The book presents a comprehensive overview of the theory of the technological processes of lead-acid battery manufacture and their influence on battery performance parameters. It summarizes the current knowledge about the technology of lead-acid battery production and presents it in the form of an integral theory. This theory is supported by ample illustrative material and experimental data, thus allowing technologists and engineers to control the technological processes in battery plants and providing university lecturers with a toll for clear and in-depth presentation of the technology of lead-acid battery production in their courses. The relationship between the technological processes and the performance characteristics of the batteries is disclosed too.

Key Features

  • Disclosure of the structures of the lead and lead dioxide active masses, ensuring reversibility of the processes during charge and discharge and thus long cycle life of the battery
  • Proposal of optimum conditions for individual technological processes which would yield appropriate structures of the lead and lead dioxide active masses
  • Disclosure of the influence of H2SO4 concentration on battery performance parameters
  • Discussion of the processes involved in the closed oxygen cycle in VRLAB and the thermal phenomena leading to thermal runaway (TRA)
  • Elucidation of the relationship between technology of battery manufacture and battery capacity and cycle life performance


Technologists and engineers in the battery industry, university lecturers and students as well as research scientists with interests in the field of electrochemistry and electrochemical power sources

Table of Contents

I. Fundamentals of lead-acid batteries 
1. Invention and development of the lead-acid battery
2. Fundamentals of lead-acid batteries
II. Materials used for lead-acid battery manufacture
3. H2SO4 electrolyte - an active material in the lead-acid cell
4. Lead alloys and grids. Grid design principles
5. Leady oxide 
III. Processes during paste preparation and curing of the plates
6. Pastes and grid pasting
7. Additives to the pastes for positive and negative battery plates
8. Curing of battery plates
IV. Plate formation
9. Soaking of cured plates before formation
10. Formation of positive lead-acid battery plates
11. Processes during formation of negative battery plates 
12. Technology of formation
V.  Battery storage and VRLA batteries 
13. Processes after formation of the plates and during battery storage
14. Methods to restore the water decomposed during charge and overcharge of lead-acid batteries: VRLA Batteries
VI. Calculation of the active materials in a lead-acid cell
15. Calculation of the materials to be used for lead-acid cell manufacture
Subject index


No. of pages:
© 2011
Elsevier Science
Print ISBN:
Electronic ISBN:

About the author

D. Pavlov

Affiliations and Expertise

Lead-Acid Batteries Department, IEES, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia, Bulgaria


"The text is very accessible, being just as easy to navigate to specific sections for required information as it is to read in sequence as a textbook. The figures and tables are clearly presented and the text is accompanied by a comprehensive list of references for anyone requiring further information or original sources. This book is an up to date resource for lead-acid batteries and should be an essential on the bookshelf of anyone, academic or industrialist, working in the field or with an interest in the chemistry."--Chemistry World