Insect Pests of Potato

Insect Pests of Potato

Global Perspectives on Biology and Management

1st Edition - August 8, 2012
There is a Newer Edition Available
  • Editors: Andrei Alyokhin, Charles Vincent, Philippe Giordanengo
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780123868954
  • eBook ISBN: 9780123868961

Purchase options

Purchase options
Available
DRM-free (PDF, Mobi, EPub)
Sales tax will be calculated at check-out

Institutional Subscription

Free Global Shipping
No minimum order

Description

Insect Pests of Potato: Biology and Management provides a comprehensive source of up-to-date scientific information on the biology and management of insects attacking potato crops, with an international and expert cast of contributors providing its contents. This book presents a complete review of the scientific literature from the considerable research effort over the last 15 years, providing the necessary background information to the subject of studying the biology management of insect pests of potatoes, assessment of recent scientific advances, and a list of further readings. This comprehensive review will be of great benefit to a variety of scientists involved in potato research and production, as well as to those facing similar issues in other crop systems.

Key Features

  • Written by top experts in the field, this is the only publication covering the biology, ecology and management of all major potato pests
  • Emphasizes ecological and evolutionary approaches to pest management
  • Summarizes information from hard-to-get publications in China, India, and Russia

Readership

Scientists working in potato production (entomologists, plant pathologists, agronomists, plant breeders, and agroecologists); agricultural researchers at federal and state agencies; pest managers; IPM practitioners (cooperative extension personnel and crop advisors), and advanced undergraduate/graduate students studying entomology and agricultural science

Table of Contents

  • Preface

    Contributors

    PART I: Potato as an Important Staple Crop

    Chapter 1. Potatoes and their Pests – Setting the Stage

    Prologue: A Short History of the Potato

    Potatoes and People

    Biology and Agronomic Issues

    Potato Markets

    Insects of the Potato

    REFERENCES

    PART II: Biology of Major Pests

    Chapter 2. The Colorado Potato Beetle

    Introduction

    Taxonomic Position and Morphological Description

    Origins and History of Spread

    Geographic Variability

    Pest Status

    Seasonal Life Cycle and Diapause

    Interactions with Host Plants

    Reproduction and Individual Development

    Movement and Dispersal

    Management Implications

    REFERENCES

    Chapter 3. Aphids as Major Potato Pests

    Introduction

    Life Cycles, Reproduction and Dispersion

    Biodiversity and the Most Important Economic Species on Potato

    Feeding on Phloem: A Real Challenge for Aphids

    Virus Vectors and Diseases

    Interaction With Plants

    Critical Issues in Research and Management

    Conclusion

    REFERENCES

    Chapter 4. Leafhopper and Psyllid Pests of Potato

    Introduction

    Leafhoppers

    Psyllids

    Potato/Tomato Psyllid (Bactericera cockerelli)

    REFERENCES

    Chapter 5. Wireworms as Pests of Potato

    Introduction

    Elaterid Biology

    Species of Economic Importance in the Holarctic

    Differences Within Economic Species

    Wireworms and the Potato Crop

    Sampling

    Wireworm Control

    Conclusions

    REFERENCES

    Chapter 6. Biology and Ecology of Potato Tuber Moths as Major Pests of Potato

    Introduction

    Origin, Distribution, and Host Range

    Infestation, Damage Development, and Yield Loss

    Morphology

    Biology and Ecology

    Parasitoids as an Important Functional Group of Natural Enemies

    Conclusions

    Acknowledgements

    REFERENCES

    Chapter 7. Other Pests – China

    An Overview of Potato Cultivation in China

    Major Potato Pests in China

    REFERENCES

    Chapter 8. Insect Pests of Potato in India: Biology and Management

    Introduction

    Root and Tuber-Eating Pests

    Sap-Feeding Pests

    Leaf-Eating and Defoliating Insects

    REFERENCES

    PART III: The Potato Field as a Managed Ecosystem

    Chapter 9. Spud Web: Species Interactions and Biodiversity in Potatoes

    Introduction

    Plant Biodiversity

    Herbivore Biodiversity

    Natural Enemy Biodiversity

    Getting Even With Pests: Natural Balance and Biocontrol

    Summary and Future Directions

    Acknowledgments

    REFERENCES

    Chapter 10. Interactions among Organic Soil Amendments, Plants, and Insect Herbivores

    Introduction

    Insect Pest Pressure in Organic Agriculture

    Evidence from Potatoes

    Possible Mechanisms

    Integrated Approach

    REFERENCES

    Chapter 11. Aphid-Borne Virus Dynamics in the Potato-Weed Pathosystem

    Introduction to the Potato-Viral Pathosystem

    Components of the Potato-Viral Pathosystem

    Aphid–Virus Interactions

    Weed Hosts and Aphid–Virus Interactions

    Weed Management and Potato Virus Epidemics

    REFERENCES

    Chapter 12. Successional and Invasive Colonization of the Potato Crop by the Colorado Potato Beetle: Managing Spread

    Introduction

    A Mobile Pest with a Dual Personality

    Colonization Types

    Potato Colonization

    Management of Successional, Expansionist and Invasive Colonization

    Summary and Future Directions

    Acknowledgments

    REFERENCES

    PART IV: Management Approaches

    Chapter 13. Chemical Control of Potato Pests

    Introduction

    Early History of Chemical Control in Potatoes

    The Pesticide Treadmill

    A Plethora of Chemical Control Options for Colorado Potato Beetle

    Chemical Control of Hemipteran Pests

    Chemical Control of Wireworms

    Chemical Control of Potato Tuberworm

    Final Thoughts

    REFERENCES

    Chapter 14. Biological Control of Potato Insect Pests

    Introduction

    Natural Enemies of Major Potato Pests

    Biological Control Interaction with Other Management Methods

    Current and Future Research Needs

    Acknowledgments

    REFERENCES

    Chapter 15. Potato Resistance Against Insect Herbivores: Resources and Opportunities

    Introduction

    Conventional Resistance

    Engineered Resistance

    Constraints on HPR

    Future Directions

    REFERENCES

    Chapter 16. Biopesticides

    Introduction

    Microbial Pesticides and Other Entomopathogens

    Plant-Incorporated Protectants (PIPS)

    Biochemical Pesticides

    Conclusions

    List of Abbreviations

    REFERENCES

    Chapter 17. Physical Control Methods

    Introduction

    Pests Causing Direct Damage

    Pests Causing Indirect Damage

    Types of Physical Control Techniques and their Applications

    Conclusions

    REFERENCES

    Chapter 18. Cultural Control and other Non-Chemical Methods

    Introduction

    Management of Abiotic Conditions

    Effect of Soil Moisture

    Management of Biotic Conditions

    Concluding Remarks

    REFERENCES

    Chapter 19. Evolutionary Considerations in Potato Pest Management

    Introduction

    Fundamentals of Evolution

    Applied Evolution

    Evolution in Agricultural Ecosystems

    The Evolutionary Process of Becoming a Pest

    An Obscure Leaf Beetle Turns into a Major Pest of Potatoes

    Insecticide Resistance

    Resistance to Non-Chemical Control Methods

    Resistance Management

    Interactions with the Abiotic Environment

    Humans’ Turn to Adapt?

    REFERENCES

    PART V: Current Challenges and Future Directions

    Chapter 20. Epilogue: The Road to Sustainability

    REFERENCES

    Index

    Color Plate

Product details

  • No. of pages: 616
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 2012
  • Published: August 8, 2012
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780123868954
  • eBook ISBN: 9780123868961
  • About the Editors

    Andrei Alyokhin

    Dr. Andrei Alyokhin received B.S. degree in Education in Biology and Chemistry from Moscow Pedagogical State University in Moscow, Russia. He then completed a Ph.D. in Entomology at the University of Massachusetts in Amherst, advised by Dr. David Ferro. After doing post-doctoral work at the University of Hawaii under the supervision of Dr. Russell Messing, he joined faculty at the University of Maine in January of 2001 as an Assistant Professor of Applied Entomology. He was promoted to Associate Professor in 2007, and then to Professor in 2013. He also served one term as a Director of the School of Biology and Ecology. Dr. Alyokhin is interested in applied insect ecology, behavior, evolution of insecticide resistance, and integrated pest management. He is working mostly in potato agroecosystems, although recently he also started looking at insect mediated recycling of organic wastes. Dr. Alyokhin has authored or co-authored 153 publications, including 65 peer-reviewed articles in scientific journals. He also taught or co-taught Insect Ecology, Pesticides and the Environment, Biological Invasions, Introductory Applied Entomology, Advanced Insect Pest Ecology and Management, Capstone Experience in Biological Sciences, and Professionalism in Biology. In addition, Dr. Alyokhin maintains an extensive outreach program to a variety of stakeholders, including potato growers, other crop production professionals, natural resource managers, K-12 students, and members of the general public. He is a recipient of several professional awards from National Association of County Agricultural Agents, Aroostook County Extension Association, College of Natural Sciences, Food, and Agriculture at the University of Maine, and the U.S. National Park Service.

    Affiliations and Expertise

    Professor, University of Maine, Orono, ME, USA

    Charles Vincent

    Affiliations and Expertise

    Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu, QC, Canada

    Philippe Giordanengo

    Affiliations and Expertise

    Institut Sophia Agrobiotech, Sophia Antipolis, France