Introduction to Physics

Introduction to Physics

Mechanics, Hydrodynamics Thermodynamics

1st Edition - January 1, 1966

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  • Authors: P. Frauenfelder, P. Huber
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483280851

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Introduction of Physics: Mechanics , Hydrodynamics, Thermodynamics covers the principles of matter and its motion through space and time, as well as the related concepts of energy and force. This book is composed of eleven chapters, and begins with an introduction to the basic principles of mechanics, hydrodynamics, and thermodynamics. The subsequent chapters deal with the statics of rigid bodies and the dynamics of particles and rigid bodies. These topics are followed by discussions on elasticity, mechanics of fluids, the basic concept of thermodynamic, kinetic theory, and crystal structure of the solid .The final chapters consider the laws of the thermodynamic and their applications. This book will prove useful to physicists, scientists, thermodynamics engineers.

Table of Contents

  • Translators' Preface

    Chapter 1. Introduction

    1. General Survey

    2. The Three Standards of Measurement

    3. Subunits

    4. Quantities, Magnitudes, Units, and Dimensions

    5. Scalars and Vectors

    6. Vector Algebra

    7. Theory of Errors

    Chapter 2. Statics of Rigid Bodies

    8. Newton's Laws

    9. Fundamental Concepts of the Statics of Rigid Bodies

    10. Calculation of the Complete System of Forces

    11. Resultant of Forces which Do Not Act at the Same Point

    12. Systems of Parallel Forces Acting on a Rigid Body

    13. Elementary Examples in Plane Statics

    14. The Law of Static Friction

    15. Examples Using the Law of Static Friction

    16. Theory of the Center of Gravity

    17. The Three Types of Equilibrium

    Chapter 3. Dynamics of A Particle

    18. Coordinate Systems and Fundamental Concepts of Dynamics

    19. Kinematics

    20. The Most Important Cases in Kinematics

    21. Newton's Laws

    22. Application of Newton's Laws

    23. Sliding and Rolling Friction

    24. Momentum

    25. The Law of Areas for Central Forces

    26. Newton's Law of Gravitation

    27. Transformation to Accelerated Coordinate Systems

    28. Work and Energy

    29. The Principle of Conservation of Energy

    30. Power and Efficiency

    31. Harmonic Motion

    32. Examples of Linear Restoring Forces

    33. Damped Harmonic Motion

    34. Phase Relations in Harmonic Motion

    35. Complex Numbers, Phasors, and Superposition of Harmonic Oscillations along one Axis

    36. Beats

    37. Superposition of Harmonic Oscillations along two Axes. Lissajous Figures

    38. Forced Oscillations and Resonance

    39. The Laws of Collision

    40. Relative Motion. Collisions with a Moving Wall

    41. Relative Accelerations. Inertial Forces in Relative Motion

    Chapter 4. Dynamics of Rigid Bodies

    42. Motion of the Center of Mass; The Center of Mass Law

    43. The Law of Rotational Motion for Rotation about a Fixed Axis. The Angular Momentum Law

    44. Moments of Inertia

    45. Applications of the Angular Momentum Law to Rotation about a Fixed Axis

    46. The General Law of Rotational Motion

    47. Elementary Theory of the Top

    48. Calculation of the Ellipsoid of Inertia of Symmetrical Bodies

    Chapter 5. Elasticity

    49. The General Concept of Stress

    50. The State of Plane Stress

    51. The Mohr Circle for the State of Plane Stress

    52. Deformation and Strain

    53. The Limits of Validity of Hooke's Law

    54. Plane Bending of a Beam

    55. The Elastic Curve of a Bent Beam

    56. Pure Torsion

    57. The Spiral Spring

    Chapter 6. Mechanics of Fluids

    58. Statics of Ideal Liquids

    59. Aerostatics; the Study of Gases at Rest

    60. Statics of Real Liquids

    61. Hydrodynamics of Ideal Liquids

    62. Hydrodynamics of Real Liquids

    Chapter 7. Basic Concepts of Thermodynamics

    63. Introduction

    64. The Concept of Temperature

    65. The Principles of Thermal Expansion

    66. Absolute Temperature and the Ideal Gas Law

    67. The Mass Units of Thermodynamics

    68. The Equation of State of an Ideal Gas

    69. The Concept of Quantity of Heat

    70. Measurement of Heat. Calorimetry

    71. Specific Heat Capacities of Gases, Liquids and Solids

    72. Transition Points. Latent Heats

    Chapter 8. Kinetic Theory

    73. Thermal Motion

    74. Kinetic Theory of an Ideal Gas

    75. The van der Waals Theory of a Gas

    76. Sizes of Molecules. Collision Frequency. Mean Free Path

    77. Diffusion

    78. Heat Transfer

    Chapter 9. Crystal Structure of Solids

    79. Fundamental Principles

    80. The Basic Cell Types of the Elements (A-types)

    81. Some Basic Cell Types of Inorganic Compounds

    Chapter 10. The Laws of Thermodynamics

    82. The First Law of Thermodynamics

    83. Application of the First Law to Cyclic Processes

    84. Molecular Interpretation of the First Law

    85. Isothermal and Adiabatic Processes in Ideal Gases

    86. The Second Law of Thermodynamics

    87. The Reversible Carnot Cycle using an Ideal Gas

    88. Measure of the Irreversibility of a Process. Entropy

    89. Irreversible Processes

    90. A Special Cyclic Process for a van der Waals Gas

    Chapter 11. Applications of the First and Second Laws

    91. Thermodynamic Properties; State Variables and State Functions

    92. Phenomenological Properties of Matter

    93. Thermodynamic Functions and Maxwell's Relations

    94. The Joule-Kelvin Effect

    95. Equilibrium Conditions of a Chemical Reaction

    Appendix I. Definitions of Concentration

    Appendix II. Calculation of Moments Of Inertia

    Appendix III. Absolute Density of Water

    Appendix IV. Approximate Values of Some Important Physical Constants

    Problems for the Student


Product details

  • No. of pages: 602
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Pergamon 2013
  • Published: January 1, 1966
  • Imprint: Pergamon
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483280851

About the Authors

P. Frauenfelder

P. Huber

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