Insect Pests of Potato

Insect Pests of Potato

Global Perspectives on Biology and Management

2nd Edition - March 17, 2022

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  • Editors: Andrei Alyokhin, Silvia Rondon, Yulin Gao
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128212370
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323984140

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Description

This fully revised and updated second edition of Insect Pests of Potato now includes an opening section with a basic overview of agronomic and economic issues as they relate to potato production. It also features a new section that reviews potato production, as well as problems caused by insect pests and solutions to these problems, in all major potato-growing regions of the world. Further, a new section discusses theoretical foundations of potato pest management and includes chapters on ecological theory, evolutionary theory, and a case study on their applications to elucidate differences between Eastern and Western populations of Colorado potato beetle in North America. There is also a new chapter on the foundations of integrated pest management and their applications in controlling insect pests.      The sections on the biology of main pests and on control methods now feature the latest information, including emphasis on recent advances in molecular biology and genomics. Information on the use of dsRNA technology for pest control is also included, as are new chapters on potato ladybirds and on hemipterous pests other than aphids and psyllids.       This second edition provides improved integration and logical connections among chapters and expanded geographic scope of coverage making it the ideal reference on the topic. 

Key Features

  • Fully revised and updated with new sections on potato-growing regions and theoretical foundations of potato pest management using ecological theory, evolutionary theory and relevant case study insights
  • Contains improved integration and logical connections among chapters, expanded geographic scope of coverage, and scientific advances
  • Emphasizes recent advances in molecular biology and genomics, including the use of dsRNA technology for pest control

 

Readership

Faculty, research associates, and graduate students specializing in agricultural disciplines, extension specialists, scientists and regulators at state agencies dealing with agricultural issues, crop consultants, and crop specialists employed by large corporate farms and grower organizations. Advanced undergraduate students working on independent research projects and term papers. Members Entomological Society of America, Potato Association of America, Crop Science Society of America, and their equivalents in other parts of the world

Table of Contents

  • Cover image
  • Title page
  • Table of Contents
  • Copyright
  • List of contributors
  • Preface
  • Part I. Potato as an important staple crop
  • Chapter 1. Potatoes and their pests: setting the stage
  • 1.1. History and present status
  • 1.2. Potatoes and human civilization
  • 1.3. Insect pests
  • 1.4. Meeting the challenge
  • Chapter 2. Growing potatoes
  • 2.1. Introduction
  • 2.2. Geographic distribution
  • 2.3. Climate requirements
  • 2.4. Soil requirements
  • 2.5. Soil reaction (pH)
  • 2.6. Major inputs: nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, sulfur, and organic matter
  • 2.7. Irrigation requirements
  • 2.8. Seed planting depth, spacing, and hilling
  • 2.9. Time to maturity
  • 2.10. Types of cultivars
  • 2.11. Remote sensing
  • Chapter 3. Economic considerations in potato production
  • 3.1. Introduction
  • 3.2. Economics of seed pricing and production
  • 3.3. Frozen processed potatoes
  • 3.4. Potato chips
  • 3.5. Fresh potatoes
  • 3.6. Storage economics
  • 3.7. US potato consumption trends
  • 3.8. Potato demand
  • 3.9. Global trends and future prospects for potato demand in developing countries
  • Part II. Biology of major pests
  • Chapter 4. Colorado potato beetle
  • 4.1. Taxonomy and morphological description
  • 4.2. Origins and history of spread
  • 4.3. Genetic variability
  • 4.4. Pest status and yield loss
  • 4.5. Seasonal life cycle and diapause
  • 4.6. Interactions with host plants
  • 4.7. Reproduction and individual development
  • 4.8. Movement and dispersal
  • 4.9. Management implications
  • Chapter 5. Aphids
  • 5.1. Basic biology
  • 5.2. Interactions with host plants
  • 5.3. Virus transmission
  • 5.4. Management approaches
  • 5.5. Summary and future directions
  • Chapter 6. Psyllids
  • 6.1. Introduction
  • 6.2. Potato psyllid (Bactericera cockerelli)
  • 6.3. Other psyllids
  • 6.4. Final remarks
  • Chapter 7. Wireworms as pests of potato
  • 7.1. Introduction
  • 7.2. Elaterid biology
  • 7.3. Species of economic importance in the holarctic
  • 7.4. Differences within economic species
  • 7.5. Wireworms and the potato crop
  • 7.6. Sampling
  • 7.7. Wireworm control
  • 7.8. Conclusions
  • Chapter 8. Potato tuberworm
  • 8.1. Taxonomy of P. operculella and other “tuberworms”
  • 8.2. Phthorimaea operculella distribution around the world
  • 8.3. Host range
  • 8.4. Life cycle
  • 8.5. Life table
  • 8.6. Damage in the field
  • 8.7. Damage from field to storage
  • 8.8. Developmental thresholds and temperatures
  • 8.9. Monitoring Phthorimaea operculella
  • 8.10. Integrated pest management of P. operculella
  • 8.11. Conclusions
  • Chapter 9. Hemipterans, other than aphids and psyllids affecting potatoes worldwide
  • 9.1. Introduction
  • 9.2. Leafhoppers
  • 9.3. Planthoppers
  • 9.4. True bugs
  • 9.5. Conclusion
  • Chapter 10. Potato ladybirds
  • 10.1. Underappreciated defoliator
  • 10.2. Morphology
  • 10.3. Geographic distribution, host range, and taxonomy
  • 10.4. Damage
  • 10.5. Biology
  • 10.6. Management
  • 10.7. Conclusions and future directions
  • Part III. Management approaches
  • Chapter 11. Chemical control
  • 11.1. Introduction
  • 11.2. Early history of chemical control in potatoes
  • 11.3. The pesticide treadmill
  • 11.4. A plethora of chemical control options still available in the 21st century
  • 11.5. Insecticide options for organic potatoes
  • 11.6. Chemical control of hemipteran pests
  • 11.7. Chemical control of wireworms
  • 11.8. Chemical control of potato tuberworm
  • 11.9. Final thoughts
  • Chapter 12. Insecticidal RNA interference (RNAi) for control of potato pests
  • 12.1. Introduction
  • 12.2. Parameters affecting insecticidal activity of dsRNA
  • 12.3. Delivery of dsRNA to potato pests
  • 12.4. Safety of insecticidal dsRNA
  • 12.5. Use of dsRNA against potato pests
  • 12.6. Resistance to dsRNA and management in potato
  • 12.7. Conclusions and future prospects
  • Chapter 13. Biological and behavioral control of potato insect pests
  • 13.1. Introduction
  • 13.2. Natural enemies of major potato pests
  • 13.3. Biological and behavioral control deployments
  • 13.4. Endophytic fungi
  • 13.5. Pheromones for monitoring and population management
  • 13.6. Interactions of biological and behavioral control
  • 13.7. Current and future research needs
  • 13.8. Conclusion
  • Chapter 14. Potato resistance against insect herbivores
  • 14.1. Introduction
  • 14.2. Natural variation in potato insect resistance
  • 14.3. Engineered resistance
  • 14.4. Constraints on host plant resistance
  • 14.5. Future directions
  • Chapter 15. Cultural control and other non-chemical methods
  • 15.1. Introduction
  • 15.2. Management of abiotic conditions
  • 15.3. Management of biotic conditions
  • 15.4. Examples of habitat management
  • 15.5. Concluding remarks
  • Part IV. Problems and solutions in major potato-producing areas of the world
  • Chapter 16. Latin America potato production: pests and foes
  • 16.1. History of potato production in Latin America
  • 16.2. Unintentional and intentional breeding efforts
  • 16.3. Potato's contribution to the national economies
  • 16.4. Potato issues in Latin America
  • 16.5. Integrated pest management approach to control pest problems in potatoes: common issues across diverse regions
  • 16.6. Main pests affecting potato production in Latin America
  • 16.7. Natural enemies
  • Chapter 17. The United States of America and Canada
  • 17.1. Introduction
  • 17.2. Potato farming in overall economy
  • 17.3. Local agroclimatic conditions
  • 17.4. Main producers and market conditions
  • 17.5. Main insect pests
  • 17.6. Methods of pest control
  • 17.7. Problems and perspectives
  • Chapter 18. Regional overview of potato pest problem in EU
  • 18.1. Potato has been cultivated in Europe for over 500 years
  • 18.2. Two major pests of potato in Europe
  • 18.3. Potato farming was worth EUR 11 billion in 2017
  • 18.4. Biggest current pest problems
  • 18.5. Means of mitigating pest problems
  • 18.6. Future challenges
  • Chapter 19. Russian Federation, Belarus, and Ukraine
  • 19.1. History and local characteristics of potato production
  • 19.2. Russian Federation
  • 19.3. Republic of Belarus
  • 19.4. Ukraine
  • 19.5. Summary and conclusions
  • Chapter 20. China and Central Asia
  • 20.1. Potato production in China and Central Asia
  • 20.2. Abundance, the relative importance of potato pests in China and Central Asia
  • 20.3. Management practices of key potato pests in China and Central Asia
  • 20.4. Conclusions
  • Chapter 21. Insect pests of potato in India: biology and management
  • 21.1. Introduction
  • 21.2. Root and tuber-eating pests
  • 21.3. Sap-feeding pests
  • 21.4. Leaf-eating and defoliating insects
  • Chapter 22. Australia and New Zealand
  • 22.1. Overview of the industry
  • 22.2. Main pests
  • 22.3. Control methods
  • Chapter 23. Management of potato pests and diseases in Africa
  • 23.1. Overview
  • 23.2. Potato pests and diseases
  • 23.3. Pest and disease management practices
  • 23.4. Conclusion
  • Part V. Basic science in potato pest management
  • Chapter 24. Evolutionary considerations in potato pest management
  • 24.1. Introduction
  • 24.2. Fundamentals of evolution
  • 24.3. Applied evolution
  • 24.4. Evolution in agricultural ecosystems
  • 24.5. Evolutionary process of becoming a pest
  • 24.6. An obscure leaf beetle turns into a major pest of potatoes
  • 24.7. Insecticide resistance
  • 24.8. Interactions with abiotic environment
  • 24.9. Human turn to adapt?
  • 24.10. Conclusions
  • Chapter 25. Ecology of a potato field
  • 25.1. “Potatoes partly made of oil”
  • 25.2. An underappreciated challenge
  • 25.3. Healthy soils and healthy plants
  • 25.4. Dawn of the killer fungi
  • 25.5. The power of connections
  • Chapter 26. Ecological and evolutionary factors mitigating Colorado potato beetle adaptation to insecticides
  • 26.1. Introduction
  • 26.2. Genetic variation
  • 26.3. Pesticide use
  • 26.4. Noncrop host plants
  • 26.5. Natural enemies
  • 26.6. Crop rotation
  • 26.7. Climate suitability
  • 26.8. Future research
  • 26.9. Conclusion
  • Part VI. Current challenges and future directions
  • Chapter 27. Integrated Pest Management (IPM) in potatoes
  • 27.1. What is IPM?
  • 27.2. The elements of IPM
  • 27.3. An IPM strategy for potatoes typical in Australia
  • 27.4. Taught everywhere but typically slow and low rates of adoption. Why?
  • 27.5. Changing to IPM when a crisis occurs or avoiding a crisis. Examples beyond potatoes
  • 27.6. How to achieve rapid adoption of IPM in the absence of a crisis
  • 27.7. Conclusion
  • Chapter 28. Epilogue: the road to sustainability
  • Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 518
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 2022
  • Published: March 17, 2022
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128212370
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323984140

About the Editors

Andrei Alyokhin

Dr. Andrei Alyokhin received B.S. degree in Education in Biology and Chemistry from Moscow Pedagogical State University in Moscow, Russia. He then completed a Ph.D. in Entomology at the University of Massachusetts in Amherst, advised by Dr. David Ferro. After doing post-doctoral work at the University of Hawaii under the supervision of Dr. Russell Messing, he joined faculty at the University of Maine in January of 2001 as an Assistant Professor of Applied Entomology. He was promoted to Associate Professor in 2007, and then to Professor in 2013. He also served one term as a Director of the School of Biology and Ecology. Dr. Alyokhin is interested in applied insect ecology, behavior, evolution of insecticide resistance, and integrated pest management. He is working mostly in potato agroecosystems, although recently he also started looking at insect mediated recycling of organic wastes. Dr. Alyokhin has authored or co-authored 181 publications, including 83 peer-reviewed articles in scientific journals. He also taught or co-taught Insect Ecology, Pesticides and the Environment, Biological Invasions, Introductory Applied Entomology, Evolution, Advanced Insect Pest Ecology and Management, Capstone Experience in Biological Sciences, and Professionalism in Biology. In addition, Dr. Alyokhin maintains an extensive outreach program to a variety of stakeholders, including potato growers, other crop production professionals, natural resource managers, K-12 students, and members of the general public. He is a recipient of several professional awards from Entomological Society of America, National Association of County Agricultural Agents, Aroostook County Extension Association, College of Natural Sciences, Food, and Agriculture at the University of Maine, and the U.S. National Park Service.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor, School of Biology and Ecology University of Maine Orono, Maine, USA

Silvia Rondon

Dr. Silvia I. Rondon is a Professor and Extension Entomology Specialist and Oregon State University Extension Entomologist Specialist affiliated to the Hermiston Agricultural Research and Extension Center and the Department of Crop & Soil Sciences. Silvia received her BA and MS in Entomology at the Agraria University in Lima, Perú, and her PhD in Crop Sciences with a major in Integrated Pest Management from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign where she worked on the influence of different cropping systems on the population dynamics of the western corn rootworm (Diabrotica virgifera virgifera LeConte). In 2002, Silvia worked as a Postdoctoral Associate in the Horticulture Department at the University of Florida in Gainesville. In Florida, her responsibility was to develop an integrated pest management program for field and greenhouse strawberries to reduce insecticide use. In 2005, Silvia joined Oregon State University. Her area of expertise is pest management, insect ecology, insect distribution, population dynamics, insects-plant interactions, biological control, and chemical control. Her works involves various cropping systems including potatoes, onions, sweet corn, small fruits, and other high value vegetables. She has over 150 peer reviewed scientific and extension papers, book chapters, non-peer reviewed publications, abstracts, and reports. She has brought over $35 million in private, state, and federal grants through her collaborations around the world. She enjoys travelling and nature as well as spending time with her husband and two kids.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor and Extension Entomology Specialist, Director, Oregon Integrated Pest Management Center, College of Agricultural Sciences, Crop and Soil Sciences Department, Hermiston Agricultural Research and Extension Center, Oregon State University

Yulin Gao

Dr. Yulin Gao was Professor of Entomology working at Institute of Plant Protection, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences in Beijing, China. His primary research focus has been on integrated pest management of potato and vegetable crops. Dr Gao has authored more than 80 journal articles (2 in the Annual Review of Entomology) and book chapters, and he serves as the Executive Editor of the well-known international journal Pest Management Science. Furthermore he serves as an editorial board member for a number of journals including Journal of Economic Entomology and Journal of Pest Science. Dr. Gao also served as scientific advisory board member for 2020ICE Finland; committee member of International Branch of ESA; and the Vice President of APRS-IOBC. Dr Gao holds three degrees in entomology: B.S.,Southwest University, Chongqing (2003); M.S (2006) and Ph.D(2009) from Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor, State Key Laboratory for Biology of Plant Diseases and Insect Pests, Institute of Plant Protection Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences Beijing, P.R, China

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