Lectures on Theoretical Physics

1st Edition

Thermodynamics and Statistical Mechanics

Editors: F. Bopp J. Meixner J. Kestin
Authors: Arnold Sommerfeld
Paperback ISBN: 9780126546828
eBook ISBN: 9780323137737
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st January 1964
Page Count: 401
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Thermodynamics and Statistical Mechanics deals with the method of thermodynamic potentials, the four Gibbsian potentials, and Boltzmann's statistics. The book reviews the general considerations of thermodynamics, such as the first and second laws of thermodynamics, the van der Waals equation, and Nernst's third law of thermodynamics. The text also discusses the application of thermodynamics to special systems, the theory of phase equilibria, the electromotive force of galvanic cells, and the thermodynamics of near-equilibrium processes. The book explains the equation of state of a perfect gas, the Maxwellian velocity distribution, and the statistical significance of the constants in van der Waal's equation. The text notes that the states of equilibrium can be treated in a simple manner compared to complex methods used in problems connected with irreversible processes. The book explains that the atoms in a molecule are capable of performing small vibrations about their position of equilibrium as they possess both kinetic and potential energy. The text also discusses the quantization of vibrational energy and rotational energy. The book can be helpful for students of physics, thermodynamics, and related subjects. It can also be used by instructors in advanced physics.

Table of Contents

Author’s Preface

Editor’s Preface

Translator’s Preface

Chapter I. Thermodynamics. General Considerations

1. Temperature as a Property of a System

2. Work and Heat

3. The Perfect Gas

A. Boyle’s Law (The Law of Boyle and Mariotte)

B. Charles’ Law (The Law of Gay-Lussac)

C. Avogadro’s Law and the Universal Gas Constant

4. The First Law. Energy and Enthalpy as Properties

A. Equivalence of Heat and Work

B. The Enthalpy as a Property

C. Digression on the Ratio of Specific Heats cp and cv

5. The Reversible and the Irreversible Adiabatic Process

A. The Reversible Adiabatic Process

B. The Irreversible Adiabatic Process

C. The Joule-Kelvin Porous Plug Experiment

D. A Conclusion of Great Consequence

6. The Second Law

A. The Carnot Cycle and Its Efficiency

B. The First Part of the Second Law

C. The Second Part of the Second Law

D. Simplest Numerical Examples

E. Remarks on the Literature of the Second Law

F. On the Relative Rank of Energy and Entropy

7. The Thermodynamic Potentials and the Reciprocity Relations

8. Thermodynamic Equilibria

A. Unconstrained Thermodynamic Equilibrium and Maximum of Entropy

B. An Isothermal and Isobaric System in Unconstrained Thermodynamic Equilibrium

C. Additional Degrees of Freedom in Retarded Equilibrium

D. Extremum Properties of the Thermodynamic Potentials

E. The Theorem on Maximum Work

9. The van der Waals Equation

A. Course of Isotherms

B. Entropy and the Cal


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© Academic Press 1964
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
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About the Editor

F. Bopp

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Munich

J. Meixner

Affiliations and Expertise

Engineering University of Aachen

J. Kestin

Affiliations and Expertise

Brown University

About the Author

Arnold Sommerfeld

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Munich