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Integrative Anatomy and Pathophysiology in TCM Cardiology - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780128001233, 9780128006412

Integrative Anatomy and Pathophysiology in TCM Cardiology

1st Edition

Author: Anika Al-Shura
eBook ISBN: 9780128006412
Paperback ISBN: 9780128001233
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 10th April 2014
Page Count: 96
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Integrative Anatomy and Pathophysiology in Traditional Chinese Medicine Cardiology covers the structure, function, and pathology of the cardiovascular system from the TCM and western medical perspectives. It focuses specifically on western medicine anatomy and pathophysiology, along with TCM aspects of essence, qi, blood and body fluid concepts, production, and function to explain cardiovascular system dysfunction, its independent role and dependent interactions with the functions of other organ systems.

This book is designed for US-based licensed TCM practitioners as well as cardiology researchers.

Key Features

  • Compares and contrasts the TCM basic theories and western medicine basic sciences
  • Gives a specific connection between the heart dysfunction and the disease mechanisms of other organ systems using TCM and western medicine terms and diagnoses
  • Prepares the practitioner to sit for the Niambi Wellness Integrative Anatomy and pathophysiology in cardiology final online exam


This book is intended for U.S. based licensed TCM practitioners, cardiologists and researchers of TCM and cardiology.

Table of Contents

  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgments
  • Introduction
    • Approving Agencies
    • Course Description
    • Course Objectives
  • Section I: Cardiovascular Anatomy
    • Chapter 1. Cardiac Cells
      • Chapter Objectives
      • 1.1 Part 1: Cell Physiology
      • 1.2 Part 2: Vascular Function
      • Notes
    • Chapter 2. Cardiac Structure
      • Chapter Objectives
      • 2.1 Part 1: Heart Anatomy
      • 2.2 Part 2: Cardiac Arteries
      • 2.3 Part 3: Veins
      • 2.4 Part 4: Capillaries
      • 2.5 Part 5: Lymphatic System
      • Notes
    • Chapter 3. Cardiac System
      • Chapter Objectives
      • 3.1 Part 1: Heart Circulation
      • 3.2 Part 2: Systemic Circulation
      • Notes
  • Section II: Cardiovascular Physiology
    • Chapter 4. Cardiac Rhythm
      • Chapter Objectives
      • 4.1 Part 1: Cardiac Muscle Structure
      • 4.2 Part 2: Cardiac Muscle Contractility
      • 4.3 Part 3: Electrical Activity
      • Notes
    • Chapter 5. Pumping Actions
      • Chapter Objectives
      • 5.1 Part 1: Cardiac Cycle
      • 5.2 Part 2: Regulation
      • 5.3 Part 3: Preload on Stroke Volume
      • 5.4 Part 4: Inotropy (Contractility)
      • 5.5 Part 5: Afterload on Stroke Volume
      • Notes
    • Chapter 6. Vascular Function and Circulation
      • Chapter Objectives
      • 6.1 Part 1: Calcium Channels
      • 6.2 Part 2: Contraction of Smooth Muscle
      • 6.3 Part 3: Endothelial Factors
      • 6.4 Part 4: Metabolites
      • Notes
    • Chapter 7. Humeral Control
      • Chapter Objectives
      • 7.1 Part 1: Local Hormones
      • 7.2 Part 2: System Hormones
      • Notes
    • Chapter 8. Nervous System Regulation
      • Chapter Objectives
      • 8.1 Part 1: Autonomic Nervous System
      • 8.2 Part 2: Sympathetic Reflexes
      • 8.3 Part 3: Parasympathetic Reflexes
      • Notes
  • Section III: Pathology
    • Chapter 9. Overview of Western and TCM Perspectives
      • Chapter Objectives
      • 9.1 Part 1: Traditional Chinese Medicine
      • 9.2 Part 2: Basic Medical Science
      • Notes
    • Chapter 10. Lung Diseases
      • Chapter Objectives
      • 10.1 Part 1: Traditional Chinese Medicine
      • 10.2 Part 2: Basic Medical Science
      • 10.3 Part 3: Lung Diseases
      • Notes
    • Chapter 11. Brain Diseases
      • Chapter Objectives
      • 11.1 Part 1: Traditional Chinese Medicine
      • 11.2 Part 2: Basic Medical Science
      • 11.3 Part 3: Brain Diseases
      • Notes
    • Chapter 12. Kidney Diseases
      • Chapter Objectives
      • 12.1 Part 1: Traditional Chinese Medicine
      • 12.2 Part 2: Basic Medical Science
      • 12.3 Part 3: Kidney Diseases
      • Notes
    • Chapter 13. Liver Diseases
      • Chapter Objectives
      • 13.1 Part 1: Traditional Chinese Medicine
      • 13.2 Part 2: Basic Medical Science
      • 13.3 Part 3: Liver Diseases
      • Notes
    • Chapter 14. Spleen Diseases
      • Chapter Objectives
      • 14.1 Part 1: Traditional Chinese Medicine
      • 14.2 Part 2: Basic Medical Science
      • 14.3 Part 3: Splenic Diseases
      • Notes
    • Chapter 15. Gastrointestinal Diseases
      • Chapter Objectives
      • 15.1 Part 1: Chinese Medicine
      • 15.2 Part 2: Basic Medical Science
      • 15.3 Part 3: Gastrointestinal Diseases
      • Notes


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© Academic Press 2014
10th April 2014
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
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About the Author

Anika Al-Shura

Dr. Anika Niambi Al-Shura is originally from Louisville, Ky, USA. She has one son, one grandson and resides in Kentucky and Florida, USA. She enjoys cultivating medicinal plants and formulating medicinal herb recipes, soap making, fine art, travelling internationally to meet people for learning new cultures and ways of living, mountain hiking and relaxing on the beach near the ocean. Dr. Al-Shura has 14 continuous years of formal education involving Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) clinical practice, advanced medical study, research and education between the United States, Italy and China. In 2004, her master’s degree in Oriental Medicine was earned from East West College of Natural Medicine in Florida, USA. In mainland China between 2004 and 2014, she earned hospital study, advanced scholar and specialty certificates in Chinese medicine, internal medicine and surgery and cardiology from several university affiliated hospitals. Those hospitals include Shandong University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shandong Provincial Hospital and Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese Medicine. Her subspecialty training in TCM is in interventional cardiology involving the catherization lab. Dr. Al-Shura earned her PhD in medical education in 2014 through the University Ambrosiana program. Her dissertation on Integrative Cardiovascular Chinese Medicine (ICCM) became her first textbook entitled, “Integrative Cardiovascular Chinese Medicine: A Personalized Medicine Perspective”. This book was one of 7 textbooks written to introduce the concepts of ICCM. All were published and released together through Elsevier Academic Press in 2014. Those textbooks are utilized for the level 1 program studies in ICCM with continuing medical education (CME) courses. Eight additional textbooks were written on the establishment and development of intermediate ICCM theories and practices. Those textbooks are utilized for the level 2 program CME studies in ICCM. Those 8 textbooks are part of the Integrative Cardiovascular Chinese Medicine series and were published and released together through Elsevier Academic Press in 2019. Dr. Al-Shura is currently a faculty member at Everglades University in Florida, where she teaches medical and healthcare course in the Bachelors of Alternative Medicine program. She also has Niambi Wellness Institute, based in Florida and Kentucky, where Integrative Cardiovascular Chinese Medicine research and work continues. It includes a natural pharmacy lab and a continuing medical education (CME) program. The natural pharmacy researches, formulates, manufactures and distributes various patented and original formulations using TCM herbs. The CME program includes TCM cardiology courses which grant credits towards NCCAOM, state medical board and state TCM board license renewals in the United States.

Affiliations and Expertise

Niambi Wellness Institute, Integrative Cardiovascular Chinese Medicine, FL, USA

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