Lake Baikal is the oldest lake and largest freshwater reservoir in the world. As a result of its exceptionally long geological history, the lake has been a theatre of evolution and speciation of organisms, and it currently harbors more species than any other lake in the world. Based on its unique nature, Lake Baikal was recently designated a World Heritage site and is regarded as a hotspot for evolution, speciation, and biodiversity. With its tremendously peculiar biota, Lake Baikal is now awaiting modern analytical approaches to the profound problems of speciation and evolution. In late autumn 1998 a symposium was held in Japan with the theme "Lake Baikal: A mirror in time and space for understanding global change processes" to bring together scientists from different disciplines who are studying Lake Baikal. Three international scientific associations: The BICER (Baikal International Center for Ecological Research), BDP (Baikal Drilling Project), and DIWPA (Diversitas Western Pacific and Asia) were involved in the organisation.
This book contains a selection of papers presented at this symposium. They are interdisciplinary in nature and bring together results from geology, paleontology, chemistry, biology, limnology and physics.
Part 1 Paleoenvironment and Rift Basin History 1. Baikal drilling project (M.I. Kuzumin, D.F. Williams, T. Kawai). 2. Changes in the Lake Baikal levels and runoff direction in the Quaternary period (V.D. Mats, S. Fujii, K. Mashiko, E. Yu. Osipov, I.M. Yefimova, A. V. Klimansky). 3. Paleomagnetic and rock-magnetic studies on Lake Baikal sediments: BDP 96 borehole at Academician Ridge (H. Sakai, S. Nomura, M. Horii, K. Kashiwaya, A. Tanaka, T. Kawai, V. Kravchinsky, J. Peck, J. King). 4. Paleoclimatic signals printed in Lake Baikal sediments (K. Kashiwaya, A. Tanaka, H. Sakai, T. Kawai). 5. Glaciations of central Asia in the late Cenosoic according to the sedimentary record from Lake Baikal (E.B. Karabanov, M.I. Kuzmin, A.A. Prokopenko, D.F. Williams, G.K. Khursevich, E.V. Bezrukova, E.V. Kerber, A.N. Gvozdkov, V.F. Geletiy, D. Weil, M. Schwab). 6. Paleoclimatic changes from 3.6 to 2.2 Ma B.P. derived from palynological studies on Lake Baikal sediments (D. Demske, B. Mohr, H. Oberhänsli). 7. TEM analysis of smectite-illite mixed-layer minerals of core BDP-96-1 - Preliminary results (J. Müller, J. Kasbohm, H. Oberhänsli, M. Melles, H.W. Hubberten). 8. Forest-desert alternation history revealed by pollen record in Lake Baikal over the past 5 million years (K. Kawamuro, K. Shichi, Y. Hase, A. Iwauchi, K. Minoura, T. Oda, H. Takahara, H. Sakai, Y. Morita, N. Miyoshi, M.I. Kuzmin). 9. Vegetation history of the southeastern and eastern coasts of Lake Baikal from bog sediments since the last interstade (H. Takahara, S.K. Krivonogov, E.V. Bezrukova, N. Miyoshi, Y. Morita, T. Nakamura, Y. Hase, Y. Shinomiya, K. Kawamuro). 10. Estimation of paleoenvironmental changes in the Eurasion continental interior during the past 5 million years inferred from organic components in the BDP 96 Hole 1 sediment core from Lake Baikal (G.I. Matsumoto, S. Kosaku, N. Takamatsu,
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- © Elsevier Science 2000
- 8th December 2000
- Elsevier Science
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Professor, Tohoku University, Japan
@from:S. Griffiths @qu:...a library book that will be much in demand for its wide range of subject matter and the accompanying references. @source:The Holocene