Intercalation Chemistry - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780127473802, 9780323140409

Intercalation Chemistry

1st Edition

Authors: Stanley M Whittingha
eBook ISBN: 9780323140409
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 28th January 1982
Page Count: 611
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Intercalation Chemistry introduces the specialist reader to the breadth of intercalation chemistry and the newcomer to the diverse research opportunities and challenges available in synthetic and reaction chemistry and also in the controlled modification of physical properties. Topics covered range from graphite chemistry to sheet silicate intercalates, diffusion and shape-selective catalysis in zeolites, organic and organometallic intercalation compounds of the transition metal dichalcogenides, and solvated intercalation compounds of layered chalcogenide and oxide bronzes. This book is comprised of 18 chapters and begins with an introduction to intercalation chemistry. The discussions that follow focus on the intercalation chemistry of graphite and of complex oxides with both two (clays and acid phosphates)- and three (zeolites)-dimensional structures, along with organic conversions that have been discovered using essentially smectite (i.e., montmorillonite- and hectorite-based) intercalates. The next chapters focus on β-aluminas, acid salts of tetravalent metals with layered structure, and layered chalcogenides and halides with simple and hydrated cations as well as organic and organometallic ions. The book also considers the chemistry, thermodynamics, and applications of intermetallic compounds that incorporate hydrogen, intercalation in the context of biological systems, crystallographic shear structures, and intercalation reactions of oxides and chalcogenides of vanadium, molybdenum, and tungsten. The final chapter touches on the physical properties of some intercalation compounds of the dichalcogenides. This book is intended for researchers in the various materials science disciplines.

Table of Contents

List of Contributors


1 Intercalation Chemistry: An Introduction

I. Introduction

II. Transition Metal Dichalcogenides

III. Graphite

IV. Transition Metal Oxides

V. Aluminum Oxide Hosts

VI. Energy of Intercalation

VII. Summary


2 Graphite Chemistry

I. Introduction

II. Graphite

III. Some General Aspects of Graphite Intercalation Compounds

IV. Intercalation with Graphite Reduction

V. Intercalation with Graphite Oxidation

VI. Intercalation without Apparent Oxidation or Reduction of the Graphite


3 Sheet Silicate Intercalates: New Agents for Unusual Chemical Conversions

I. Introduction

II. Structural Features

III. Techniques for Elucidating the Nature of Intercalated Clays

IV. Unusual Chemical Conversions of Organic Molecules Using Silicate Intercalates

V. Future Possibilities


4 Diffusion and Shape-Selective Catalysis in Zeolites

I. Introduction

II. Structural Aspects of Zeolites

III. Intracrystalline Diffusion in Zeolites

IV. Shape-Selective Catalysis in Zeolites

V. Conclusions


5 Intercalation Chemistry of Acid Salts of Tetravalent Metals with Layered Structure and Related Materials

I. Introduction

II. Acid Salts with Layered Structure of the α Type

III. Intercalation Chemistry of α-Zirconium Phosphate

IV. Intercalation Behavior of Other Layered Acid Salts of the α Type

V. Acid Salts with Layered Structure of the γ Type

VI. Organic Derivatives of α- and γ-Zirconium Phosphates and Their Intercalation Behavior

VII. Conclusion


6 The Intercalation Chemistry of β-Alumina

I. Introduction

II. Nonstoichiometric β-Aluminas

III. Hydrogen-Containing β-Aluminas

IV. Metastable β-Aluminas


7 Organic and Organometallic Intercalation Compounds of the Transition Metal Dichalcogenides

I. Introduction

II. Structures of the Transition Metal Dichalcogenides

III. Organic Intercalation Compounds of the Dichalcogenides

IV. Organometallic Intercalation Compounds


8 Intercalation Chemistry of Metal Phosphorus Trichalcogenides

I. Metal Phosphorus Trichalcogenides

II. Intercalation Chemistry of Metal Phosphorus Trichalcogenides


9 Structural Aspects of Monovalent Cation Intercalates of Layered Dichalcogenides

I. Introduction

II. Structure and Bonding in the Host Materials

III. The Intercalated Layered Dichalcogenides


10 Solvated Intercalation Compounds of Layered Chalcogenide and Oxide Bronzes

I. Introduction

II. General Aspects of Solvation and Polyelectrolyte Properties

III. Transition Metal Dichalcogenides

IV. Related Layered Chalcogenides

V. Layered Oxide Bronzes

VI. Conclusions


11 Intercalation of Halides

I. Normal-Valent Halides

II. Oxyhalides

III. Reduced Halides with Metal-Metal Interactions

IV. Hydrogen in Reduced Halides


12 Intercalation Chemistry of Metal Chalcogenohalides

I. Introduction

II. Structure, Synthesis, and Physical Properties of Layered Metal Oxyhalides

III. Intercalation Compounds with Cationic Guests

IV. Intercalation Compounds with "Neutral" Amine Guests

V. Topochemical Substitution Reactions

VI. Addendum


13 Hydrogen-Containing Materials

I. Introduction

II. Intermetallic Compounds

III. Hydrogen Sorption in Intermetallic Compounds

IV. Thermodynamic Considerations

V. Technical Applications


14 Intercalation in Biological Systems

I. Early Investigations of the Interaction of Planar Aromatic Cations with DNA

II. The Classical Intercalation Model

III. Development of the Intercalation Model

IV. Thermodynamics of Intercalation

V. Nonclassical Intercalation

VI. Applications of Intercalation


15 Reactions in Crystallographic Shear Structures

I. Introduction

II. Crystallographic Shear and the Structure of Crystallographic Shear Compounds

III. Reactions in Crystallographic Shear Structures


16 Oxide Insertion Compounds

I. Introduction

II. Preparative Methods

III. MoO3-Derived Insertion Compounds

IV. V2O5-Derived Insertion Compounds

V. WO3-Derived Insertion Compounds

VI. Miscellaneous

VII. Summary of Thermodynamic Data

VIII. Conclusions


17 Lithium Intercalation Compounds of Vanadium Chalcogenides

I. Introduction

II. Oxides

III. Sulfides and Selenides

IV. Summary


18 Physical Properties of Intercalation Compounds of Transition Metal Dichalcogenides

I. Introduction

II. Metal Intercalates in Chalcogenide Hosts

III. Organic Intercalates and Superconductivity




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© Academic Press 1982
Academic Press
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About the Author

Stanley M Whittingha

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