Integrated Design and Simulation of Chemical Processes - 2nd Edition - ISBN: 9780444627001, 9780444627087

Integrated Design and Simulation of Chemical Processes, Volume 13

2nd Edition

Authors: Alexandre Dimian Costin Bildea Anton Kiss
eBook ISBN: 9780444627087
Hardcover ISBN: 9780444627001
Imprint: Elsevier Science
Published Date: 23rd September 2014
Page Count: 886
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Table of Contents

  • Preface
  • Acknowledgements
  • Chapter 1: Integrated Process and Product Design
    • Abstract
    • 1.1 Introduction
    • 1.2 Integrated process and product design
    • 1.3 Chemical product design
    • 1.4 Systems engineering
    • 1.5 Sustainable product and process design
    • 1.6 Summary
  • Chapter 2: Introduction in Process Simulation
    • Abstract
    • 2.1 Computer simulation in process engineering
    • 2.2 Steps in a simulation approach
    • 2.3 Architecture of flowsheeting software
    • 2.4 Integration of simulation tools
    • 2.5 Summary and concluding remarks
  • Chapter 3: Steady-State Flowsheeting
    • Abstract
    • 3.1 Fundamentals of steady-state flowsheeting
    • 3.2 Degrees of freedom analysis
    • 3.3 Methodology in sequential-modular flowsheeting
    • 3.4 Results
    • 3.5 Analysis tools
    • 3.6 Summary
  • Chapter 4: Dynamic Simulation
    • Abstract
    • 4.1 Introduction
    • 4.2 Dynamic models
    • 4.3 Introduction to dynamic modelling and dynamic simulation
    • 4.4 CSTR with vapour–liquid equilibrium
    • 4.5 Dynamic distillation column
    • 4.6 Process control tools
    • 4.7 Dynamic flowsheeting
    • 4.8 Further reading
  • Chapter 5: Generalised Computational Methods in Thermodynamics
    • Abstract
    • 5.1 Introduction
    • 5.2 PVT behaviour of fluids
    • 5.3 Fundamentals of thermodynamics
    • 5.4 Fugacity
    • 5.5 Equations of state
    • 5.6 Generalised computational methods using PVT relationship
    • 5.7 Summary
  • Chapter 6: Phase Equilibria
    • Abstract
    • 6.1 Introduction
    • 6.2 Computation of vapour–liquid equilibrium
    • 6.3 Models for LACT
    • 6.4 Combined EoS and excess Gibbs energy model
    • 6.5 The regression of parameters in thermodynamic models
    • 6.6 Special topics in phase equilibrium
    • 6.7 Selection of a thermodynamic model
    • 6.8 Further reading
  • Chapter 7: Process Synthesis by the Hierarchical Approach
    • Abstract
    • 7.1 Introduction
    • 7.2 Outline of the Hierarchical Approach
    • 7.3 Input data and requirements
    • 7.4 Chemistry and thermodynamics
    • 7.5 Input/Output analysis
    • 7.6 Reactor/Separation/Recycle
    • 7.7 General structure of the separation system
    • 7.8 Optimisation of the material balance
    • 7.9 Process Integration
    • 7.10 Integration of design and control
    • 7.11 Summary
  • Chapter 8: Synthesis of Reaction Systems
    • Abstract
    • 8.1 Chemical reaction network
    • 8.2 Chemical equilibrium
    • 8.3 Reaction rate
    • 8.4 Reactors for homogeneous systems
    • 8.5 Reactors for heterogeneous systems
    • 8.6 Reactors for biochemical processes
    • 8.7 Thermal design issues
    • 8.8 Selection of chemical reactors
    • 8.9 Synthesis of chemical reactor networks
    • 8.10 Further reading
  • Chapter 9: Synthesis of Separation Systems
    • Abstract
    • 9.1 Methodology
    • 9.2 Vapour recovery and gas separation system
    • 9.3 Liquid separation system
    • 9.4 Separation of zeotropic mixtures by distillation
    • 9.5 Enhanced distillation
    • 9.6 Hybrid separations
    • 9.7 Azeotropic distillation
    • 9.8 Summary
  • Chapter 10: Process Intensification
    • Abstract
    • 10.1 Introduction
    • 10.2 Process intensification equipment
    • 10.3 Dividing-wall column
    • 10.4 Reactive distillation
    • 10.5 Examples
    • 10.6 Summary
  • Chapter 11: Batch Processes
    • Abstract
    • 11.1 Introduction
    • 11.2 Batch distillation
    • 11.3 Batch reactors
    • 11.4 Integration of design and control of batch reactors
    • 11.5 Other batch processes
    • 11.6 Summary and further reading
  • Chapter 12: Chemical Product Design
    • Abstract
    • 12.1 Introduction
    • 12.2 Classification of chemical products
    • 12.3 Methodology for product and process design
    • 12.4 Physical properties issues in product design
    • 12.5 Application examples
    • 12.6 Concluding remarks
  • Chapter 13: Pinch Point Analysis
    • Abstract
    • 13.1 Introduction
    • 13.2 Targets for energy recovery
    • 13.3 Placement of utilities
    • 13.4 Design of the HEN
    • 13.5 Mathematical Programming
    • 13.6 Design evolution
    • 13.7 Extensions of the Pinch principle
    • 13.8 Software tools
    • 13.9 Summary of PPA
  • Chapter 14: Applied Energy Integration
    • Abstract
    • Introduction
    • 14.1 Heat and power integration
    • 14.2 Energy saving in distillation
    • 14.3 Integration of chemical reactors
    • 14.4 Total site integration
    • 14.5 Summary
  • Chapter 15: Plantwide Control
    • Abstract
    • 15.1 Introduction
    • 15.2 Introduction to process control
    • 15.3 Plantwide control
    • 15.4 Summary of plantwide control methodology
    • 15.5 Concluding remarks
    • 15.6 Appendix
  • Chapter 16: Health, Safety and Environment
    • Abstract
    • 16.1 Introduction
    • 16.2 Norms and regulations for HSE
    • 16.3 Hazards description in HSE
    • 16.4 Material safety data sheet
    • 16.5 Inherently safer design
    • 16.6 Pressure relief systems
    • 16.7 Protection against fire and explosion risks
    • 16.8 Hazard analysis and operability studies
    • 16.9 Concluding remarks
  • Chapter 17: Sustainability Analysis
    • Abstract
    • 17.1 Introduction
    • 17.2 Life cycle assessment
    • 17.3 Eco-cost value ratio
    • 17.4 Eco-efficiency analysis
    • 17.5 Socio-eco-efficiency analysis
    • 17.6 AIChE sustainability index
    • 17.7 Sustainability metrics for design projects
    • 17.8 Concluding remarks
  • Chapter 18: Process Design Project
    • Abstract
    • 18.1 Introduction
    • 18.2 Organisation
    • 18.3 Process design courses
    • 18.4 Integrated design project
    • 18.5 Plant design project
    • 18.6 Subjects
    • 18.7 Concluding remarks
  • Chapter 19: Economic Evaluation of Projects
    • Abstract
    • 19.1 Introduction
    • 19.2 Basic concepts
    • 19.3 Time value of money
    • 19.4 Capital costs
    • 19.5 Operating costs
    • 19.6 Profitability analysis
    • 19.7 Conclusions
  • Chapter 20: Equipment Selection and Design
    • Abstract
    • 20.1 Introduction
    • 20.2 Reactors
    • 20.3 Separators
    • 20.4 Heat exchangers design
    • 20.5 Transport of fluids
  • Chapter 21: Case Studies
    • Abstract
    • 21.1 Introduction
    • 21.2 Design and simulation of a HDA plant
    • 21.3 Design and robust optimisation of a process for GTBE manufacturing
    • 21.4 Design and simulation of a reactive DWC for biodiesel production
  • Appendices
    • Abstract
    • 1 Appendix A – Estimation of basic equipment cost
    • 2 Appendix B – Cost of utilities
    • 3 Appendix C – Materials of construction
    • 4 Appendix D – Saturated steam properties
    • 5 Appendix E – Vapour pressure of some hydrocarbons
    • 6 Appendix F – Vapour pressure of some organic components
    • 7 Appendix G – Conversion factors to SI units
  • Index

Description

This comprehensive work shows how to design and develop innovative, optimal and sustainable chemical processes by applying the principles of process systems engineering, leading to integrated sustainable processes with 'green' attributes. Generic systematic methods are employed, supported by intensive use of computer simulation as a powerful tool for mastering the complexity of physical models.

New to the second edition are chapters on product design and batch processes with applications in specialty chemicals, process intensification methods for designing compact equipment with high energetic efficiency, plantwide control for managing the key factors affecting the plant dynamics and operation, health, safety and environment issues, as well as sustainability analysis for achieving high environmental performance. All chapters are completely rewritten or have been revised.

This new edition is suitable as teaching material for Chemical Process and Product Design courses for graduate MSc students, being compatible with academic requirements world-wide. The inclusion of the newest design methods will be of great value to professional chemical engineers.

Key Features

  • Systematic approach to developing innovative and sustainable chemical processes
  • Presents generic principles of process simulation for analysis, creation and assessment
  • Emphasis on sustainable development for the future of process industries

Readership

Chemical engineering and industrial chemistry university departments; libraries of companies in basic chemicals, petrochemicals, refining and gas processing; engineering contractors; chemical engineers; undergraduate and postgraduate students.


Details

No. of pages:
886
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Elsevier Science 2014
Published:
Imprint:
Elsevier Science
eBook ISBN:
9780444627087
Hardcover ISBN:
9780444627001

About the Authors

Alexandre Dimian Author

Alexandre C. Dimian is a retired Professor from the University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands, where he taught Process Design and Integration from 1993 to 2008, as well as at Technical University Eindhoven from 2009 to 2011. He wrote his PhD thesis in chemical engineering at the Technical University of Bucharest, Romania, and TU Hannover, Germany. His career embraced the evolution of process simulation in the last 30 years. He is one of the pioneers in Europe of using scientific computation and process simulation in industry since 1982, working many years as consultant for computer-aided process design in various industries in France and in The Netherlands. He published more than 100 refereed scientific papers and five books, from which two books about chemical process design were published by Elsevier and Wiley, and has five patents to his name.

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Costin Bildea Author

Costin Sorin Bildea is currently professor at the University "Politehnica" of Bucharest (Romania) where he teaches process design and process control courses. Previously he worked as assistant professor at Delft University of Technology and researcher at University of Amsterdam, the Netherlands. He holds two MSc degrees in chemical engineering and industrial process control from University "Politehnica" of Bucharest, as well as a PhD title from the University of Amsterdam, the Netherlands. Prof. Bildea is a specialist in the field of nonlinear dynamics and in integration between process design and process control. He published more than 70 scientific papers, as well as a book by Wiley (a complete list of publications can be found at www.researcherid.com/rid/B-3075-2010). In 2009, he received the prestigious "Nicolae Teclu" prize of Romanian Academy for his publications in the field of design, control and automation in industrial process engineering.

Affiliations and Expertise

University Politehnica of Bucharest, Bucharest, Romania

Anton Kiss Author

Anton Alexandru Kiss holds a scientific position of Senior Project Leader at AkzoNobel – Research, Development & Innovation (The Netherlands), where he acts as the principal expert in separation technologies, reactive-separation processes, process intensification and integrated sustainable processes with 'green' attributes, while mastering as well process modeling and simulation of industrial processes. He holds a PhD title from University of Amsterdam, and he was also Post Doctoral research fellow at TU Delft and University of Amsterdam. In the past decade, he carried out more than 120 research & industrial projects, supervised numerous graduation projects, while also publishing several textbooks, book chapters, and patents, as well as over 60 scientific articles in highly-ranked peer-reviewed journals (Elsevier and Wiley). Recently, he was rewarded for his pioneering work and remarkable achievements with the AkzoNobel Innovation Excellence Award 2013, and the Hoogewerff Jongerenprijs 2013 – a very prestigious award recognizing the most promising young scientist in chemical engineering. More information is available at the personal website of the author: www.tonykiss.com

Affiliations and Expertise

AkzoNobel RD&I, Deventer, The Netherlands