List of contributors. Preface. Overview (D.S. Prasada Rao, J. Salazar-Carrillo). Global, Regional and Sectoral Comparisons. International comparison program in the 1980's and 1990's (Z. Kenessey). Latin American comparisons for 1985 (J. Salazar-Carrillo). Intercountry comparisons of agricultural output and productivity 1970-1990 (Statistics Division). A perspective on international comparisons of capital (M. Ward). Comparative price and productivity levels: Korea and the United States (D. Pilat). China: The dollar value of gross domestic product (R.M. Field). An assessment of the United Nations scale of assessments 1946-1994 (L.H. Officer). Methodological Issues. Van IJzeren's method of international price and volume comparison: An exposition (B.M. Balk). Consistency in aggregation principle for multilateral comparisons of purchasing power parities and real products (S.H. Khamis). Stochastic approach to international comparisons of prices and real income (D.S. Prasada Rao, E.A. Selvanathan). Structure of international prices: A production-based approach (Y. Kurabayashi). A reconsideration of log-change index numbers for international comparisons (D.S. Prasada Rao, J. Salazar-Carrillo). Regression estimates of percapita GDP based on purchasing power parities (S. Ahmaed). The PPP doctrine, long term exchange rates and a new method to estimate real gross domestic products (E. Lancieri). Productivity, factor endowments, military expenditures, and national price levels (J.H. Bergstrand).