Ion Beam Treatment of Polymers

Ion Beam Treatment of Polymers

Application Aspects from Medicine to Space

2nd Edition - September 25, 2014

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  • Authors: Alexey Kondyurin, Marcela Bilek
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080999180
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780080994451

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Ion Beam Treatment of Polymers, Second Edition presents the results of polymer investigations and technique development in the field of polymer modification by high-energy ion beams. It shows how to use ion beam equipment in the polymer industry, as well as how to use it to produce new polymer materials. The authors, scientists and researchers active in the field, provide analysis and data from their work, and give an overview of related work by others. The authors focus on wetting, adhesion, hardness, chemical activity, environmental stability, biocompatibility, new synthesis methods, and space flight construction. The technologies of material modification by a beam of high energy ions have wide applications in different fields, from microelectronics to medicine. Historically, ion beam treatment of polymers had fewer applications due to high costs of ion beam equipment and low costs of polymer materials. The modern development of new pulse sources with a high current density and wide ion beams increase the effectiveness of ion beam technology for polymers.

Key Features

  • Collates data from many scientists working in polymer chemistry, physics of ion beam implantation, and in development and production of ion beam equipment
  • Covers industrial and scientific applications of ion beam implanted polymers
  • Integrates physical and chemical aspects of the processes in polymers treated by ion beams


For universities, research centers, and companies in the polymer industry or dealing with plasma and ion beam equipment

Table of Contents

    • Introduction
    • 1. Interactions of ion beams with polymers: the physical picture
      • References
    • 2. Ion implanters
      • Development of ion implanters
      • Sheath dynamics in plasma immersion ion implantation
      • Plasma immersion ion implantation of insulators
      • Estimating fluence and practical process considerations
      • References
    • 3. Interactions of energetic ions with polymers: chemical picture
      • References
    • 4. Structure of polymers after ion beam treatment
      • Color changes
      • Darkening as a measure of fluence
      • Carbonization of the surface layer
      • Raman spectroscopy analysis of the modified layer
      • Electron spin resonance spectroscopy analysis of structural changes
      • Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy analysis of structural changes
      • Changes in surface energy
      • X-ray photoemission spectroscopy analysis of structural changes
      • X-ray diffraction for crystalline fractions
      • Analysis of cross-linking by gel-fraction measurements
      • Effects of structural changes on mechanical properties
      • Summary
      • References
    • 5. Wetting
      • Wettability and surface energy: theory and measurement
      • Modification of wettability of polymers using ion implantation
      • Applications and relevant theoretical aspects of surface wetting
      • References
    • 6. Adhesion
      • References
    • 7. Hardness
      • Applications of polymers benefit from improved surface hardness
      • Mechanisms for hardness improvement by ion implantation
      • References
    • 8. Ion beam synthesis
      • References
    • 9. Biological and medical applications
      • References
    • 10. Protection in an aggressive environment
      • References
    • 11. Polymerization of liquid polymer matrix in free-space environment
      • Vacuum
      • Space plasma
      • Temperature variations
      • Microgravity
      • Meteorite fluency
      • References

Product details

  • No. of pages: 268
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2014
  • Published: September 25, 2014
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080999180
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780080994451

About the Authors

Alexey Kondyurin

Dr. Kondyurin is Honorary Senior Researcher, at the School of Physics, University of Sydney, Australia. His previous posts include Professor at the Institute of Mechanics, Perm State University, Russia, and Researcher at the Helmholtz Rossendorf Nuclear Center, Dresden, Germany. Dr. Kondyurin has over 200 scientific publications to his name, including 6 published books, and holds 6 patents. He has extensive experience working on projects funded by governmental or industry bodies, receiving the Astronautic Association Award “Medal of Achievements in Astronautics’ in 2008, and the Alexander von Humboldt Fellowship in 2001. Dr. Kondyurin is a Chartered Member of the Royal Australian Chemical Institute (RACI), a member of the American Chemical Society (ACS), and a member of the Society of Plastics Engineers (SPE). He has also been guest editor for the Advanced Space Research Journal, and editor of a special issue ‘Energetic Materials and Processes’ for the Materials journal. Dr. Kondyurin’s main research interests are the design, synthesis and characterization of advanced polymer materials, spectroscopy usage and techniques, plasma and ion beam implantation methods, surface analysis, and mechanical analysis.

Affiliations and Expertise

Honorary Senior Researcher, School of Physics, University of Sydney, Australia

Marcela Bilek

Affiliations and Expertise

School of Physics, University of Sydney, Australia

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