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Issues of Organizational Design: A Mathematical Programming View of Organizations analyzes the view that organizations can be represented satisfactorily by a mathematical programming model and relates it to other theories of organizational behavior. The potential of this approach to organizational analysis is evaluated. Comprised of seven chapters, this book begins with an overview of the three major schools of organizational theory: the classical/structural school, the human relations school, and the contingency school. It then defines what an organization is and outlines the relationship between organizational elements. The example of the two-product firm is used to illustrate the basic model framework, and how coordination, diversification, and incentives can be treated in this framework.Subsequent chapters explore the relationship between the contingency approach and the mathematical programming approach to organizational design; the coordination problem and the process of decision making in a decentralized organization; the decomposition of the organization into a number of smaller units; and types of evaluation and incentive schemes for addressing cheating in a multi-level organization. The book also presents a series of empirical studies where a mathematical programming view of organizations has been assumed before concluding with a discussion on the process of designing organizations. This monograph will be useful for students of organizational design and for practitioners who use models in connection with decision making.
1. Introduction and Overview
Current Trends in Organizational Design
What is an Organization
The Organization as a System of Constraints
A Mathematical Programming Formulation
2. The Relationship Between the "Contingency Approach" and the Mathematical Programming Approach
The Contingency Approach to Organizational Design
A Mathematical Programming Approach to Organizational Design
3. Organizational Coordination
The Coordination Problem
The Process of Decision Making in a Decentralized Organization
A Price-Directive Approach
A Budget Approach
A Unified Coordination Procedure
Properties of the Unified Approach
Introduction of Uncertainty
4. Organizational Decomposition
Organization by Territory and Time
5. Cheating and Incentive Mechanisms
Cheating and Innovation
6. The Empirical Evidence
Real World Models
Computer Simulation Experiments
7. The Design Process
Statement of the Decision Model
Evaluation of Organizational Designs
Visualization of the Design
A Step-by-Step Procedure
How Mathematical Programming can Help
- No. of pages:
- © Pergamon 1981
- 1st January 1981
- eBook ISBN:
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