Introduction to Floriculture - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780124376502, 9781483269986

Introduction to Floriculture

1st Edition

Editors: Roy A. Larson
eBook ISBN: 9781483269986
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 28th May 1980
Page Count: 628
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Description

Introduction to Floriculture provides an introduction to commercial floriculture, containing information on major and minor greenhouse and field crops, and includes potted plants and cut flowers.
The book is organized into two parts. Part I on cut flowers discusses the history and propagation of chrysanthemums, carnations, roses, snapdragons, orchids, gladiolus, and minor cut crops. Part II on potted plants includes bulbous plants, azaleas, pot mums, African violets, poinsettias, and Easter lilies. This book was written for students who have been exposed to a sufficient number of biology courses to acquaint them with many of the terms and plant processes discussed in the text. It would be beneficial if they have also taken a course in greenhouse management or are taking one concurrently with their floriculture course. The book can be used by commercial growers who constantly seek more information to enable them to realize maximum gain from the investments of labor, time, and capitol they have placed in this challenging field.

Table of Contents


List of Contributors

Preface

I Cut Flowers

1 Cut Chrysanthemums

I. History

II. Classification

III. Propagation

IV. Soil Preparation

V. Mineral Nutrition

VI. Vegetative Growth

VII. Flowering of Production Plants

VIII. Inflorescence Initiation and Development

IX. Year-Round Flowering

X. Flowering during the Natural Season

XI. Improving Inflorescence Quality with Photo-period

XII. Use of Selected Growth Regulators

XIII. Diseases

XIV. Pests

XV. Other Problems

XVI. Postharvest Handling

References

2 Carnations

I. Introduction

II. Propagation

III. Vegetative Stage

IV. The Flowering Stage

V. Problems and Their Control

VI. Handling of the Finished Product

VII. The Future

References

3 Roses

I. History

II. Botanical Information

III. Cultivars Past and Present

IV. Propagation

V. Plant Culture

VI. Insects, Diseases, and Physiological Disorders

VII. Postharvest Handling

References

4 Snapdragons

I. Introduction

II. CropProduction

III. Plant Protection and Pest Control

IV. Care and Handling of the Finished Product

References

5 Orchids

I. Introduction

II. Botanical Information

III. Prominent Genera Grown as Cut Flowers

IV. Propagation

V. Plant Culture

VI. Field Production in the Tropics

VII. Insects, Diseases, and Physiological Disorders

VIII. Harvesting and Handling Cut Flowers

References

6 Gladiolus

I. Introduction: Historical Background

II. Taxonomy

III. Prominent Cultivars

IV. Propagation

V. Flowering Stock Culture

VI. Pest Control

VII. Harvesting and Handling Flowers

References

7 Minor Cut Crops

I. Introduction

II. Principal Crops

References

II Potted Plants

8 Bulbous Plants

I. Introduction

II. Bulb Production Phase

III. Marketable Bulbs

IV. Programming and Greenhouse Phases

V. Diseases, Insects, and Physiological Disorders

VI. Handling of Marketable Products

References

9 Azaleas

I. Taxonomy

II. Propagation

III. Plant Culture

IV. Control of Pests

V. Physiological Disorders

VI. Marketing of Plants

References

10 Pot Mums

I. Introduction

II. Propagation

III. Plant Culture

IV. Control of Insects, Diseases, and Physiological Disorders

V. Handling of Finished Product

References

11 Gloxinias, African Violets, and Other Gesneriads

I. Introduction

II. Sinningia speciosa-Florist's Gloxinia

III. Saintpaulia ionantha-African Violet

IV. Episcia Species-Flaming Violet

V. Sinningia pusilla and the Miniature Hybrids

VI. Stemless Streptocarpus Hybrids

References

12 Poinsettias

I. Introduction

II. Growth Requirements and Plant Responses

III. Commercial Production

IV. Consumer Satisfaction and Marketing

References

13 Easter Lilies

I. Origin and Native Habitat

II. History

III. Morphology

IV. Influence of Temperature and Photoperiod Treatments on Flower Induction

V. Commercial Bulb Production, Programming, and Forcing

VI. Cultural Considerations

VII. Problems

References

14 Hydrangeas

I. Introduction

II. Growth

III. Flowering

IV. Growth Redardants

V. Scheduling

VI. Pests

VII. Postgreenhouse Care

References

15 Cyclamen

I. Introduction

II. History and Taxonomy

III. Cultivars

IV. Production

V. Propagation

VI. Vegetative Growth

VII. Flowering

VIII. Keeping Quality

IX. Schedules

X. Problems

References

16 Begonias

I. Introduction

II. Begonia Species

III. Insect and Disease Problems

References

17 Kalanchoe

I. History

II. Botanical Information

III. Propagation

IV. Plant Culture

V. Flowering

VI. Height Control

VII. Handling the Finished Product

VIII. Diseases

IX. Insects

References

18 Other Flowering Pot Plants

I. Introduction

II. Calceolaria herbeohybrida

III. Campanula isophylla 441

IV. Capsicum Species and Solanum pseudocapsicum

V. Clerodendrum Thomsoniae

VI. Exacum affine

VII. Pachystachys lutea

VIII. Pelargonium

IX. Primula

X. Rosa

XI. Schlumbergera

XII. Senecio xhybridus

XIII. Streptocarpus

References

19 Bedding Plants

I. Introduction

II. Bedding Plants-A Definition

III. History

IV. Bedding Plant Families

V. Planning for Future Crops

VI. Propagation

VII. Preparation for Transplanting

VIII. Greenhouse Soils and Mixes

IX. The Growing Environment

X. Problems

XI. Finding a Market

References

20 Hanging Baskets

I. Introduction

II. Containers

III. Soil Mixtures

IV. Watering

V. Fertilization

VI. Planting in the Container

VII. Growing Procedure

VIII. Pinching

IX. Shipping and Handling

X. Marketing

XI. Selection of Plant Material

XII. Window Boxes

XIII. Combination Boxes or Pots

XIV. Vertical Gardens

References

21 Foliage Plants

I. History and Background

II. Botanical Information

III. Propagation

IV. Culture

V. Flowering Stage

VI. Control of Insects, Diseases, Nematodes, and Physiological Disorders

VII. Handling of Finished Plants

References

Glossary

Index

Details

No. of pages:
628
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1980
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9781483269986

About the Editor

Roy A. Larson