Invertebrate Learning and Memory, Volume 22

1st Edition

Editors: Randolf Menzel Paul Benjamin
Print ISBN: 9780124158238
eBook ISBN: 9780123982605
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st June 2013
Page Count: 600
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Understanding how memories are induced and maintained is one of the major outstanding questions in modern neuroscience. This is difficult to address in the mammalian brain due to its enormous complexity, and invertebrates offer major advantages for learning and memory studies because of their relative simplicity. Many important discoveries made in invertebrates have been found to be generally applicable to higher organisms, and the overarching theme of the proposed will be to integrate information from different levels of neural organization to help generate a complete account of learning and memory.

Edited by two leaders in the field, Invertebrate Learning and Memory will offer a current and comprehensive review, with chapters authored by experts in each topic. The volume will take a multidisciplinary approach, exploring behavioral, cellular, genetic, molecular, and computational investigations of memory. Coverage will include comparative cognition at the behavioral and mechanistic level, developments in concepts and methodologies that will underlie future advancements, and mechanistic examples from the most important vertebrate systems (nematodes, molluscs, and insects). Neuroscience researchers and graduate students with an interest in the neural control of cognitive behavior will benefit, as will as will those in the field of invertebrate learning.

Key Features

  • Presents an overview of invertebrate studies at the molecular / cellular / neural levels and correlates findings to mammalian behavioral investigations
  • Linking multidisciplinary approaches allows for full understanding of how molecular changes in neurons and circuits underpin behavioral plasticity
  • Edited work with chapters authored by leaders in the field around the globe – the broadest, most expert coverage available
  • Comprehensive coverage synthesizes widely dispersed research, serving as one-stop shopping for comparative learning and memory researchers


Neuroscientists interested in the neural control of cognitive behavior; entomologists and those in the field of invertebrate learning

Table of Contents

List of Contributors

Section 1: Introduction

Chapter 1. Beyond the Cellular Alphabet of Learning and Memory in Invertebrates


Beyond the Cellular Alphabet: Circuit and Network Levels of Analysis, the Necessary Step

Do Invertebrates have Cognitive Abilities?


Section 2: Concepts of Invertebrate Comparative Cognition

Chapter 2. Action Selection: The Brain as a Behavioral Organizer


Behavioral Modules

Outcome Expectation

The Active Brain

Action Selection




Chapter 3. Cognitive Components of Insect Behavior


Acting Upon the Environment: Exploration, Instrumental Learning, and Observational Learning


Generalization, Categorization, and Concept Learning

Memory Processing

Insect Intelligence and Brain Structure

Miniature Brains



Chapter 4. Exploring Brain Connectivity in Insect Model Systems of Learning and Memory: Neuroanatomy Revisited


Insect Brains are Small

Methods of Analyzing Insect Microcircuits

Discussion and Outlook


Chapter 5. ‘Decision Making’ in Larval Drosophila


Architecture of the Chemobehavioral System

A Working Hypothesis of Memory Trace Formation

The Decision to Behaviorally Express a Memory Trace—or Not

Aspects of Decision Making




Section 3: Developments in Methodology

Chapter 6. Optophysiological Approaches to Learning and Memory in Drosophila melanogaster

Introduction: Strategies to Determine Neuronal Substrates Underlying Learning and Memory

Disruptive Alterations: Ablation, M


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© Academic Press 2013
Academic Press
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About the Editor

Randolf Menzel

Paul Benjamin


"The small number of neurons possessed by most invertebrates make them convenient models for extrapolating about neurological function in more complex animals. Editors Menzel… and Benjamin present this volume on the processes of learning and memory in these simple organisms. The book is divided into three general sections outlining concepts of cognition and its biological basis, experimental methodology, and the largest section of results from model systems including nematodes, mollusks, crustaceans, and insects."--Reference & Research Book News, December 2013