Insect Pests of Potato - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780123868954, 9780123868961

Insect Pests of Potato

1st Edition

Global Perspectives on Biology and Management

Editors: Andrei Alyokhin Charles Vincent Philippe Giordanengo
eBook ISBN: 9780123868961
Hardcover ISBN: 9780123868954
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 8th August 2012
Page Count: 616
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Description

Insect Pests of Potato: Biology and Management provides a comprehensive source of up-to-date scientific information on the biology and management of insects attacking potato crops, with an international and expert cast of contributors providing its contents. This book presents a complete review of the scientific literature from the considerable research effort over the last 15 years, providing the necessary background information to the subject of studying the biology management of insect pests of potatoes, assessment of recent scientific advances, and a list of further readings. This comprehensive review will be of great benefit to a variety of scientists involved in potato research and production, as well as to those facing similar issues in other crop systems.

Key Features

  • Written by top experts in the field, this is the only publication covering the biology, ecology and management of all major potato pests
  • Emphasizes ecological and evolutionary approaches to pest management
  • Summarizes information from hard-to-get publications in China, India, and Russia

Readership

Scientists working in potato production (entomologists, plant pathologists, agronomists, plant breeders, and agroecologists); agricultural researchers at federal and state agencies; pest managers; IPM practitioners (cooperative extension personnel and crop advisors), and advanced undergraduate/graduate students studying entomology and agricultural science

Table of Contents

Preface

Contributors

PART I: Potato as an Important Staple Crop

Chapter 1. Potatoes and their Pests – Setting the Stage

Prologue: A Short History of the Potato

Potatoes and People

Biology and Agronomic Issues

Potato Markets

Insects of the Potato

REFERENCES

PART II: Biology of Major Pests

Chapter 2. The Colorado Potato Beetle

Introduction

Taxonomic Position and Morphological Description

Origins and History of Spread

Geographic Variability

Pest Status

Seasonal Life Cycle and Diapause

Interactions with Host Plants

Reproduction and Individual Development

Movement and Dispersal

Management Implications

REFERENCES

Chapter 3. Aphids as Major Potato Pests

Introduction

Life Cycles, Reproduction and Dispersion

Biodiversity and the Most Important Economic Species on Potato

Feeding on Phloem: A Real Challenge for Aphids

Virus Vectors and Diseases

Interaction With Plants

Critical Issues in Research and Management

Conclusion

REFERENCES

Chapter 4. Leafhopper and Psyllid Pests of Potato

Introduction

Leafhoppers

Psyllids

Potato/Tomato Psyllid (Bactericera cockerelli)

REFERENCES

Chapter 5. Wireworms as Pests of Potato

Introduction

Elaterid Biology

Species of Economic Importance in the Holarctic

Differences Within Economic Species

Wireworms and the Potato Crop

Sampling

Wireworm Control

Conclusions

REFERENCES

Chapter 6. Biology and Ecology of Potato Tuber Moths as Major Pests of Potato

Introduction

Origin, Distribution, and Host Range

Infestation, Damage Development, and Yield Loss

Morphology

Biology and Ecology

Parasitoids as an Important Functional Group of Natural Enemies

Conclusions

Acknowledgements

REFERENCES

Chapter 7. Other Pests – China

An Overview of Potato Cultivation in China

Major Potato Pests in China

REFERENCES

Chapter 8. Insect Pests of Potato in India: Biology and Management

Introduction

Root and Tuber-Eating Pests

Sap-Feeding Pests

Leaf-Eating and Defoliating Insects

REFERENCES

PART III: The Potato Field as a Managed Ecosystem

Chapter 9. Spud Web: Species Interactions and Biodiversity in Potatoes

Introduction

Plant Biodiversity

Herbivore Biodiversity

Natural Enemy Biodiversity

Getting Even With Pests: Natural Balance and Biocontrol

Summary and Future Directions

Acknowledgments

REFERENCES

Chapter 10. Interactions among Organic Soil Amendments, Plants, and Insect Herbivores

Introduction

Insect Pest Pressure in Organic Agriculture

Evidence from Potatoes

Possible Mechanisms

Integrated Approach

REFERENCES

Chapter 11. Aphid-Borne Virus Dynamics in the Potato-Weed Pathosystem

Introduction to the Potato-Viral Pathosystem

Components of the Potato-Viral Pathosystem

Aphid–Virus Interactions

Weed Hosts and Aphid–Virus Interactions

Weed Management and Potato Virus Epidemics

REFERENCES

Chapter 12. Successional and Invasive Colonization of the Potato Crop by the Colorado Potato Beetle: Managing Spread

Introduction

A Mobile Pest with a Dual Personality

Colonization Types

Potato Colonization

Management of Successional, Expansionist and Invasive Colonization

Summary and Future Directions

Acknowledgments

REFERENCES

PART IV: Management Approaches

Chapter 13. Chemical Control of Potato Pests

Introduction

Early History of Chemical Control in Potatoes

The Pesticide Treadmill

A Plethora of Chemical Control Options for Colorado Potato Beetle

Chemical Control of Hemipteran Pests

Chemical Control of Wireworms

Chemical Control of Potato Tuberworm

Final Thoughts

REFERENCES

Chapter 14. Biological Control of Potato Insect Pests

Introduction

Natural Enemies of Major Potato Pests

Biological Control Interaction with Other Management Methods

Current and Future Research Needs

Acknowledgments

REFERENCES

Chapter 15. Potato Resistance Against Insect Herbivores: Resources and Opportunities

Introduction

Conventional Resistance

Engineered Resistance

Constraints on HPR

Future Directions

REFERENCES

Chapter 16. Biopesticides

Introduction

Microbial Pesticides and Other Entomopathogens

Plant-Incorporated Protectants (PIPS)

Biochemical Pesticides

Conclusions

List of Abbreviations

REFERENCES

Chapter 17. Physical Control Methods

Introduction

Pests Causing Direct Damage

Pests Causing Indirect Damage

Types of Physical Control Techniques and their Applications

Conclusions

REFERENCES

Chapter 18. Cultural Control and other Non-Chemical Methods

Introduction

Management of Abiotic Conditions

Effect of Soil Moisture

Management of Biotic Conditions

Concluding Remarks

REFERENCES

Chapter 19. Evolutionary Considerations in Potato Pest Management

Introduction

Fundamentals of Evolution

Applied Evolution

Evolution in Agricultural Ecosystems

The Evolutionary Process of Becoming a Pest

An Obscure Leaf Beetle Turns into a Major Pest of Potatoes

Insecticide Resistance

Resistance to Non-Chemical Control Methods

Resistance Management

Interactions with the Abiotic Environment

Humans’ Turn to Adapt?

REFERENCES

PART V: Current Challenges and Future Directions

Chapter 20. Epilogue: The Road to Sustainability

REFERENCES

Index

Color Plate

Details

No. of pages:
616
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 2013
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9780123868961
Hardcover ISBN:
9780123868954

About the Editor

Andrei Alyokhin

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Maine, Orono, ME, USA

Charles Vincent

Affiliations and Expertise

Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu, QC, Canada

Philippe Giordanengo

Affiliations and Expertise

Institut Sophia Agrobiotech, Sophia Antipolis, France