Lead-Acid Batteries: Science and Technology

1st Edition

Authors: D. Pavlov
Hardcover ISBN: 9780444528827
eBook ISBN: 9780080931685
Imprint: Elsevier Science
Published Date: 24th June 2011
Page Count: 656
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The book presents a comprehensive overview of the theory of the technological processes of lead-acid battery manufacture and their influence on battery performance parameters. It summarizes the current knowledge about the technology of lead-acid battery production and presents it in the form of an integral theory. This theory is supported by ample illustrative material and experimental data, thus allowing technologists and engineers to control the technological processes in battery plants and providing university lecturers with a toll for clear and in-depth presentation of the technology of lead-acid battery production in their courses. The relationship between the technological processes and the performance characteristics of the batteries is disclosed too.

Key Features

  • Disclosure of the structures of the lead and lead dioxide active masses, ensuring reversibility of the processes during charge and discharge and thus long cycle life of the battery
  • Proposal of optimum conditions for individual technological processes which would yield appropriate structures of the lead and lead dioxide active masses
  • Disclosure of the influence of H2SO4 concentration on battery performance parameters
  • Discussion of the processes involved in the closed oxygen cycle in VRLAB and the thermal phenomena leading to thermal runaway (TRA)
  • Elucidation of the relationship between technology of battery manufacture and battery capacity and cycle life performance


Technologists and engineers in the battery industry, university lecturers and students as well as research scientists with interests in the field of electrochemistry and electrochemical power sources

Table of Contents




Chapter 1. Invention and Development of the Lead–Acid Battery

1.1. A Prelude

1.2. Gaston Planté – The Inventor of the Lead–Acid Battery

1.3. What Pains Had the Lead–Acid Battery to Go Through

1.4. The Lead–Acid Battery in the Twentieth Century – Second Stage in its Development

1.5. Applications of Lead–Acid Batteries

1.6. Challenges Calling for a New Stage in the Development of the Lead–Acid Battery

Chapter 2. Fundamentals of Lead–Acid Batteries

2.1. Thermodynamics of the Lead–Acid Battery

2.2. Electrode Systems Formed During Anodic Polarization of Pb in H2SO4 Solution

2.3. The Pb/PbSO4/H2SO4 Electrode

2.4. H2/H+ Electrode on Pb Surface

2.5. The Pb/PbO/PbSO4 Electrode System

2.6. The Pb/PbO2/PbSO4 Electrode System

2.7. Electrochemical Preparation of the Me/PbO2 Electrode

2.8. Electrochemical Behaviour of the Pb/PbO2/H2SO4 Electrode

2.9. Hydration and Amorphization of Active Mass PbO2 Particles and Impact on the Discharge Processes

2.10. The H2O/O2 Electrode System

2.11. Anodic Corrosion of Lead and Lead Alloys in the Lead Dioxide Potential Region

2.12. The Lead–Acid Cell

Chapter 3. H2SO4 Electrolyte – An Active Material in the Lead–Acid Cell

3.1. H2SO4 Solutions Used as Electrolytes in the Battery Industry

3.2. Purity of H2SO4 Used in Lead–Acid Batteries

3.3. Dissociation of H2SO4

3.4. Electrical Conductivity of H2SO4 Solutions

3.5. Dependence of the Electromotive Force of a Lead–Acid Cell on Electrolyte Concentration and Its Influence on Charge Voltage

3.6. Correlation Between H2SO4 Amount and Cell Capacity

3.7. Utilization of the Active Materials in the Lead–Acid Battery and Battery Performance

3.8. Correlation Between the Electrochemical Activity of PbO2/PbSO4 Electrode an


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© Elsevier Science 2011
Elsevier Science
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About the Author

D. Pavlov

Affiliations and Expertise

Lead-Acid Batteries Department, IEES, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia, Bulgaria


"The text is very accessible, being just as easy to navigate to specific sections for required information as it is to read in sequence as a textbook. The figures and tables are clearly presented and the text is accompanied by a comprehensive list of references for anyone requiring further information or original sources. This book is an up to date resource for lead-acid batteries and should be an essential on the bookshelf of anyone, academic or industrialist, working in the field or with an interest in the chemistry."--Chemistry World