Laser induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) is basically an emission spectroscopy technique where atoms and ions are primarily formed in their excited states as a result of interaction between a tightly focused laser beam and the material sample. The interaction between matter and high-density photons generates a plasma plume, which evolves with time and may eventually acquire thermodynamic equilibrium. One of the important features of this technique is that it does not require any sample preparation, unlike conventional spectroscopic analytical techniques. Samples in the form of solids, liquids, gels, gases, plasmas and biological materials (like teeth, leaf or blood) can be studied with almost equal ease. LIBS has rapidly developed into a major analytical technology with the capability of detecting all chemical elements in a sample, of real- time response, and of close-contact or stand-off analysis of targets. The present book has been written by active specialists in this field, it includes the basic principles, the latest developments in instrumentation and the applications of LIBS . It will be useful to analytical chemists and spectroscopists as an important source of information and also to graduate students and researchers engaged in the fields of combustion, environmental science, and planetary and space exploration.

Key Features

* Recent research work * Possible future applications * LIBS Principles


Researchers in Analytical, Control, Process industrial applications; Students in Spectroscopy, Physics, Chemistry, Metallurgy, Engineering, Environmental Science; Consultants in Analytical, Control, Process industry

Table of Contents

PART I : BASIC PHYSICS & INSTRUMENTATION 1. Fundamentals of LIBS (S. N. Thakur and J. P. Singh) 2. Atomic Emission Spectroscopy (S. N. Thakur) 3. Laser Ablation (R. E. Russo, X. L. Mao, J. Yoo and J. J. Gonzalez) 4. Physics of Plasma in LIBS (V. N. Rai and S. N. Thakur) 5. Instrumentation for LIBS (V. N. Rai and S. N. Thakur) PART II: NEW LIBS TECHNIQUES 6. Dual Pulse LIBS (J. Scaffidi, D. A. Cremers and S. M. Angel) 7. Femtosecond LIBS (M. Sabsabi) 8. Micro LIBS (M. T. Taschuk, I. V. Cravetchi, Y. Y. Tsui and R. Fedosejevs) PART III: LIBS APPLICATIONS 9. LIBS Application to off-Gas Measurement (F. Y. Yueh and J. P. Singh) 10. LIBS of Liquid Samples (V. N. Rai, F. Y. Yueh and J. P. Singh) 11. LIBS of Solid and Molten Material (A. K. Rai, F. Y.Yueh, J. P. Singh and D. K. Rai) 12. LIBS of Powder Materials (B. Lal, L.St-Onge, F.Y. Yueh and J. P. Singh) 13. LIBS for the Analysis of Chemical and Biological Hazards (S.G. Buckley) 14. Life-Science Applications of LIBS (F. Y. Yueh, A. Kumar and J. P. Singh) 15. Measurement of Carbon for Carbon Sequestration and Site Monitoring (M. Z. Martin, S. D. Wullschleger, C. T. Garten Jr., and A. V. Palumbo) 16. Remote Analysis by LIBS: Application to Space Exploration (D. A. Cremers) 17. LIBS for Aerosol Analysis (D.W. Hahn and U. Panne) 18. Scope of Future Development in LIBS (J. P. Singh and F. Y. Yueh)


No. of pages:
© 2007
Elsevier Science
eBook ISBN:
Print ISBN:

About the editors

Jagdish Singh

Affiliations and Expertise

Institute for Clean Energy Technology and Department of Physics and Astronomy, Mississippi State University, Starkville, MS 39759-7704, U.S.A.

Surya Thakur

Affiliations and Expertise

Department of Physics, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India