Inorganic Solid Fluorides  - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780123133700, 9780323144056

Inorganic Solid Fluorides

1st Edition

Chemistry and Physics

Editors: Poul Hagenmuller
eBook ISBN: 9780323144056
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 5th June 1985
Page Count: 646
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Description

Inorganic Solid Fluorides: Chemistry and Physics deals with the chemical and physical properties of inorganic solid fluorides and covers topics ranging from methods used in the preparation of fluorides to the crystal chemistry of fluorides and transition metal oxyfluorides. Defects in solid fluorides are also discussed, along with fluorine intercalation compounds of graphite and high oxidation states in fluorine chemistry. This book is comprised of 21 chapters and begins with an overview of general trends related to fluorides, including bonding problems and economic implications of fluorides. Some of the methods for the synthesis of inorganic solid fluorides are then described, including gas-phase reactions, reactions in solution, gas-solid reactions, and partial or all solid-state reactions. Subsequent chapters explore the properties of fluoride glasses; ferromagnetism and ferrimagnetism in fluorides; competing spin interactions and frustration effects in fluorides; and electronic conduction in fluorides. Fast fluorine ion conductors and nonlinear properties of fluorides are also considered. The final chapter is devoted to industrial uses of inorganic fluorides. This monograph should be of interest to physicists and inorganic chemists as well as students of physics and inorganic chemistry.

Table of Contents


Contributors

Foreword

Preface

1. General Trends

I. Introduction

II. Bonding Problems

III. Structural Features

IV. Influence of Oxygen-Fluorine Substitution

V. Magnetic Properties

VI. Electric Properties

VII. Spectroscopic Aspects

VIII. Economic Implications of Fluorides

References

2. Preparative Methods

I. Introduction

II. Gas-Phase Reactions

III. Reactions in Solution

IV. Gas-Solid Reactions

V. Partial or All Solid-State Reactions

VI. Other Preparation Methods

VII. Crystal Growth

VIII. Thin Films and Ceramics

IX. Some Applications of Fluorides

References

3. Crystal Chemistry of Fluorides

I. Introduction

II. Three-Dimensional Framework Structures

III. Layer Structures

IV. Chain Structures

V. Structures Containing Polynuclear Units

VI. Structures Corresponding to Odd Compositions

VII. Special Structures and Behavior

References

4. The Crystal Chemistry of Transition Metal Oxyfluorides

I. Introduction

II. Transition Metal Oxyfluoride Compositions

References

5. Defects in Solid Fluorides

I. Introduction

II. Basic Defect Structures

III. Superionic Fluorides

IV. Doped Alkaline-Earth Fluorides

V. Electronic Defects

VI. Summary

References

6. High Oxidation States in Fluorine Chemistry

What Is a High Oxidation State?

Consequences

High Oxidation States of Copper, Silver, and Gold

High Oxidation States of 3d Elements

High Oxidation States of 4d and 5d Elements

High Oxidation States of 4f and 5f Elements

High Oxidation States of Main-Group Elements

Closing Remarks

References

7 . Fluoride Glasses

I. Introduction

II. Glass Formation and Structural Features

III. Optical Properties and Applications

IV. Other Properties

V. Conclusions

References

8. Fluorine Intercalation Compounds of Graphite

I. Graphite Fluorides and Graphite Intercalation Compounds of Fluorine and Metal Fluorides

II. Graphite Fluorides Prepared in the Presence of Hydrogen Fluoride

III. Graphite Intercalation Compounds with Binary Fluorides

References

9. Ferro- and Ferrimagnetism in Fluorides

I. Introduction

II. Ferromagnetism in Fluorides

III. Ferrimagnetism in Fluorides

References

10. Competing Spin Interactions and Frustration Effects in Fluorides

I. Competing Interactions: Concept of Frustration

II. Frustration and Cationic Ordering

III. Frustration and Disordering

IV. The Frustration Problem in Fluorides

References

11. Electronic Conduction in Fluorides

I. Introduction

II. Semiconducting Fluorides

III. Metallic Fluorides

IV. Piezoresistive Fluorides

References

12. Fast Fluorine Ion Conductors

I. Introduction

II. Optimization Criteria for High Mobility in Fluorides

III. Fluorine Ion Conductors

IV. Determination of Conduction Mechanisms by Neutron Diffraction in Fluorite-Type Fluorides

V. Theoretical Approach to Complex Clusters in Anion-Excess Fluorides

References

13. Nonlinear Properties of Fluorides

I. Introduction

II. Piezoelectric and Nonlinear Optical Materials

III. Pyroelectric and Ferroelectric Materials

IV. Ferroelastic Materials

V. Discussion

References

14. Optical Properties of Fluorides

I. Introduction

II. Index of Refraction

III. Transmission Properties

IV. Absorption and Emission Properties of Transition Element, Rare-Earth, and Mercury-like-Configuration Ions

V. Color Centers

References

15. Fluorides for Electrochromic Devices

I. Introduction

II. Use of Fluorides as Thin-Film Ionic Conductors

References

16. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance of Fluorides

I. Introduction

II. Structural Investigations

III. Diffusion of the Fluoride Ion

IV. Chemical Bonding in Fluorides Investigated by Nuclear Magnetic Resonance

References

17. Mössbauer Spectroscopy of Fluoride Compounds

I. Introduction

II. Iron-57 Mössbauer Spectroscopy of Fluorides

III. Other Mössbauer Isotopes in the Investigation of Fluorides

IV. Diamagnetic Mössbauer Probe Ions

References

18. Local and Cooperative Effects in the Electron Paramagnetic Resonance Spectra of Transition Metal Fluorides

I. Introduction

II. Electron Paramagnetic Resonance Spectra of Local Centers

III. Exchange Interactions and Cooperative Properties

IV. Linewidth and Dimensionality of Magnetic Interactions

V. Summary

References

19. Fluoride Chemistry and Biomineralization

I. Introduction

II. Fluorine and Biological Apatites

III. Fluorine and Nonapatitic Mineralization

References

20. Fluorine Chemistry and Energy

I. Introduction

II. Fundamental Properties of Fluorine and Fluoro Compounds in the Energy Context

III. Energy Conversion

IV. Energy Storage

V. Energy Savings

References

21. Industrial Uses of Inorganic Fluorides

I. Inorganic Fluorides in Industry: Commodities and Specialities

II. Industrial Developments and Application Prospects

III. Conclusion

References

Index

Details

No. of pages:
646
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1985
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9780323144056

About the Editor

Poul Hagenmuller