Life-Span Developmental Psychology

Life-Span Developmental Psychology

Dialectical Perspectives on Experimental Research

1st Edition - January 28, 1977

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  • Editors: Nancy Datan, Hayne W. Reese
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483265773

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Life-Span Developmental Psychology: Dialectical Perspectives on Experimental Research is a compilation of papers that deals with the dialectical perspective focusing on the developmental process of the individual's interaction with the environment. Part 1 discusses the theoretical issues of psychological theorists such as Piaget and Kaplan. The text includes topics such as the dialectics of time and post-Newtonian metatheory for psychologists. One paper discusses the dialectic method and theory in the work of psychology as social proof structures, particularly when systems of action cause conflict with systems of thought. The text analyzes research versus theory through the Wundt-Titchener Laboratory example. Another paper addresses the status of dialectics in developmental psychology using the approach of theoretical orientation versus the scientific method. Part 2 presents research applications covering topics such as the phenomenological and a behavioral approach to remembering, as well as ""remembering"" in empiricism. Another paper addresses the dialectical perspectives of discriminative learning and transfer that includes both theory and research done on discriminative performance. This book will prove valuable for psychologists, behavioral therapists and researchers, and students in behavioral psychology.

Table of Contents

  • List of Contributors




    Theoretical Issues

    1. The Dialectics of Time

    I. On the History of the Concepts of Space and Time

    II. The Multiple Bases of Time: Time as Energy

    III. The Interactive Determination of Time: Time as Transformation

    IV. The Analyses of Event Sequences: Time as Construction

    V. The Structure of Event Sequences


    2. After the Apple: Post-Newtonian Metatheory for Jaded Psychologists

    I. Quantum Mechanics: The Temptation and the Fall

    II. The Seasons of Man: Toward an Organic Model of Time

    III. Epigenesis Reconsidered: Biological Imperatives and Cultural Alternatives

    IV. Dialectical Psychology: A Problem in the Sociology of Knowledge

    V. Conclusion: The Fruits of Antithesis


    3. Social Proof Structures: The Dialectic of Method and Theory in the Work of Psychology

    I. Introduction

    II. Research versus Theory in the Wundt-Titchener Laboratory

    III. Some Control Cases

    IV. The Pluralization of Psychology

    V. The Principle of Proof versus the Principle of Consistency

    VI. The Dialectic between Paradigms

    VII. The Movements of Psychology


    4. Behaviorism, Cognitive Psychology, and the Active Organism

    I. Introduction

    II. Methodological Behaviorism

    III. Conditioning Theories

    IV. Cognitive Psychology

    V. Active and Reactive Organisms

    VI. The Rejection of Theories

    VII. Summary


    5. Cohort, Age, and Time of Measurement: Biomorphic Considerations

    I. Introduction

    II. A Biomorphic Approach to Human Behavior

    III. Age, Cohort, and Time

    IV. Experimental and Analytic Approaches


    6. The Status of Dialectics in Developmental Psychology: Theoretical Orientation versus Scientific Method

    I. Introduction and Objective

    II. The Research Issues in Developmental Psychology

    III. Dialectics and Scientific Inquiry

    IV. Dialectics and Developmental Psychology


    7. Stability, Change, and Chance in Understanding Human Development

    I. Toward Theoretical Evaluation

    II. Theoretical Forms for Understanding Human Development

    III. Constitutional and Cultural Contributions to an Aleatory Orientation


    8. Another Look at the Issue of Continuity versus Change in Models of Human Development



    Research Applications

    9. Dialectics and Research on Remembering

    I. Dialectics

    II. A Phenomenological and a Behavioral Approach to Remembering

    III. The Reification of Memory

    IV. Research Applications of a Dialectical Perspective

    V. Conclusion


    10. "Remembering" Is Alive and Well (and Even Thriving) in Empiricism

    I. Introduction

    II. Dialectics and World Hypotheses

    III. On the Necessity for Structure

    IV. The Historical-Social Context of the "Empirical Tradition"

    V. The Figure/Ground Reversal in Contemporary Memory Research

    VI. New Directions


    11. Discriminative Learning and Transfer: Dialectical Perspectives

    I. Introduction

    II. Developmental Models of Discriminative Performance

    III. Theory and Research on Discriminative Performance

    IV. Conclusions


    12. Behavioristic Perspectives on a Dialectical Model of Discriminative Learning and Transfer

    I. Basic Premises

    II. Current Stimulus-Response Theories

    III. The Proposed Dialectical Model

    IV. Is a New Theoretical Approach Needed?

    V. Concluding Comments


    13. A Transactional Model of Remembering

    I. Development of Remembering Abilities

    II. Interactional and Transactional Models

    III. Remembering and Motor Actions

    IV. Remembering and Cognition

    V. Remembering and Personality

    VI. Conclusion


    14. Some Thoughts on Memory or Some Revised Memories of Some Old Thoughts



    15. Dialectics and Operant Conditioning

    I. Introduction

    II. Methodological and Radical Behaviorism

    III. Experimental, Applied, and Conceptual Analysis of Behavior

    IV. Dialectical Characteristics of Behavioral Analysis


    16. Behaviorism and the Social System



    17. Psychology, Thomian Topologies, Deviant Logics, and Human Development

    I. Overview

    II. Sensory Thresholds and the Fold Curve

    III. Mother-Infant Vocalization Interaction Modeled by Pairs of Fold Curves

    IV. The Cusp Model of Moral Development

    V. The Cusp Model of the Threshold

    VI. The Butterfly Cuspoid as a Model for Some Psychological Phenomena

    VII. Deviant Algebraic Logic and Its Import for Developmental Theory

    VIII. Development as a Sequence of Topological Surfaces


    18. Early Experience as the Basis for Unity and Cooperation of "Differences"

    I. The Preamble Ramble

    II. Introduction

    III. Pepper's Schema

    IV. Criticism of Pepper's Schema

    V. The Relation of World Hypotheses to Ontogenetic Development

    VI. The Relationship of Developmental Psychology to the Proposed Scheme

    VII. Conclusions


    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 386
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1977
  • Published: January 28, 1977
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483265773

About the Editors

Nancy Datan

Hayne W. Reese

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