Lignin in Polymer Composites

Lignin in Polymer Composites

1st Edition - October 24, 2015

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  • Authors: Omar Faruk, Mohini Sain
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323355667
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780323355650

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Lignin in Polymer Composites presents the latest information on lignin, a natural polymer derived from renewable resources that has great potential as a reinforcement material in composites because it is non-toxic, inexpensive, available in large amounts, and is starting to be deployed in various materials applications due to its advantages over more traditional oil-based materials. This book reviews the state-of-the-art on the topic and their applications to composites, including thermoplastic, thermosets, rubber, foams, bioplastics, nanocomposites, and lignin-based carbon fiber composites. In addition, the book covers critical assessments on the economics of lignin, including a cost-performance analysis that discusses its strengths and weaknesses as a reinforcement material. Finally, the huge potential applications of lignin in industry are explored with respect to its low cost, recyclable properties, and fully biodegradable composites, and the way they apply to the automotive, construction, and packaging industries.

Key Features

  • Reviews the state-of-the-art on the topic and their applications to composites, including thermoplastic, thermosets, rubber, foams, bioplastics, nanocomposites, and lignin-based carbon fiber composites
  • Presents the essential processing and properties information for engineers and materials scientists, enabling the use of lignin in composites
  • Provides critical insight into the applications and future trends of lignin-based composites, including advantages, shortcomings, and economics
  • Includes a thorough coverage of extraction, modification, processing, and applications of the material


Lignin manufacturers, material engineers/scientists, plastic part designers, process designers and fabricators, and polymer manufacturers.
Professors and researchers in polymer composites and biomaterials research groups.

Table of Contents

    • Dedication
    • Editor's Biography
    • Preface
    • 1. Sources of Lignin
      • 1. Introduction to Lignin
      • 2. Lignin Functions
      • 3. Sources of Lignin
      • 4. Lignin Potential
    • 2. Extraction and Types of Lignin
      • 1. Introduction
      • 2. Commercial-Grade Lignins
      • 3. Conclusions
    • 3. Lignin Interunit Linkages and Model Compounds
      • 1. Introduction
      • 2. Common Linkages
      • 3. Model Structure of Lignin
      • 4. Model Compounds of Lignin
      • 5. Advanced Characterization Technique
      • 6. Conclusions
    • 4. Techniques for Characterizing Lignin
      • 1. Introduction
      • 2. Lignin Structure
      • 3. Molecular Weight
      • 4. Chemical Structure Characterization
      • 5. Thermal Properties
      • 6. Mechanical Properties
      • 7. Sources of Further Information
    • 5. Lignin-Based Aerogels
      • 1. Introduction
      • 2. State-of-the-Art Aerogel Technologies
      • 3. Lignin-Based Composite Aerogels
      • 4. Characterization of Aerogels
      • 5. Applications
      • 6. Conclusions and Outlook
    • 6. Lignin Reinforcement in Thermoplastic Composites
      • 1. Introduction
      • 2. Lignin in Thermoplastic Composites and Blends
      • 3. Conclusion
    • 7. Lignin Reinforcement in Thermosets Composites
      • 1. Introduction
      • 2. PF Resins
      • 3. Lignin-Based PUs
      • 4. Lignin-Modified EP Resins
      • 5. Miscellaneous
      • 6. Summary
    • 8. Lignin Reinforcement in Bioplastic Composites
      • 1. Introduction
      • 2. Processing of Lignin-Based Green Composites
      • 3. Performance of Composites
      • 4. Conclusions
    • 9. Lignin-Based Composite Carbon Nanofibers
      • 1. Introduction
      • 2. Fabrication of Lignin-Based Composite Carbon Nanofibers
      • 3. Properties of Lignin-Based Composite Carbon Nanofibers
      • 4. Applications of Lignin-Based Carbon Nanofibers
      • 5. Conclusions/Future Directions
    • 10. Lignin-Reinforced Rubber Composites
      • 1. An Introduction to Lignin
      • 2. Lignin in Rubber Products
    • 11. Lignin-Derived Carbon Fibers
      • 1. Introduction
      • 2. Processing
      • 3. Applications
      • 4. Microstructured Carbon Fiber Mats
      • 5. Conclusions and Future Perspectives
    • 12. Lignin-Based Foaming Materials
      • 1. Introduction
      • 2. Lignin-Based PU Foams
      • 3. Lignin-Phenolic Foams
      • 4. Lignin in Starch Foams
      • 5. Lignin as a Reinforcing Agent
      • 6. Lignin-Based Foams: Challenges and Future Trends
    • 13. Applications of Lignin Materials and Their Composites (Lignin Applications in Various Industrial Sectors, Future Trends of Lignin and Their Composites)
      • 1. Introduction
      • 2. Processing of Lignin Matrix Composites
      • 3. Engineered Parts from Lignin Matrix Composites
      • 4. Further Applications
      • 5. Future Trends and Conclusions
    • Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 350
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © William Andrew 2015
  • Published: October 24, 2015
  • Imprint: William Andrew
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323355667
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780323355650

About the Authors

Omar Faruk

Dr. Omar Faruk works at Powertrain Engineering Research & Development Centre of Ford Motor Company, Canada. He is also acting as an Adjunct Professor at the Centre for Biocomposites and Biomaterials Processing, University of Toronto, Canada. He achieved his PhD in Mechanical Engineering from the University of Kassel, Germany and was previously Visiting Research Associate at Michigan State University, USA. He has more than 85 publications to his credit including 12 book chapters which have been published in different international journals and conferences. He has also edited 3 books, entitled "Lightweight and Sustainable Materials for Automotive Applications", "Biofiber Reinforcement in Composite Materials" and "Lignin in Polymer Composites" published by CRC press, Woodhead Publishing Ltd and Elsevier Ltd respectively. In addition, he is an invited reviewer for 72 international reputed journals, government research proposals, and book proposals.

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Toronto, Canada

Mohini Sain

Prof. Mohini Sain is a professor at the Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, University of Toronto. He specializes in advanced nancellulose technology, biocomposites and bio-nanocomposites. He is cross-appointed to the Department of Chemical Engineering and Applied Chemistry. He is a fellow of the Royal Society of Chemistry, UK. He is also an adjunct professor of the Chemical Engineering Departments at the University of New Brunswick, Canada; King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah Saudi Arabia; University of Guelph, Canada, University of Lulea, Sweden, Honorary Professor at Slovak Technical University and Institute of Environmental Science at the University of Toronto and collaborates with American and European research institutes and universities. Prof. Sain holds several awards; few recent ones are Plastic Innovation Award and KALEV PUGI Award for his innovation and contribution to Industry. Author of more than 400 papers and designated as a “hi-cited” researcher by Reuter Thompson, Prof. Sain hugely contributed to the society at large by translating research to commercialization. He has tens of patents and is world known for his expertise to transform research ideas into commercialization.

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Toronto, Canada

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