Insect Ecology

Insect Ecology

An Ecosystem Approach

4th Edition - July 29, 2016

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  • Author: Timothy Schowalter
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780128030332
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128030370

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Description

Insect Ecology: An Ecosystem Approach, Fourth Edition, follows a hierarchical organization that begins with relatively easy-to-understand chapters on adaptive responses of insect populations to various environmental changes, disturbances, and anthropogenic activities, how insects find food and habitat resources, and how insects allocate available energy and nutrients. Chapters build on fundamental information to show how insect populations respond to changing environmental conditions, including spatial and temporal distribution of food and habitat. The next section integrates populations of interacting species within communities and how these interactions determine structure of communities over time and space. Other works in insect ecology stop there, essentially limiting presentation of insect ecology to evolutionary responses of insects to their environment, including the activities of other species. The unique aspect of this book is its four chapters on ecosystem structure and function, and how herbivores, pollinators, seed predators, and detritivores drive ecosystem dynamics and contribute to ecosystem stability.

Key Features

  • Provides the most advanced synthesis of insect ecology, with updated material throughout and new chapters
  • Presents the roles of insects in delivery of ecosystem services and applications to pest management and conservation
  • Features full coverage of ecosystem structure and function balanced with essential background on evolutionary aspects
  • Includes case studies highlighting practical and theoretical applications for topics covered in each chapter

Readership

Professional entomologists, ecologists and others with interest in how insects engineer our global ecosystem, as well as how they respond to environmental changes. Graduate Insect Ecology courses. Reviewers of previous editions also have recommended it for undergraduate Insect Ecology students

Table of Contents

  • Chapter 1: Overview

    • Abstract
    • 1. Scope of insect ecology
    • 2. Ecosystem ecology
    • 3. Environmental change and disturbance
    • 4. Ecosystem approach to insect ecology
    • 5. Scope of this book

    Section I: Ecology of individual insects

    Introduction

    Chapter 2: Responses to Abiotic Conditions

    • Abstract
    • Introduction

    Chapter 3: Resource Acquisition

    • Abstract
    • 1. Introduction
    • 2. Resource quality
    • 3. Resource acceptability
    • 4. Resource availability
    • 5. Summary

    Chapter 4: Resource Allocation

    • Abstract
    • 1. Introduction
    • 2. Resource budget
    • 3. Allocation of assimilated resources
    • 4. Efficiency of resource use
    • 5. Summary

    Section II: Population ecology

    Introduction

      Chapter 5: Population Systems

      • Abstract
      • 1. Introduction
      • 2. Population structure
      • 3. Population Processes
      • 4. Life history characteristics
      • 5. Parameter estimation
      • 6. Summary

      Chapter 6: Population Dynamics

      • Abstract
      • 1. Introduction
      • 2. Population fluctuation
      • 3. Factors affecting population size
      • 4. Models of population change
      • 5. Summary

      Chapter 7: Biogeography

      • Abstract
      • 1. Introduction
      • 2. Geographic distribution
      • 3. Spatial dynamics of populations
      • 4. Habitat connectivity
      • 5. Anthropogenic effects on spatial dynamics
      • 6. Models of spatial dynamics
      • 7. Summary

      Section III: Community ecology

      Introduction

        Chapter 8: Species Interactions

        • Abstract
        • 1. Introduction
        • 2. Direct interactions
        • 3. Indirect effects
        • 4. Factors affecting interactions
        • 5. Consequences of interactions
        • 6. Summary

        Chapter 9: Community Structure

        • Abstract
        • 1. Introduction
        • 2. Approaches to describing communities
        • 3. Patterns of community structure
        • 4. Determinants of community structure
        • 5. Summary

        Chapter 10: Community Dynamics

        • Abstract
        • 1. Introduction
        • 2. Short-term change in community structure
        • 3. Successional change in community structure
        • 4. Paleoecology
        • 5. Diversity versus stability
        • 6. Summary

        Section IV: Ecosystem level

        Introduction

          Chapter 11: Ecosystem Structure and Function

          • Abstract
          • 1. Introduction
          • 2. Ecosystem structure
          • 3. Energy flow
          • 4. Biogeochemical cycling
          • 5. Climate modification
          • 6. Urban ecosystems
          • 7. Ecosystem modeling
          • 8. Summary

          Chapter 12: Herbivory

          • Abstract
          • 1. Introduction
          • 2. Types and patterns of herbivory
          • 3. Effects of herbivory
          • 4. Summary

          Chapter 13: Pollination, Seed Predation, and Seed Dispersal

          • Abstract
          • 1. Introduction
          • 2. Types and patterns of pollination
          • 3. Effects of pollination
          • 4. Types and patterns of seed predation and dispersal
          • 5. Effects of seed predation and dispersal
          • 6. Summary

          Chapter 14: Decomposition and Pedogenesis

          • Abstract
          • 1. Introduction
          • 2. Types and patterns of detritivory and burrowing
          • 3. Effects of detritivory and burrowing
          • 4. Summary

          Chapter 15: Insects as Regulators of Ecosystem Processes

          • Abstract
          • 1. Introduction
          • 2. Development of the concept
          • 3. Ecosystems as cybernetic systems
          • 4. Summary

          Section V: Applications and synthesis

          Introduction

            Chapter 16: Application to Sustainability of Ecosystem Services

            • Abstract
            • 1. Introduction
            • 2. Provisioning services
            • 3. Cultural services
            • 4. Supporting services
            • 5. Regulating services
            • 6. Valuation of ecosystem services
            • 7. Threats to ecosystem services
            • 8. Insects as indicators of environmental change
            • 9. Summary

            Chapter 17: Management of Insect Populations

            • Abstract
            • 1. Introduction
            • 2. Integrated pest management
            • 3. Conservation/restoration ecology
            • 4. Summary

            Chapter 18: Summary and Synthesis

            • Abstract
            • 1. Summary
            • 2. Synthesis
            • 3. Critical issues
            • 4. Conclusions

          Product details

          • No. of pages: 774
          • Language: English
          • Copyright: © Academic Press 2016
          • Published: July 29, 2016
          • Imprint: Academic Press
          • Hardcover ISBN: 9780128030332
          • eBook ISBN: 9780128030370

          About the Author

          Timothy Schowalter

          Timothy D. Schowalter received his Ph.D. degree in Entomology from the University of Georgia in 1979. He is currently a Professor of Entomology at Louisiana State University, where he also served as the department head until 2015. Previously, he was a professor of entomology at Oregon State University, Corvallis. Dr. Schowalter served as Program Director for Integrative and Theoretical Ecology at the National Science Foundation, where he was involved in developing global change and terrestrial ecosystem research initiatives at the federal level. He also served as a U.S. delegate to international conventions to develop collaboration between U.S. Long Term Ecological Research (LTER) sites and long-term sites in Hungary and East Asia and the Pacific.

          Affiliations and Expertise

          Professor of Entomology, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, USA

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