Laser Growth and Processing of Photonic Devices

Laser Growth and Processing of Photonic Devices

1st Edition - July 10, 2012

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  • Editor: Nikolaos Vainos
  • eBook ISBN: 9780857096227
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9781845699369

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Description

The use of lasers in the processing of electronic and photonic material is becoming increasingly widespread, with technological advances reducing costs and increasing both the quality and range of novel devices which can be produced. Laser growth and processing of photonic devices is the first book to review this increasingly important field.Part one investigates laser-induced growth of materials and surface structures, with pulsed laser deposition techniques, the formation of nanocones and the fabrication of periodic photonic microstructures explored in detail. Laser-induced three-dimensional micro- and nano-structuring are the focus of part two. Exploration of multiphoton lithography, processing and fabrication is followed by consideration of laser-based micro- and nano-fabrication, laser-induced soft matter organization and microstructuring, and laser-assisted polymer joining methods. The book concludes in part three with an investigation into laser fabrication and manipulation of photonic structures and devices. Laser seeding and thermal processing of glass with nanoscale resolution, laser-induced refractive index manipulation, and the thermal writing of photonic devices in glass and polymers are all considered.With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, Laser growth and processing of photonic devices is an essential tool for all materials scientists, engineers and researchers in the microelectronics industry.

Key Features

  • The first book to review the increasingly important field of laser growth and processing of photonic devices
  • Investigates laser-induced growth of materials and surface structures, pulsed laser deposition techniques, the formation of nanocones and the fabrication of periodic photonic microstructures
  • Examines laser-induced three-dimensional micro- and nano-structuring and concludes with an investigation into laser fabrication and manipulation of photonic structures and devices

Readership

Researchers in the photonics and optics industries; Materials scientists and engineers developing processing routes for devices

Table of Contents

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    Dedication

    Woodhead Publishing Series in Electronic and Optical Materials

    Preface

    Chapter 1: Laser growth and processing of photonic structures: an overview of fundamentals, interaction phenomena and operations

    Abstract:

    1.1 Laser processing concepts and processes: an introduction

    1.2 Laser radiation, propagation and delivery

    1.3 Summary of the interactions of laser radiation with condensed matter

    1.4 Radiation absorption and energy transfer

    1.5 Materials processing phenomena: appraisal of energy dependencies

    1.6 Laser-based materials processing for photonics

    1.7 Specific laser processing schemes for photonics applications

    1.8 A suite of emerging concepts driving future trends

    1.9 Acknowledgements

    Part I: Laser-induced growth of materials and surface structures

    Chapter 2: Emerging pulsed laser deposition techniques

    Abstract:

    2.1 Current state-of-the-art in pulsed laser deposition (PLD)

    2.2 Problems for growth of thick films and designer refractive index profiles

    2.3 Multi-beam PLD

    2.4 Use of three different targets: combinatorial growth

    2.5 Future work in complex PLD geometries

    2.6 Conclusions

    2.7 Acknowledgements

    Chapter 3: The formation of nanocones on the surface of semiconductors by laser-induced self-assembly

    Abstract:

    3.1 Introduction

    3.2 Experiments and discussion

    3.3 Two-stage mechanism of nanocones formation in semiconductors

    3.4 Applications in nanoelectronics and optoelectronics

    3.5 Conclusions

    3.6 Acknowledgements

    Chapter 4: Fabrication of periodic photonic microstructures by the interference of ultrashort pulse laser beams

    Abstract:

    4.1 Review of periodic photonic devices induced by the interference of ultrashort pulse laser beams

    4.2 Theoretical aspects of the interference of ultrashort pulse laser beams

    4.3 Microstructures induced by the interference of two femtosecond laser beams

    4.4 Microstructures induced by the interference of multiple femtosecond laser beams

    4.5 Transfer of periodic microstructures by the interference of femtosecond laser beams

    4.6 Conclusions and future trends

    Part II: Laser-induced three-dimensional micro- and nano-structuring

    Chapter 5: Multiphoton lithography, processing and fabrication of photonic structures

    Abstract:

    5.1 Introduction to multiphoton lithography

    5.2 Principles of multiphoton absorption and lithography

    5.3 Materials for multiphoton lithography

    5.4 Applications of multiphoton lithography in photonics

    5.5 Future prospects for multiphoton lithography in photonics

    Chapter 6: Laser-based micro- and nano-fabrication of photonic structures

    Abstract:

    6.1 Introduction and motivation

    6.2 Fabrication of 2D and 3D photonic micro-structures

    6.3 Laser lithography for the fabrication of photonic structures

    6.4 Laser lithography based on one-, two- or multiple-photon absorption

    6.5 Material modification aspects

    6.6 Device design, fabrication and applications

    6.7 Conclusions and future trends

    Chapter 7: Laser-induced soft matter organization and microstructuring of photonic materials

    Abstract:

    7.1 Introduction

    7.2 The origin of radiation forces

    7.3 Organization of entangled polymers and hybrids by laser radiation

    7.4 Organization and microfabrication by radiation forces: an emerging technology

    7.5 Conclusions and future prospects

    7.6 Acknowledgments

    7.8 Appendix

    Chapter 8: Laser-assisted polymer joining methods for photonic devices

    Abstract:

    8.1 Introduction

    8.2 Properties of benzocyclobutene (BCB) polymers for photonic applications

    8.3 BCB as a planarization material for fabrication of semiconductor photonic devices

    8.4 Laser-assisted polymer bonding for assembly of photonic and microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) devices

    8.5 Laser microwelding for assembly of periodic photonic structures

    8.6 Conclusions

    Part III: Laser fabrication and manipulation of photonic structures and devices

    Chapter 9: Laser seeding and thermal processing of glass with nanoscale resolution

    Abstract:

    9.1 Introduction

    9.2 The regeneration process

    9.3 Estimating the retention of nanoscale information in regenerated grating structures

    9.4 Conclusions

    9.5 Acknowledgements

    Chapter 10: Femtosecond-laser-induced refractive index modifications for photonic device processing

    Abstract:

    10.1 Introduction

    10.2 Ultrafast laser interactions with dielectric materials

    10.3 Refractive index modification mechanisms

    10.4 Photonic device processing

    10.5 Photonic devices

    10.6 Conclusions

    Chapter 11: Thermal writing of photonic devices in glass and polymers by femtosecond lasers

    Abstract:

    11.1 Introduction

    11.2 Femtosecond laser–material interaction in waveguide writing

    11.3 Femtosecond laser waveguide writing in glasses

    11.4 Waveguide writing in polymers

    11.5 Conclusions

    11.6 Future trends

    Chapter 12: Laser processing of optical fibers: new photosensitivity findings, refractive index engineering and surface structuring

    Abstract:

    12.1 Introduction and historical overview

    12.2 Glass photosensitivity using laser beams

    12.3 Correlation of underlying photosensitivity mechanisms with refractive index changes

    12.4 Types of photosensitivity in optical fibers

    12.5 Grating fabrication in standard, germanosilicate optical fibers

    12.6 Grating fabrication in standard, all-silica optical fibers

    12.7 Grating fabrication in phosphate and fluoride glass fibers

    12.8 Microstructured optical fiber (MOF) gratings

    12.9 Laser machining of optical fibers

    12.10 Future trends and prospects

    12.11 Conclusions

    12.12 Acknowledgments

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 488
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Woodhead Publishing 2012
  • Published: July 10, 2012
  • Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
  • eBook ISBN: 9780857096227
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9781845699369

About the Editor

Nikolaos Vainos

Nikolaos A. Vainos is Professor and Deputy Chair of the Department of Materials Science at the University of Patras, Greece. The scientific coordinator of over 40 research projects, he has written extensively on optical properties and laser applications.

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Patras, Greece

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