
  • Hyperparathyroidism
  • References
  • Section XIII Ear
  • 122 Pinna and External Ear Canal
  • Anatomy
  • Conditions Affecting the Pinna
  • Conditions Affecting the External Ear Canal
  • Investigation of External Ear Conditions
  • Perioperative Considerations
  • Surgery of the Pinna
  • Surgery of the External Ear
  • Prognosis for Various Conditions After Ear Surgery
  • References
  • 123 Middle and Inner Ear
  • Anatomy of the Middle Ear
  • Physiology of the Middle Ear
  • Anatomy of the Inner Ear
  • Physiology of the Inner Ear
  • Pathophysiology of Middle and Inner Ear Disease
  • Presentation
  • Diagnosis
  • Medical Treatment of Middle Ear Disease
  • Surgery
  • References
  • Section XIV Eye
  • 124 Basic Ophthalmic Surgical Procedures
  • Perioperative Considerations
  • Eyelids
  • Nasolacrimal System
  • Conjunctiva
  • Nictitating Membrane
  • Cornea
  • Orbit
  • Surgical Procedures for Globe Removal
  • References
  • 125 Emergency Ophthalmic Surgery
  • Adenexa
  • Corneal Reconstruction
  • Corneal and Scleral Lacerations
  • Corneal Foreign Bodies
  • Lens Luxation
  • Proptosis
  • Glaucoma
  • References
  • Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 2600
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Saunders 2017
  • Published: June 14, 2017
  • Imprint: Saunders
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323320498
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780323320658

About the Authors

Spencer Johnston

Dr. Johnston graduated from the University of Pennsylvania in 1986. After completing an internship at the University of Georgia and a small animal surgical residency at Michigan State University, he joined the faculty at the Virginia-Maryland Regional College of Veterinary Medicine at Virginia Tech in 1990.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor, Dept. of Small Animal Medicine and Surgery,College of Veterinary Medicine University of Georgia

Karen Tobias

Karen Tobias and Spencer Johnston are both strong academicians with notable clinical experience and with significant service to the American College of Veterinary Surgeons (ACVS). Both Tobias and Johnston have served on multiple committees within the ACVS, and Dr. Tobias is a past member of the Board of Regents. The coeditors have enlisted notable contributors who provide their expertise on all surgical content. Dr. Johnston is responsible for the sections in Volume I titled surgical biology; surgical methods and perioperative care; orthopedic surgery; and neurosurgery; Dr. Tobias is responsible for all soft tissue surgery content in Volume II.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor, Dept. of Small Animal Surgery,College of Veterinary Medicine,The University of Tennessee

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