Island Arcs

Island Arcs

Japan and Its Environs

1st Edition - January 1, 1973

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  • Authors: A. Sugimura, S. Uyeda
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483256931

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Developments in Geotectonics, 3: Island Arcs: Japan and its Environs focuses on geophysical and geological characteristics of island arcs. The book first reviews the geophysical and geological features of island arcs, including topography, crust and upper mantle structure, seismicity, direction of principal stresses of earthquakes, crustal deformation and fault systems, and geological structure. The distributions of Cenozoic volcanoes and hot springs, petrology of volcanic rocks, magnetic fields, and anomaly of electrical conductivity are also discussed. The publication also takes a look at the Cenozoic history of the Japanese Islands relative to the formation of island arcs. The Quaternary tectonic movements of Japan are reviewed. The text ponders on the processes under island arcs, such as generation and ascent of primary magma; convection current descending under island arcs; island arc tectonics and oceanic ridge tectonics; and mechanical process inferred from seismic wave radiation. The text is a valuable reference for geologists and readers interested in island arcs.

Table of Contents

  • Contents


    Chapter 1. Geophysical and Geological Features of Island Arcs

    Island Arcs in the World



    Crustal and Upper Mantle Structure


    Earthquake Mechanism

    Surface Faulting

    Crustal Deformation

    Geological Structure


    Basaltic Magmas

    Hot Springs

    Heat Flow

    Geomagnetic Field

    Electrical Conductivity


    Zonal Arrangements in Other Island Arcs

    Chapter 2. History of Island Arcs

    Sequence of Orogenies in Japan

    Main Orogeny and Hidaka Orogeny

    Neotectonic Age

    Late Cenozoic Orogeny and Island Arcs

    Late Cenozoic History of Japan

    Miocene Volcanism

    The Uetu-Fossa Magna Idiogeosyncline

    The Kitakami-Abukuma Geanticline

    The Off-Sanriku-Zyoban Geosyncline

    Three Belts in East Japan

    West Japan

    Crossings of Orogenic Belts

    Some Remarks On Plate Tectonics

    Neogene Tectonic Maps

    Quaternary Tectonics in Japan

    "Plio-Pleistocene Movements"

    Quaternary Tectonic Maps

    Three Examples Characterizing the Quaternary Tectonics

    Duration Period of Quaternary Tectonic Movements and Volcanic Activity

    Strike-Slip Fault System

    The Island Arc Trench System and Quaternary Warping

    Chapter 3. Processes Under Island Arcs

    Convection Current Descending Under Island Arcs

    Nature of the Convection Current and Viscosity of the Mantle

    Descending Flow Or Lithospheric Slab Under Trench-Arc Systems

    Temperature Field Under Island Arcs

    Temperature in the Crust and Upper Mantle

    Temperature Under Island Arcs and Its Implications

    Thermal Process of Sinking Lithosphere and A Possible Origin of the Sea of Japan

    Generation and Ascent of Primary Magma

    Mechanism of Magma Generation: Non-Brittle Earthquakes As A Possible Cause of Melting

    Phase Relation and Zone Partial Melting

    Variations Across and Between Island Arcs in Volume of Volcanic Products, Chemistry of Primary Magmas, and Heat Flow

    Mechanical Process Inferred From Seismic Wave Radiation

    Stress Field and Possible Anisotropic Nature of the Upper Mantle

    Sinking Lithosphere and Deep Earthquake Zone

    The Island-Arc Type Orogeny

    The Pacific-Type Orogeny

    Late Mesozoic-Early Cenozoic Paired Belts in Southwest Japan

    Possible Mechanism of the Pacific-Type Orogeny and The Origin of Marginal Seas

    Island Arc Tectonics and Oceanic Ridge Tectonics


    Index To Authors Cited in Text

    Subject Index 2

Product details

  • No. of pages: 256
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 1973
  • Published: January 1, 1973
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483256931

About the Authors

A. Sugimura

S. Uyeda

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