Intercalation Chemistry

Intercalation Chemistry

1st Edition - January 28, 1982

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  • Author: Stanley M Whittingha
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323140409

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Intercalation Chemistry introduces the specialist reader to the breadth of intercalation chemistry and the newcomer to the diverse research opportunities and challenges available in synthetic and reaction chemistry and also in the controlled modification of physical properties. Topics covered range from graphite chemistry to sheet silicate intercalates, diffusion and shape-selective catalysis in zeolites, organic and organometallic intercalation compounds of the transition metal dichalcogenides, and solvated intercalation compounds of layered chalcogenide and oxide bronzes. This book is comprised of 18 chapters and begins with an introduction to intercalation chemistry. The discussions that follow focus on the intercalation chemistry of graphite and of complex oxides with both two (clays and acid phosphates)- and three (zeolites)-dimensional structures, along with organic conversions that have been discovered using essentially smectite (i.e., montmorillonite- and hectorite-based) intercalates. The next chapters focus on β-aluminas, acid salts of tetravalent metals with layered structure, and layered chalcogenides and halides with simple and hydrated cations as well as organic and organometallic ions. The book also considers the chemistry, thermodynamics, and applications of intermetallic compounds that incorporate hydrogen, intercalation in the context of biological systems, crystallographic shear structures, and intercalation reactions of oxides and chalcogenides of vanadium, molybdenum, and tungsten. The final chapter touches on the physical properties of some intercalation compounds of the dichalcogenides. This book is intended for researchers in the various materials science disciplines.

Table of Contents

  • List of Contributors


    1 Intercalation Chemistry: An Introduction

    I. Introduction

    II. Transition Metal Dichalcogenides

    III. Graphite

    IV. Transition Metal Oxides

    V. Aluminum Oxide Hosts

    VI. Energy of Intercalation

    VII. Summary


    2 Graphite Chemistry

    I. Introduction

    II. Graphite

    III. Some General Aspects of Graphite Intercalation Compounds

    IV. Intercalation with Graphite Reduction

    V. Intercalation with Graphite Oxidation

    VI. Intercalation without Apparent Oxidation or Reduction of the Graphite


    3 Sheet Silicate Intercalates: New Agents for Unusual Chemical Conversions

    I. Introduction

    II. Structural Features

    III. Techniques for Elucidating the Nature of Intercalated Clays

    IV. Unusual Chemical Conversions of Organic Molecules Using Silicate Intercalates

    V. Future Possibilities


    4 Diffusion and Shape-Selective Catalysis in Zeolites

    I. Introduction

    II. Structural Aspects of Zeolites

    III. Intracrystalline Diffusion in Zeolites

    IV. Shape-Selective Catalysis in Zeolites

    V. Conclusions


    5 Intercalation Chemistry of Acid Salts of Tetravalent Metals with Layered Structure and Related Materials

    I. Introduction

    II. Acid Salts with Layered Structure of the α Type

    III. Intercalation Chemistry of α-Zirconium Phosphate

    IV. Intercalation Behavior of Other Layered Acid Salts of the α Type

    V. Acid Salts with Layered Structure of the γ Type

    VI. Organic Derivatives of α- and γ-Zirconium Phosphates and Their Intercalation Behavior

    VII. Conclusion


    6 The Intercalation Chemistry of β-Alumina

    I. Introduction

    II. Nonstoichiometric β-Aluminas

    III. Hydrogen-Containing β-Aluminas

    IV. Metastable β-Aluminas


    7 Organic and Organometallic Intercalation Compounds of the Transition Metal Dichalcogenides

    I. Introduction

    II. Structures of the Transition Metal Dichalcogenides

    III. Organic Intercalation Compounds of the Dichalcogenides

    IV. Organometallic Intercalation Compounds


    8 Intercalation Chemistry of Metal Phosphorus Trichalcogenides

    I. Metal Phosphorus Trichalcogenides

    II. Intercalation Chemistry of Metal Phosphorus Trichalcogenides


    9 Structural Aspects of Monovalent Cation Intercalates of Layered Dichalcogenides

    I. Introduction

    II. Structure and Bonding in the Host Materials

    III. The Intercalated Layered Dichalcogenides


    10 Solvated Intercalation Compounds of Layered Chalcogenide and Oxide Bronzes

    I. Introduction

    II. General Aspects of Solvation and Polyelectrolyte Properties

    III. Transition Metal Dichalcogenides

    IV. Related Layered Chalcogenides

    V. Layered Oxide Bronzes

    VI. Conclusions


    11 Intercalation of Halides

    I. Normal-Valent Halides

    II. Oxyhalides

    III. Reduced Halides with Metal-Metal Interactions

    IV. Hydrogen in Reduced Halides


    12 Intercalation Chemistry of Metal Chalcogenohalides

    I. Introduction

    II. Structure, Synthesis, and Physical Properties of Layered Metal Oxyhalides

    III. Intercalation Compounds with Cationic Guests

    IV. Intercalation Compounds with "Neutral" Amine Guests

    V. Topochemical Substitution Reactions

    VI. Addendum


    13 Hydrogen-Containing Materials

    I. Introduction

    II. Intermetallic Compounds

    III. Hydrogen Sorption in Intermetallic Compounds

    IV. Thermodynamic Considerations

    V. Technical Applications


    14 Intercalation in Biological Systems

    I. Early Investigations of the Interaction of Planar Aromatic Cations with DNA

    II. The Classical Intercalation Model

    III. Development of the Intercalation Model

    IV. Thermodynamics of Intercalation

    V. Nonclassical Intercalation

    VI. Applications of Intercalation


    15 Reactions in Crystallographic Shear Structures

    I. Introduction

    II. Crystallographic Shear and the Structure of Crystallographic Shear Compounds

    III. Reactions in Crystallographic Shear Structures


    16 Oxide Insertion Compounds

    I. Introduction

    II. Preparative Methods

    III. MoO3-Derived Insertion Compounds

    IV. V2O5-Derived Insertion Compounds

    V. WO3-Derived Insertion Compounds

    VI. Miscellaneous

    VII. Summary of Thermodynamic Data

    VIII. Conclusions


    17 Lithium Intercalation Compounds of Vanadium Chalcogenides

    I. Introduction

    II. Oxides

    III. Sulfides and Selenides

    IV. Summary


    18 Physical Properties of Intercalation Compounds of Transition Metal Dichalcogenides

    I. Introduction

    II. Metal Intercalates in Chalcogenide Hosts

    III. Organic Intercalates and Superconductivity



Product details

  • No. of pages: 611
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1982
  • Published: January 28, 1982
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323140409

About the Author

Stanley M Whittingha

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