Integrative Anatomy and Pathophysiology in TCM Cardiology

1st Edition

Authors: Anika Al-Shura
Paperback ISBN: 9780128001233
eBook ISBN: 9780128006412
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 14th April 2014
Page Count: 96
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Integrative Anatomy and Pathophysiology in Traditional Chinese Medicine Cardiology covers the structure, function, and pathology of the cardiovascular system from the TCM and western medical perspectives. It focuses specifically on western medicine anatomy and pathophysiology, along with TCM aspects of essence, qi, blood and body fluid concepts, production, and function to explain cardiovascular system dysfunction, its independent role and dependent interactions with the functions of other organ systems.

This book is designed for US-based licensed TCM practitioners as well as cardiology researchers.

Key Features

  • Compares and contrasts the TCM basic theories and western medicine basic sciences
  • Gives a specific connection between the heart dysfunction and the disease mechanisms of other organ systems using TCM and western medicine terms and diagnoses
  • Prepares the practitioner to sit for the Niambi Wellness Integrative Anatomy and pathophysiology in cardiology final online exam


This book is intended for U.S. based licensed TCM practitioners, cardiologists and researchers of TCM and cardiology.

Table of Contents

  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgments
  • Introduction

    • Approving Agencies
    • Course Description
    • Course Objectives
  • Section I: Cardiovascular Anatomy

    • Chapter 1. Cardiac Cells

      • Chapter Objectives
      • 1.1 Part 1: Cell Physiology
      • 1.2 Part 2: Vascular Function
      • Notes
    • Chapter 2. Cardiac Structure

      • Chapter Objectives
      • 2.1 Part 1: Heart Anatomy
      • 2.2 Part 2: Cardiac Arteries
      • 2.3 Part 3: Veins
      • 2.4 Part 4: Capillaries
      • 2.5 Part 5: Lymphatic System
      • Notes
    • Chapter 3. Cardiac System

      • Chapter Objectives
      • 3.1 Part 1: Heart Circulation
      • 3.2 Part 2: Systemic Circulation
      • Notes
  • Section II: Cardiovascular Physiology

    • Chapter 4. Cardiac Rhythm

      • Chapter Objectives
      • 4.1 Part 1: Cardiac Muscle Structure
      • 4.2 Part 2: Cardiac Muscle Contractility
      • 4.3 Part 3: Electrical Activity
      • Notes
    • Chapter 5. Pumping Actions

      • Chapter Objectives
      • 5.1 Part 1: Cardiac Cycle
      • 5.2 Part 2: Regulation
      • 5.3 Part 3: Preload on Stroke Volume
      • 5.4 Part 4: Inotropy (Contractility)
      • 5.5 Part 5: Afterload on Stroke Volume
      • Notes
    • Chapter 6. Vascular Function and Circulation

      • Chapter Objectives
      • 6.1 Part 1: Calcium Channels
      • 6.2 Part 2: Contraction of Smooth Muscle
      • 6.3 Part 3: Endothelial Factors
      • 6.4 Part 4: Metabolites
      • Notes
    • Chapter 7. Humeral Control

      • Chapter Objectives
      • 7.1 Part 1: Local Hormones
      • 7.2 Part 2: System Hormones
      • Notes
    • Chapter 8. Nervous System Regulation

      • Chapter Objectives
      • 8.1 Part 1: Autonomic Nervous System
      • 8.2 Part 2: Sympathetic Reflexes
      • 8.3 Part 3: Parasy


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© Academic Press 2014
Academic Press
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About the Author

Anika Al-Shura

Anika Niambi Al-Shura, MSOM, PhD is originally from Louisville, KY and founded Niambi Wellness Institute, LLC in 1994. Since that time Dr. Anika has been transitioning practice perspectives from alternative healthcare in medical massage therapy to integrative Chinese medicine. In 2004, Dr. Anika earned her bachelors in Professional Health Sciences and masters degree in Oriental Medicine from East West College of Natural Medicine, travelled to China and continued her 10 year medical study and a career in teaching until 2014. Dr. Anika studied at Shandong University of Traditional Chinese Medicine Hospital, Jujiiang Medical University Hospital and Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese Medicine Hospital. She earned study certificates in Chinese internal medicine, internal medicine and general surgery, and a specialty in Chinese medicine cardiology. During her teaching career, Dr. Anika taught medical subjects and research at Shandong Medical University, Jiujiang Medical College and Tianjin Medical University. While teaching, she completed her dissertation on Integrative Cardiovascular Chinese Medicine, and received her doctorate in medical education in 2014. Since 2014, Dr. Anika has been living in Florida, where she is developing the Integrative Cardiovascular Chinese Medicine (ICCM) study program at Niambi Wellness. There are 8 courses in the program which were approved by NCCAOM and Florida Medical Board of Acupuncture for awarding CE credits to licensed practitioners. The course textbooks for the program were published by Elsevier Academic Press. Eligibility and registration information can be found at

Affiliations and Expertise

Director, CEU Instructor, Niambi Wellness Institute, LLC, Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine