Intelligence

Intelligence

Its Organization and Development

1st Edition - January 1, 1972

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  • Author: Michael Cunningham
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483264776

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Description

Intelligence: Its Organization and Development is an account of the theory of intelligence, with emphasis on its organization and development. It proposes a formalized approach to intelligence, one that is sufficiently precise and abstract to allow a working model to be built on modern computers, but that is also sufficiently flexible and factual to allow an interpretation and unification of some of the findings and concepts of psychology. Comprised of five chapters, this book begins with an overview of a model that reflects some psychological reality and at the same time builds computer-based systems that display some degree of intelligence. Several bodies of psychological knowledge and theory are reorganized and synthesized into this single model, which is amenable to rapid, simple, and efficient computation. The cell assembly theory of Donald Hebb is simplified to its bare essentials, and Jean Piaget's theory of the development of sensorimotor intelligence is made more concrete and explicit. Concepts such as drive and reinforcement are subsumed by the inclusion of the orienting and defense responses as variable controls on channel capacity. The structure of learning and memory is also considered, along with major sensorimotor systems. This monograph should be a valuable resource for both psychologists and computer scientists interested in intelligence.

Table of Contents


  • Preface

    Chapter 1. An Approach to the Problem

    Introduction; Two Approaches to Modeling

    Joining the Two Approaches

    A Formalism

    Chapter 2. The Mind of a Child (Exceedeth Our Understanding)

    Stage I: Reflex Exercise; Beginning from Birth

    Stage II: Primary Circular Reactions; Beginning in the Second Week

    Stage III: Secondary Circular Reactions; Beginning in the Fourth Month

    Stage IV: Familiar Procedures in New Situations; Beginning in the Eighth Month

    Stage V: Active Experimentation; Beginning in the Eleventh Month

    Stage VI: Mental Recombinations; Beginning in the Second Year

    Summary of the Sensorimotor Period

    Chapter 3. Major Sensorimotor Systems

    The Visual System

    The Auditory and Vocal Systems

    Chapter 4 Old Wine in the New Model

    The Structure of Learning and Memory

    Short Term Memory: Reverberations in the Data Structure

    Conditioning as a Form of Coordination

    Control: States of the Attention Span

    Drive and Motive Inferred from the Model

    The Cognitive Reflexes

    The Underlying Reality: The Brain and its Function

    Chapter 5. Elaborations and Speculations

    The Assembly and its Meaning

    Conceptualization

    Language

    Computer Implementation

    Summary: No Conclusions, and Confession

    References

    Subject Index


Product details

  • No. of pages: 184
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1972
  • Published: January 1, 1972
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483264776

About the Author

Michael Cunningham

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