Laser Surface Modification of Biomaterials - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780081008836, 9780081009420

Laser Surface Modification of Biomaterials

1st Edition

Techniques and Applications

Editors: Rui Vilar
eBook ISBN: 9780081009420
Hardcover ISBN: 9780081008836
Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
Published Date: 1st April 2016
Page Count: 350
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Table of Contents

  • Related titles
  • List of contributors
  • Woodhead Publishing Series in Biomaterials
  • Part One. Techniques and considerations for laser surface modification of biomaterials
    • 1. High precision patterning of biomaterials using the direct laser interference patterning technology
      • 1.1. Introduction
      • 1.2. Influence of micro-/nanotopographies on biological behavior
      • 1.3. Direct laser interference patterning
      • 1.4. Patterning of biomaterials using direct laser interference patterning
      • 1.5. Conclusion
    • 2. Laser surface treatment of biomedical alloys
      • 2.1. Introduction: scope of this chapter
      • 2.2. Laser surface treatment processes
      • 2.3. Microstructure and phase transformations in laser-treated materials
      • 2.4. Applications
      • 2.5. Conclusions
    • 3. Laser thin films deposition and characterization for biomedical applications
      • 3.1. Introduction
      • 3.2. Pulsed laser techniques used for the synthesis of biomaterial thin films
      • 3.3. Characterization methods of laser surface modified biomaterials
      • 3.4. Conclusions, summary, perspectives
    • 4. Stability of laser surface modified implants
      • 4.1. Introduction
      • 4.2. Materials and preparation of model samples
      • 4.3. Femtosecond laser treatment
      • 4.4. The principle of laser-induced fixation
      • 4.5. Surface characterization of laser-treated samples
      • 4.6. Mechanical stability tests of model implants
      • 4.7. Conclusion
    • 5. Structuring of biomaterial surfaces with ultrashort pulsed laser radiation
      • 5.1. Introduction
      • 5.2. Surface structuring
      • 5.3. In vitro tests of structured biomaterial surfaces
      • 5.4. In vivo tests of cochlear electrodes with structured surfaces
      • 5.5. Summary and outlook
  • Part Two. Laser surface modification techniques for biomaterials
    • 6. Laser surface modification of metallic biomaterials
      • 6.1. Introduction
      • 6.2. Laser surface modification of metallic biomaterials with no material addition
      • 6.3. Laser surface modification of metallic biomaterials with material addition
      • 6.4. Future trends and summary
    • 7. Laser surface modification of polymeric surfaces for microbiological applications
      • 7.1. Biofilms
      • 7.2. Influence of external factors on bacterial attachment
      • 7.3. Existing antimicrobial biomaterial technology
      • 7.4. Polymeric biomaterials
      • 7.5. Laser modification of polymeric biomaterials
      • 7.6. Summary
    • 8. Laser surface modification of biological hard tissues
      • 8.1. Introduction
      • 8.2. Structure and constitution of biological hard tissues
      • 8.3. Ultrashort laser interaction with biological hard tissues
      • 8.4. Ablation of biological hard tissues with ultrafast lasers
      • 8.5. Surface properties of ultrafast laser-ablated surfaces
      • 8.6. Conclusions
    • 9. Laser surface modification and the tissue–implant interface
      • 9.1. Introduction
      • 9.2. Implant surface modification using lasers
      • 9.3. Summary and concluding remarks
    • 10. Laser surface structuring of ceramics, metals and polymers for biomedical applications: A review
      • 10.1. Introduction
      • 10.2. State of the art in laser-induced periodic surface structures on various materials
      • 10.3. Variety of laser-induced periodic surface structures and required parameters
      • 10.4. Applications of laser-induced periodic surface structures
      • 10.5. New prospective and future trends
      • 10.6. Conclusions
    • 11. Ultrafast laser surface texturing of titanium alloys
      • 11.1. Introduction
      • 11.2. Ablation of metallic materials by ultrashort laser pulses
      • 11.3. Multiscale self-organised surface textures
      • 11.4. Applications of the self-organised surface textures
      • 11.5. Conclusions
  • Index


Laser Surface Modification of Biomaterials: Techniques and Applications covers this expanding field, which has many potential applications, including biomaterials. Laser surface modification of biomaterials enables the production of hybrid materials with different functionality in the bulk as well as the thin, sub-micrometer surface layer.

This book will provide readers with a comprehensive review of the technology and its applications. Chapters in Part 1 look at the techniques and considerations of laser surface modification, while Part 2 reviews laser surface modification techniques of the most important classes of biomaterials, with a final set of chapters discussing application specific laser surface modification.

Key Features

  • Offers a comprehensive review of laser surface modification techniques
  • Presents recent developments, fundamentals, and progress in laser surface modification
  • Reviews laser surface modification applications across a range of materials
  • Emphasizes applications in biomaterials


Engineers, researchers, post-graduate students


No. of pages:
© Woodhead Publishing 2016
Woodhead Publishing
eBook ISBN:
Hardcover ISBN:

Ratings and Reviews

About the Editors

Rui Vilar Editor

Rui Vilar is a professor in the Department of Chemical Engineering from the Higher Technical Institute

at Technical University of Lisbon with particular interest in Laser materials processing.

Affiliations and Expertise

Technical University of Lisbon, Portugal