Kinetic Theory, Volume I: The Nature of Gases and of Heat deals with kinetic theory and the nature of gases and heat. A comprehensive account of the life, works, and historical environment of a number of scientists such as Robert Boyle and Hermann von Helmholtz is presented. This volume is comprised of 11 chapters and begins with an overview of the caloric theory, the principle of conservation of energy, the ""virial theorem,"" and atomic magnitudes. The discussion then turns to the qualitative atomic theory of the ""spring"" of the air, proposed by Robert Boyle; Isaac Newton's repulsion theory; Daniel Bernoulli's thery on the properties and motions of elastic fluids, especially air; and George Gregory's theory on the existence of fire. Subsequent chapters focus on Robert Mayer's theory on the forces of inorganic nature; James Joule's theory on matter, living force, and heat; Hermann von Helmholtz's theory on the conservation of force; and Rudolf Clausius's theory on the nature of heat. James Clerk Maxwell's dynamical theory of gases is also examined. This book is written primarily for students and research workers in physics, as well as for historians of science.
Preface Part 1 Introduction Bibliography Part 21. The Spring of the Air (from New Experiments Physical-Mechanical, etc., 1660) 2. The Repulsion Theory (from Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica, 1687) 3. On the properties and motions of elastic fluids, especially air (from Hydrodynamica, 1738) 4. The Existence of Fire (from The Economy of Nature, 1798) 5. The Forces of Inorganic Nature (from Annalen der Chemie und Pharmacie, 1842) 6. On Matter, Living Force, and Heat (from the Manchester Courier, 1847) 7. The Conservation of Force (from Ueber die Erhaltung der Kraft, 1847) 8. The Nature of the Motion which we call Heat (from Annalen der Physik, 1857) 9. On the mean length of the paths described by the separate molecules of gaseous bodies (from Annalen der Physik, 1858) 10. Illustrations of the Dynamical Theory of Gases (from Philosophical Magazine, 1858) 11. On a Mechanical Theorem applicable to Heat (from Sitzungsberichte der Niedderrheinischen Gesellschaft, Bonn, 1870)
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- © Pergamon 1965
- 1st January 1965
- eBook ISBN: