Inorganic Solid Fluorides

Inorganic Solid Fluorides

Chemistry and Physics

1st Edition - June 5, 1985

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  • Editor: Poul Hagenmuller
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323144056

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Inorganic Solid Fluorides: Chemistry and Physics deals with the chemical and physical properties of inorganic solid fluorides and covers topics ranging from methods used in the preparation of fluorides to the crystal chemistry of fluorides and transition metal oxyfluorides. Defects in solid fluorides are also discussed, along with fluorine intercalation compounds of graphite and high oxidation states in fluorine chemistry. This book is comprised of 21 chapters and begins with an overview of general trends related to fluorides, including bonding problems and economic implications of fluorides. Some of the methods for the synthesis of inorganic solid fluorides are then described, including gas-phase reactions, reactions in solution, gas-solid reactions, and partial or all solid-state reactions. Subsequent chapters explore the properties of fluoride glasses; ferromagnetism and ferrimagnetism in fluorides; competing spin interactions and frustration effects in fluorides; and electronic conduction in fluorides. Fast fluorine ion conductors and nonlinear properties of fluorides are also considered. The final chapter is devoted to industrial uses of inorganic fluorides. This monograph should be of interest to physicists and inorganic chemists as well as students of physics and inorganic chemistry.

Table of Contents

  • Contributors



    1. General Trends

    I. Introduction

    II. Bonding Problems

    III. Structural Features

    IV. Influence of Oxygen-Fluorine Substitution

    V. Magnetic Properties

    VI. Electric Properties

    VII. Spectroscopic Aspects

    VIII. Economic Implications of Fluorides


    2. Preparative Methods

    I. Introduction

    II. Gas-Phase Reactions

    III. Reactions in Solution

    IV. Gas-Solid Reactions

    V. Partial or All Solid-State Reactions

    VI. Other Preparation Methods

    VII. Crystal Growth

    VIII. Thin Films and Ceramics

    IX. Some Applications of Fluorides


    3. Crystal Chemistry of Fluorides

    I. Introduction

    II. Three-Dimensional Framework Structures

    III. Layer Structures

    IV. Chain Structures

    V. Structures Containing Polynuclear Units

    VI. Structures Corresponding to Odd Compositions

    VII. Special Structures and Behavior


    4. The Crystal Chemistry of Transition Metal Oxyfluorides

    I. Introduction

    II. Transition Metal Oxyfluoride Compositions


    5. Defects in Solid Fluorides

    I. Introduction

    II. Basic Defect Structures

    III. Superionic Fluorides

    IV. Doped Alkaline-Earth Fluorides

    V. Electronic Defects

    VI. Summary


    6. High Oxidation States in Fluorine Chemistry

    What Is a High Oxidation State?


    High Oxidation States of Copper, Silver, and Gold

    High Oxidation States of 3d Elements

    High Oxidation States of 4d and 5d Elements

    High Oxidation States of 4f and 5f Elements

    High Oxidation States of Main-Group Elements

    Closing Remarks


    7 . Fluoride Glasses

    I. Introduction

    II. Glass Formation and Structural Features

    III. Optical Properties and Applications

    IV. Other Properties

    V. Conclusions


    8. Fluorine Intercalation Compounds of Graphite

    I. Graphite Fluorides and Graphite Intercalation Compounds of Fluorine and Metal Fluorides

    II. Graphite Fluorides Prepared in the Presence of Hydrogen Fluoride

    III. Graphite Intercalation Compounds with Binary Fluorides


    9. Ferro- and Ferrimagnetism in Fluorides

    I. Introduction

    II. Ferromagnetism in Fluorides

    III. Ferrimagnetism in Fluorides


    10. Competing Spin Interactions and Frustration Effects in Fluorides

    I. Competing Interactions: Concept of Frustration

    II. Frustration and Cationic Ordering

    III. Frustration and Disordering

    IV. The Frustration Problem in Fluorides


    11. Electronic Conduction in Fluorides

    I. Introduction

    II. Semiconducting Fluorides

    III. Metallic Fluorides

    IV. Piezoresistive Fluorides


    12. Fast Fluorine Ion Conductors

    I. Introduction

    II. Optimization Criteria for High Mobility in Fluorides

    III. Fluorine Ion Conductors

    IV. Determination of Conduction Mechanisms by Neutron Diffraction in Fluorite-Type Fluorides

    V. Theoretical Approach to Complex Clusters in Anion-Excess Fluorides


    13. Nonlinear Properties of Fluorides

    I. Introduction

    II. Piezoelectric and Nonlinear Optical Materials

    III. Pyroelectric and Ferroelectric Materials

    IV. Ferroelastic Materials

    V. Discussion


    14. Optical Properties of Fluorides

    I. Introduction

    II. Index of Refraction

    III. Transmission Properties

    IV. Absorption and Emission Properties of Transition Element, Rare-Earth, and Mercury-like-Configuration Ions

    V. Color Centers


    15. Fluorides for Electrochromic Devices

    I. Introduction

    II. Use of Fluorides as Thin-Film Ionic Conductors


    16. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance of Fluorides

    I. Introduction

    II. Structural Investigations

    III. Diffusion of the Fluoride Ion

    IV. Chemical Bonding in Fluorides Investigated by Nuclear Magnetic Resonance


    17. Mössbauer Spectroscopy of Fluoride Compounds

    I. Introduction

    II. Iron-57 Mössbauer Spectroscopy of Fluorides

    III. Other Mössbauer Isotopes in the Investigation of Fluorides

    IV. Diamagnetic Mössbauer Probe Ions


    18. Local and Cooperative Effects in the Electron Paramagnetic Resonance Spectra of Transition Metal Fluorides

    I. Introduction

    II. Electron Paramagnetic Resonance Spectra of Local Centers

    III. Exchange Interactions and Cooperative Properties

    IV. Linewidth and Dimensionality of Magnetic Interactions

    V. Summary


    19. Fluoride Chemistry and Biomineralization

    I. Introduction

    II. Fluorine and Biological Apatites

    III. Fluorine and Nonapatitic Mineralization


    20. Fluorine Chemistry and Energy

    I. Introduction

    II. Fundamental Properties of Fluorine and Fluoro Compounds in the Energy Context

    III. Energy Conversion

    IV. Energy Storage

    V. Energy Savings


    21. Industrial Uses of Inorganic Fluorides

    I. Inorganic Fluorides in Industry: Commodities and Specialities

    II. Industrial Developments and Application Prospects

    III. Conclusion



Product details

  • No. of pages: 646
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1985
  • Published: June 5, 1985
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323144056

About the Editor

Poul Hagenmuller

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