Introduction to Physics - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780080135212, 9781483280851

Introduction to Physics

1st Edition

Mechanics, Hydrodynamics Thermodynamics

Authors: P. Frauenfelder P. Huber
eBook ISBN: 9781483280851
Imprint: Pergamon
Published Date: 1st January 1966
Page Count: 602
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Introduction of Physics: Mechanics , Hydrodynamics, Thermodynamics covers the principles of matter and its motion through space and time, as well as the related concepts of energy and force. This book is composed of eleven chapters, and begins with an introduction to the basic principles of mechanics, hydrodynamics, and thermodynamics. The subsequent chapters deal with the statics of rigid bodies and the dynamics of particles and rigid bodies. These topics are followed by discussions on elasticity, mechanics of fluids, the basic concept of thermodynamic, kinetic theory, and crystal structure of the solid .The final chapters consider the laws of the thermodynamic and their applications. This book will prove useful to physicists, scientists, thermodynamics engineers.

Table of Contents

Translators' Preface

Chapter 1. Introduction

1. General Survey

2. The Three Standards of Measurement

3. Subunits

4. Quantities, Magnitudes, Units, and Dimensions

5. Scalars and Vectors

6. Vector Algebra

7. Theory of Errors

Chapter 2. Statics of Rigid Bodies

8. Newton's Laws

9. Fundamental Concepts of the Statics of Rigid Bodies

10. Calculation of the Complete System of Forces

11. Resultant of Forces which Do Not Act at the Same Point

12. Systems of Parallel Forces Acting on a Rigid Body

13. Elementary Examples in Plane Statics

14. The Law of Static Friction

15. Examples Using the Law of Static Friction

16. Theory of the Center of Gravity

17. The Three Types of Equilibrium

Chapter 3. Dynamics of A Particle

18. Coordinate Systems and Fundamental Concepts of Dynamics

19. Kinematics

20. The Most Important Cases in Kinematics

21. Newton's Laws

22. Application of Newton's Laws

23. Sliding and Rolling Friction

24. Momentum

25. The Law of Areas for Central Forces

26. Newton's Law of Gravitation

27. Transformation to Accelerated Coordinate Systems

28. Work and Energy

29. The Principle of Conservation of Energy

30. Power and Efficiency

31. Harmonic Motion

32. Examples of Linear Restoring Forces

33. Damped Harmonic Motion

34. Phase Relations in Harmonic Motion

35. Complex Numbers, Phasors, and Superposition of Harmonic Oscillations along one Axis

36. Beats

37. Superposition of Harmonic Oscillations along two Axes. Lissajous Figures

38. Forced Oscillations and Resonance

39. The Laws of Collision

40. Relative Motion. Collisions with a Moving Wall

41. Relative Accelerations. Inertial Forces in Relative Motion

Chapter 4. Dynamics of Rigid Bodies

42. Motion of the Center of Mass; The Center of Mass Law

43. The Law of Rotational Motion for Rotation about a Fixed Axis. The Angular Momentum Law

44. Moments of Inertia

45. Applications of the Angular Momentum Law to Rotation about a Fixed Axis

46. The General Law of Rotational Motion

47. Elementary Theory of the Top

48. Calculation of the Ellipsoid of Inertia of Symmetrical Bodies

Chapter 5. Elasticity

49. The General Concept of Stress

50. The State of Plane Stress

51. The Mohr Circle for the State of Plane Stress

52. Deformation and Strain

53. The Limits of Validity of Hooke's Law

54. Plane Bending of a Beam

55. The Elastic Curve of a Bent Beam

56. Pure Torsion

57. The Spiral Spring

Chapter 6. Mechanics of Fluids

58. Statics of Ideal Liquids

59. Aerostatics; the Study of Gases at Rest

60. Statics of Real Liquids

61. Hydrodynamics of Ideal Liquids

62. Hydrodynamics of Real Liquids

Chapter 7. Basic Concepts of Thermodynamics

63. Introduction

64. The Concept of Temperature

65. The Principles of Thermal Expansion

66. Absolute Temperature and the Ideal Gas Law

67. The Mass Units of Thermodynamics

68. The Equation of State of an Ideal Gas

69. The Concept of Quantity of Heat

70. Measurement of Heat. Calorimetry

71. Specific Heat Capacities of Gases, Liquids and Solids

72. Transition Points. Latent Heats

Chapter 8. Kinetic Theory

73. Thermal Motion

74. Kinetic Theory of an Ideal Gas

75. The van der Waals Theory of a Gas

76. Sizes of Molecules. Collision Frequency. Mean Free Path

77. Diffusion

78. Heat Transfer

Chapter 9. Crystal Structure of Solids

79. Fundamental Principles

80. The Basic Cell Types of the Elements (A-types)

81. Some Basic Cell Types of Inorganic Compounds

Chapter 10. The Laws of Thermodynamics

82. The First Law of Thermodynamics

83. Application of the First Law to Cyclic Processes

84. Molecular Interpretation of the First Law

85. Isothermal and Adiabatic Processes in Ideal Gases

86. The Second Law of Thermodynamics

87. The Reversible Carnot Cycle using an Ideal Gas

88. Measure of the Irreversibility of a Process. Entropy

89. Irreversible Processes

90. A Special Cyclic Process for a van der Waals Gas

Chapter 11. Applications of the First and Second Laws

91. Thermodynamic Properties; State Variables and State Functions

92. Phenomenological Properties of Matter

93. Thermodynamic Functions and Maxwell's Relations

94. The Joule-Kelvin Effect

95. Equilibrium Conditions of a Chemical Reaction

Appendix I. Definitions of Concentration

Appendix II. Calculation of Moments Of Inertia

Appendix III. Absolute Density of Water

Appendix IV. Approximate Values of Some Important Physical Constants

Problems for the Student



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About the Author

P. Frauenfelder

P. Huber

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