Preface. Preamble. Acknowledgements. Introduction to life cycle engineering. What is life cycle engineering. The growth of plastics. The life cycle engineering of plastics. Who should be involved? The polymer life cycle. What is a polymer? What are plastics? Durability and reliability of plastic products. Degredation and ageing of polymers. Process induced degradation. Service-induced degradation. Physical ageing. Viscoelastic effects. Life-time prediction. Long-term prediction of thermo-oxidative degradation. Superpositions and shift factors. Prediction of fatigue failure. Material know-how and life cycle engineering. Plastics recovery and recycling. The vital recycling chain. Collection and sorting for recycling. Identification and sorting systems. Economics of collection and sorting. Conclusions. Waste management routes. Mechanical recycling. Revitalisation. Feedstock recycling. Energy recovery. Environmentally-degradable polymers. Applications for recycled plastics. Factors affecting market acceptance. Emerging markets for recycled plastics. Responsibility in the recycling chain. Life cycle assesment. Introduction. Goal definition and scoping. Purpose. Scope. Determining the functional unit. Data quality assessment. Inventory analysis. Generating the process tree. Entering the process data. Applying the allocation rules. Creating the inventory table. Impact assesment. Classification. Characterisation. Evaluation. Improvement analysis. Conclusions and pointers. Life cycle engineering in product development. Resource optimisation. The product development process. Integrated product development. Computer-based "green" design tools. Reduction of material intensity. Material selection. Weight reduction. Material reduction through design. Product life extension
- No. of pages:
- © 2000
23rd January 2001
- Print ISBN:
- Electronic ISBN:
Affiliations and Expertise
École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Laboratoire de Technologie des Composites et Polymères, Departement des Materiaux, MX-C Ecublens, CH-1015, Lausanne, Switzerland.
@from:Edward D. Weil, Polytechnic University, New York
@qu:"'...readable and well written in an interesting style."