Innovative Bridge Design Handbook - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780128000588, 9780128004876

Innovative Bridge Design Handbook

1st Edition

Construction, Rehabilitation and Maintenance

Editors: Alessio Pipinato
Paperback ISBN: 9780128000588
eBook ISBN: 9780128004876
Imprint: Butterworth-Heinemann
Published Date: 21st November 2015
Page Count: 878
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Description

  • Dedication
  • Contributor details
  • Foreword
  • Preface
  • Note
  • Section I: Fundamentals
    • Chapter 1: The history, aesthetics, and design of bridges
      • Abstract
      • 1 History of bridge structures
      • 2 Bridge design and aesthetic
      • 3 Research and innovation in bridge design
  • Section II: Loads on bridges
    • Chapter 2: Loads on bridges
      • Abstract
      • 1 Introduction
      • 2 Primary loads
      • 3 Environmental effects
      • 4 Dynamic amplification
      • 5 Bridge redundancy
      • 6 Conclusions
    • Chapter 3: Wind loads
      • Abstract
      • 1 Introduction
      • 2 Overview of wind effects on bridges
      • 3 Procedure of wind-resistant design
      • 4 Design wind speeds provided in design codes
      • 5 Wind loads provided in design codes
      • 6 Wind tunnel test and CFD
      • 7 Vortex-induced vibration and its countermeasures
      • 8 Verification of buffeting analysis based on field measurements
      • 9 Wind-induced vibrations of stay cables
      • 10 Conclusions
    • Chapter 4: Fatigue and fracture
      • Abstract
      • 1 Introduction
      • 2 Structural redundancy and safety
      • 3 Codes and standards
      • 4 Fatigue and fracture resistance of steel and concrete bridges
      • 5 Traffic loading and action effects on bridge elements
      • 6 Common failures
      • 7 Crack detection, intervention methods, and techniques
      • 8 Research on fatigue and fracture
  • Section III: Structural analysis
    • Chapter 5: Bridge structural theory and modeling
      • Abstract
      • 1 Introduction
      • 2 Structural theory
      • 3 Structural modeling
      • 4 Research and development
    • Chapter 6: Dynamics of bridge structures
      • Abstract
      • Acknowledgments
      • 1 Linear idealization of bridge structures
      • 2 Bridge response to dynamic loading
      • 3 Influence of supporting soil
      • 4 Bridge integrity: consequences of relative response of adjacent bridge structures
      • 5 Conclusions
    • Chapter 7: Risk and reliability in bridges
      • Abstract
      • 1 Overview
      • 2 Uncertainty in bridge modeling and assessment
      • 3 Reliability of bridges
      • 4 Reliability-based design codes of bridges
      • 5 Bridge life cycle cost and optimization
      • 6 Load and resistance factor rating methodology
      • Summary
    • Chapter 8: Innovative structural typologies
      • Abstract
      • 1 Introduction: aim and context
      • 2 Literature review
      • 3 3D bridges force-modeled for one loading condition
      • 4 3D bridges, optimized for one or more criteria and composed of surface elements
      • 5 Future prospects and conclusions: role of the designer and the toolbox
  • Section IV: Bridge design based on construction material type
    • Chapter 9: Reinforced and prestressed concrete bridges
      • Abstract
      • 1 Types of reinforced concrete bridges
      • 2 Prestressing in bridges
      • 3 Design of reinforced and prestressed concrete bridge decks
      • 4 Methods of construction
      • 5 Design example
      • 6 Research and development
    • Chapter 10: Steel and composite bridges
      • Abstract
      • 1 Introduction
      • 2 Design
      • 3 Product specifications
      • 4 Structural connections
      • 5 Steel bridge analysis
      • 6 Composite bridge analysis
      • 7 Truss bridges analysis
      • 8 Research and development
    • Chapter 11: Timber bridges
      • Abstract
      • 1 Wood used in bridges
      • 2 Wood as structural material
      • 3 Design of timber components
      • 4 Design of connections
      • 5 Design of modern timber bridges
      • 6 Design verifications of timber bridges
      • 7 Design and durability
    • Chapter 12: Masonry bridges
      • Abstract
      • 1 Structural theory of masonry structures
      • 2 Assessment of the load-carrying capacity of arch masonry bridges
      • 3 Analysis, repair, and strengthening
      • 4 Structural assessment and retrofit
  • Section V: Bridge design based on geometry
    • Chapter 13: Arch bridges
      • Abstract
      • 1 Introduction
      • 2 Deck arch bridges
      • 3 Tied arch bridges
    • Chapter 14: Girders
      • Abstract
      • 1 Introduction
      • 2 Planning
      • 3 Preliminary bridge design
      • 4 Final design
      • 5 Construction
      • 6 Preservation
      • 7 Innovation
      • 8 Conclusions
    • Chapter 15: Long-span bridges
      • Abstract
      • 1 Introduction
      • 2 Cable stayed bridges
      • 3 Suspension bridges
      • 4 Limits of long-span bridges
  • Section VI: Special topics
    • Chapter 16: Integral bridges
      • Abstract
      • 1 Introduction
      • 2 Historical background
      • 3 Modern integral bridges
      • 4 Thermal effects on integral bridges
      • 5 Conditions for integral bridge construction and recommendations
      • 6 Construction methods of integral bridges
      • 7 Design of integral bridges
      • 8 Important considerations in integral bridge design
    • Chapter 17: Movable bridges
      • Abstract
      • 1 Introduction
      • 2 Example of lift bridge: the Guaiba River Bridge with concrete towers at Porto Allegre, Brazil (1954–1960)
      • 3 Swing bridges
      • 4 Bascule bridge: the New Galata Bridge with twin double flaps at Istanbul, Turkey (1985–1993)
      • 5 Double Balanced Beam Bridge (DBBB)—design proposal
    • Chapter 18: Highway bridges
      • Abstract
      • 1 Introduction
      • 2 Practical considerations for selection of a highway bridge type
      • 3 Bridge types
      • 4 Methods of analysis (emphasizing highway structures)
      • 5 Design method
      • 6 Design example
      • 7 Research needs for highway bridges
    • Chapter 19: Railway bridges
      • Abstract
      • 1 Introduction
      • 2 Type classifications
      • 3 Analysis and Design
      • 4 Static scheme and construction details
      • 5 R&D on railway bridges
  • Section VII: Bridge components
    • Chapter 20: Seismic component devices
      • Abstract
      • 20.1 Introduction
      • 20.2 Seismic protective devices
      • 20.3 Applications of seismic protective systems in bridges
      • 20.4 Conclusions
    • Chapter 21: Cables
      • Abstract
      • 1 Introduction
      • 2 Cable components
      • 3 Analysis and design
    • Chapter 22: Orthotropic steel decks
      • Abstract
      • 1 Introduction
      • 2 History
      • 3 OSD concept
      • 4 Practical design
      • 5 Innovative applications and research topics
      • 6 Conclusions
    • Chapter 23: Bridge foundations
      • Abstract
      • 1 Introduction
      • 2 Determination of the geologic setting
      • 3 Geotechnical investigation report
      • 4 Foundation selection during the TSL project phase
      • 5 Geotechnical design report
      • 6 Foundation design
  • Section VIII: Bridge construction
    • Chapter 24: Case study: the Reno bridge
      • Abstract
      • 1 Introduction
      • 2 Main design issues
    • Chapter 25: Case study: the Russky bridge
      • Abstract
      • 1 Introduction
      • 2 Design
      • 3 Construction phase
      • 4 Monitoring system
    • Chapter 26: Case study: the Akashi-Kaikyo bridge
      • Abstract
      • 1 Introduction
      • 2 Design
      • 3 Innovations and special construction details
      • 4 Monitoring system
      • 5 Maintenance system
    • Chapter 27: Bridge construction equipment
      • Abstract
      • 1 Summary
      • 2 Introduction
      • 3 Beam launchers
      • 4 Self-Launching gantries for span-by-span erection of precast segments
      • 5 MSS for span-by-span casting
      • 6 Self-launching machines for balanced cantilever construction
      • 7 Special equipment for full-span precasting
      • 8 Conclusions
  • Section IX: Assessment, monitoring and retrofit of bridges
    • Chapter 28: Bridge assessment, retrofit, and management
      • Abstract
      • 1 Introduction
      • 2 Materials decay and on-site testing
      • 3 Investigation procedures
      • 4 Assessment procedures
      • 5 Repair and strengthening
      • 6 Bridge management
      • 7 Case study
      • 8 Research on bridge assessment, retrofit, and management
    • Chapter 29: Bridge monitoring
      • Abstract
      • 1 Introduction
      • 2 SHM stakeholders
      • 3 Types of monitoring deployments
      • 4 Measuring technologies used for SHM
      • 5 Deployment and operation
      • 6 Summary
    • Chapter 30: Application of fiber-reinforced polymers to reinforced concrete bridges
      • Abstract
      • 1 Introduction
      • 2 Jacket materials and processes
      • 3 Advantages of fiber-reinforced polymer systems (FRPS)
      • 4 Performance—columns
      • 5 Performance—superstructure
      • 6 Design guides and codes
      • 7 Other loading applications
      • 8 Conclusions
    • Chapter 31: Bridge collapse
      • Abstract
      • 1 Introduction
      • 2 Construction failures
      • 3 In-service failures
      • 4 Extreme events
      • 5 Concluding remarks
  • Glossary
  • Index

Key Features

  • Loads including seismic and wind loads, fatigue and fracture, local effects
  • Structural analysis including numerical methods (FEM), dynamics, risk and reliability, innovative structural typologies
  • Bridge design based on material type: RC and PRC, steel and composite, timber and masonry bridges
  • Bridge design based on geometry: arch bridges, girders, cable stayed and suspension bridges
  • Special topics: integral, movable, highway, railway bridges, seismic component devices, cables, orthotropic decks, foundations
  • Construction including construction case studies, construction equipment, bridge assessment, bridge management, retrofit and strengthening, monitoring procedures

Readership

Structural/civil engineers and Designers

Table of Contents

  • Dedication
  • Contributor details
  • Foreword
  • Preface
  • Note
  • Section I: Fundamentals
    • Chapter 1: The history, aesthetics, and design of bridges
      • Abstract
      • 1 History of bridge structures
      • 2 Bridge design and aesthetic
      • 3 Research and innovation in bridge design
  • Section II: Loads on bridges
    • Chapter 2: Loads on bridges
      • Abstract
      • 1 Introduction
      • 2 Primary loads
      • 3 Environmental effects
      • 4 Dynamic amplification
      • 5 Bridge redundancy
      • 6 Conclusions
    • Chapter 3: Wind loads
      • Abstract
      • 1 Introduction
      • 2 Overview of wind effects on bridges
      • 3 Procedure of wind-resistant design
      • 4 Design wind speeds provided in design codes
      • 5 Wind loads provided in design codes
      • 6 Wind tunnel test and CFD
      • 7 Vortex-induced vibration and its countermeasures
      • 8 Verification of buffeting analysis based on field measurements
      • 9 Wind-induced vibrations of stay cables
      • 10 Conclusions
    • Chapter 4: Fatigue and fracture
      • Abstract
      • 1 Introduction
      • 2 Structural redundancy and safety
      • 3 Codes and standards
      • 4 Fatigue and fracture resistance of steel and concrete bridges
      • 5 Traffic loading and action effects on bridge elements
      • 6 Common failures
      • 7 Crack detection, intervention methods, and techniques
      • 8 Research on fatigue and fracture
  • Section III: Structural analysis
    • Chapter 5: Bridge structural theory and modeling
      • Abstract
      • 1 Introduction
      • 2 Structural theory
      • 3 Structural modeling
      • 4 Research and development
    • Chapter 6: Dynamics of bridge structures
      • Abstract
      • Acknowledgments
      • 1 Linear idealization of bridge structures
      • 2 Bridge response to dynamic loading
      • 3 Influence of supporting soil
      • 4 Bridge integrity: consequences of relative response of adjacent bridge structures
      • 5 Conclusions
    • Chapter 7: Risk and reliability in bridges
      • Abstract
      • 1 Overview
      • 2 Uncertainty in bridge modeling and assessment
      • 3 Reliability of bridges
      • 4 Reliability-based design codes of bridges
      • 5 Bridge life cycle cost and optimization
      • 6 Load and resistance factor rating methodology
      • Summary
    • Chapter 8: Innovative structural typologies
      • Abstract
      • 1 Introduction: aim and context
      • 2 Literature review
      • 3 3D bridges force-modeled for one loading condition
      • 4 3D bridges, optimized for one or more criteria and composed of surface elements
      • 5 Future prospects and conclusions: role of the designer and the toolbox
  • Section IV: Bridge design based on construction material type
    • Chapter 9: Reinforced and prestressed concrete bridges
      • Abstract
      • 1 Types of reinforced concrete bridges
      • 2 Prestressing in bridges
      • 3 Design of reinforced and prestressed concrete bridge decks
      • 4 Methods of construction
      • 5 Design example
      • 6 Research and development
    • Chapter 10: Steel and composite bridges
      • Abstract
      • 1 Introduction
      • 2 Design
      • 3 Product specifications
      • 4 Structural connections
      • 5 Steel bridge analysis
      • 6 Composite bridge analysis
      • 7 Truss bridges analysis
      • 8 Research and development
    • Chapter 11: Timber bridges
      • Abstract
      • 1 Wood used in bridges
      • 2 Wood as structural material
      • 3 Design of timber components
      • 4 Design of connections
      • 5 Design of modern timber bridges
      • 6 Design verifications of timber bridges
      • 7 Design and durability
    • Chapter 12: Masonry bridges
      • Abstract
      • 1 Structural theory of masonry structures
      • 2 Assessment of the load-carrying capacity of arch masonry bridges
      • 3 Analysis, repair, and strengthening
      • 4 Structural assessment and retrofit
  • Section V: Bridge design based on geometry
    • Chapter 13: Arch bridges
      • Abstract
      • 1 Introduction
      • 2 Deck arch bridges
      • 3 Tied arch bridges
    • Chapter 14: Girders
      • Abstract
      • 1 Introduction
      • 2 Planning
      • 3 Preliminary bridge design
      • 4 Final design
      • 5 Construction
      • 6 Preservation
      • 7 Innovation
      • 8 Conclusions
    • Chapter 15: Long-span bridges
      • Abstract
      • 1 Introduction
      • 2 Cable stayed bridges
      • 3 Suspension bridges
      • 4 Limits of long-span bridges
  • Section VI: Special topics
    • Chapter 16: Integral bridges
      • Abstract
      • 1 Introduction
      • 2 Historical background
      • 3 Modern integral bridges
      • 4 Thermal effects on integral bridges
      • 5 Conditions for integral bridge construction and recommendations
      • 6 Construction methods of integral bridges
      • 7 Design of integral bridges
      • 8 Important considerations in integral bridge design
    • Chapter 17: Movable bridges
      • Abstract
      • 1 Introduction
      • 2 Example of lift bridge: the Guaiba River Bridge with concrete towers at Porto Allegre, Brazil (1954–1960)
      • 3 Swing bridges
      • 4 Bascule bridge: the New Galata Bridge with twin double flaps at Istanbul, Turkey (1985–1993)
      • 5 Double Balanced Beam Bridge (DBBB)—design proposal
    • Chapter 18: Highway bridges
      • Abstract
      • 1 Introduction
      • 2 Practical considerations for selection of a highway bridge type
      • 3 Bridge types
      • 4 Methods of analysis (emphasizing highway structures)
      • 5 Design method
      • 6 Design example
      • 7 Research needs for highway bridges
    • Chapter 19: Railway bridges
      • Abstract
      • 1 Introduction
      • 2 Type classifications
      • 3 Analysis and Design
      • 4 Static scheme and construction details
      • 5 R&D on railway bridges
  • Section VII: Bridge components
    • Chapter 20: Seismic component devices
      • Abstract
      • 20.1 Introduction
      • 20.2 Seismic protective devices
      • 20.3 Applications of seismic protective systems in bridges
      • 20.4 Conclusions
    • Chapter 21: Cables
      • Abstract
      • 1 Introduction
      • 2 Cable components
      • 3 Analysis and design
    • Chapter 22: Orthotropic steel decks
      • Abstract
      • 1 Introduction
      • 2 History
      • 3 OSD concept
      • 4 Practical design
      • 5 Innovative applications and research topics
      • 6 Conclusions
    • Chapter 23: Bridge foundations
      • Abstract
      • 1 Introduction
      • 2 Determination of the geologic setting
      • 3 Geotechnical investigation report
      • 4 Foundation selection during the TSL project phase
      • 5 Geotechnical design report
      • 6 Foundation design
  • Section VIII: Bridge construction
    • Chapter 24: Case study: the Reno bridge
      • Abstract
      • 1 Introduction
      • 2 Main design issues
    • Chapter 25: Case study: the Russky bridge
      • Abstract
      • 1 Introduction
      • 2 Design
      • 3 Construction phase
      • 4 Monitoring system
    • Chapter 26: Case study: the Akashi-Kaikyo bridge
      • Abstract
      • 1 Introduction
      • 2 Design
      • 3 Innovations and special construction details
      • 4 Monitoring system
      • 5 Maintenance system
    • Chapter 27: Bridge construction equipment
      • Abstract
      • 1 Summary
      • 2 Introduction
      • 3 Beam launchers
      • 4 Self-Launching gantries for span-by-span erection of precast segments
      • 5 MSS for span-by-span casting
      • 6 Self-launching machines for balanced cantilever construction
      • 7 Special equipment for full-span precasting
      • 8 Conclusions
  • Section IX: Assessment, monitoring and retrofit of bridges
    • Chapter 28: Bridge assessment, retrofit, and management
      • Abstract
      • 1 Introduction
      • 2 Materials decay and on-site testing
      • 3 Investigation procedures
      • 4 Assessment procedures
      • 5 Repair and strengthening
      • 6 Bridge management
      • 7 Case study
      • 8 Research on bridge assessment, retrofit, and management
    • Chapter 29: Bridge monitoring
      • Abstract
      • 1 Introduction
      • 2 SHM stakeholders
      • 3 Types of monitoring deployments
      • 4 Measuring technologies used for SHM
      • 5 Deployment and operation
      • 6 Summary
    • Chapter 30: Application of fiber-reinforced polymers to reinforced concrete bridges
      • Abstract
      • 1 Introduction
      • 2 Jacket materials and processes
      • 3 Advantages of fiber-reinforced polymer systems (FRPS)
      • 4 Performance—columns
      • 5 Performance—superstructure
      • 6 Design guides and codes
      • 7 Other loading applications
      • 8 Conclusions
    • Chapter 31: Bridge collapse
      • Abstract
      • 1 Introduction
      • 2 Construction failures
      • 3 In-service failures
      • 4 Extreme events
      • 5 Concluding remarks
  • Glossary
  • Index

Details

No. of pages:
878
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Butterworth-Heinemann 2016
Published:
Imprint:
Butterworth-Heinemann
eBook ISBN:
9780128004876
Paperback ISBN:
9780128000588

About the Editor

Alessio Pipinato

Alessio Pipinato obtained a bachelor’s degree in building and structural engineering from the University of Padua, and a bachelor’s degree in architecture from the University of Venice-IUAV. He earned his PhD at the University of Trento in structural design. He served as an adjunct professor, teaching university courses in bridge engineering and structural design, and has been a research collaborator at the University of Padua for more than ten years in the structural engineering sector (ICAR09-08B3). His twelve years of engineering career encompasses founding his own engineering consulting firm, AP&P, serving as the CEO, scientific and technical director; and providing bridge, structural engineering, research and development (R&D) services. He is/has been a member of the American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), Structural Engineering Institute (SEI), International Association for Bridge and Structural Engineering (IABSE), Associazione Italiana Calcestruzzo Armato e Precompresso (AICAP), International Association of Railway Operations Research (IAROR), Collegio Tecnici dell’Acciaio (CTA), International Association for Life Cycle Civil Engineering (IALCCE), International Association for Bridge Maintenance and Safety (IABMAS), Collegio Ingegneri Ferroviari Italiani (CIFI), European Convention for Constructional Steelwork (ECCS), and American Institute of Architects (AIA). He is also the author of more than 200 scientific and technical papers on structures and bridges, the chair of international conference sessions (including IABMAS 2010, Philadelphia; and IABMAS 2012, Milan). In addition, he is peer revisor of many international structural engineering journals, including the ASCE Journal of Bridge Engineering, Engineering Structures, Structure and Infrastructure Engineering, International Journal of Fatigue, and Journal of Structural Engineering. He has participated in a number of international research projects. His research interests includes the design, analysis, and assessment of bridges; structural analysis and design; fatigue and fracture of steel bridges; reliability analysis; life cycle assessment; probabilistic analysis; design of innovative structure and application of new materials in structures; construction control design, and fast bridge construction. He has won many international and national awards during his professional and academic career, and he served as a volunteer in the evaluation of structures during seismic emergencies for the National Service of the Civil Protection (L’Aquila 2009, Emilia Romagna 2012).

Affiliations and Expertise

ASCE Journal of Bridge Engineering, Engineering Structures and ASCE Journal of Structural Engineering