Innovation in Aeronautics

Innovation in Aeronautics

1st Edition - June 22, 2012

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  • Editors: T Young, M Hirst
  • eBook ISBN: 9780857096098
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9781845695507

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Description

Innovation in aerospace design and engineering is essential to meet the many challenges facing this sector. Innovation in aeronautics explores both a range of innovative ideas and how the process of innovation itself can be effectively managed.After an introduction to innovation in aeronautics, part one reviews developments including biologically-inspired technologies, morphing aerodynamic concepts, jet engine design drivers, and developments underpinned by digital technologies. The environment and human factors in innovation are also explored as are trends in supersonic passenger air travel. Part two goes on to examine change and the processes and management involved in innovative technology development. Challenges faced in aeronautical production are the focus of part three, which reviews topics such as intellectual property and patents, risk mitigation and the use of lean engineering. Finally, part four examines key issues in what makes for successful innovation in this sector.With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors, Innovation in aeronautics is an essential guide for all those involved in the design and engineering of aerospace structures and systems.

Key Features

  • Explores a range of innovative aerospace design ideas
  • Discusses how the process of innovation itself can be effectively managed
  • Reviews developments including biologically-inspired technologies, morphing aerodynamic concepts, jet engine design drivers and developments underpinned by digital technologies

Readership

Designers , engineers in the aerospace sector, jet engine manufacturers, avionic engineers

Table of Contents

  • Contributor contact details

    Part I: Concepts

    Chapter 1: Introduction to innovation in aeronautics

    1.1 Introduction

    1.2 Concepts

    1.3 Change

    1.4 Challenges

    Chapter 2: Biologically inspired technologies for aeronautics

    Abstract:

    2.1 Introduction

    2.2 Biologically inspired or independent human innovation

    2.3 Nature as a source of innovation in aerospace

    2.4 Biologically inspired mechanisms and systems

    2.5 Robotics as beneficiary of biomimetic technologies

    2.6 Conclusion: challenges and potential development

    2.7 Acknowledgement

    Chapter 3: Aircraft morphing technologies

    Abstract:

    3.1 Introduction

    3.2 Early aircraft morphing developments

    3.3 Keeping morphing alive – NASA research in morphing aircraft structures

    3.4 Resurgence of morphing concepts

    3.5 Current morphing component technologies

    3.6 Conclusion: the future of aircraft morphing technologies

    Chapter 4: Jet engine design drivers: past, present and future

    Abstract:

    4.1 Introduction

    4.2 Technological drivers

    4.3 New challenges

    4.4 Meeting the challenges through innovation

    4.5 Conclusion

    Chapter 5: Innovation in avionic systems: developments underpinned by digital technologies

    Abstract:

    5.1 Introduction

    5.2 Cost

    5.3 Capability

    5.4 Demand

    5.5 Timing

    5.6 Future requirements

    5.7 Current safety processes

    5.8 The system of the future

    5.9 The ultimate avionics computer

    5.10 System–crew interaction

    5.11 Conclusions

    Chapter 6: The environment as the key design driver in aeronautics

    Abstract:

    6.1 Introduction

    6.2 Economic efficiency

    6.3 Environmental impact

    6.4 The characteristics of the aeroplane

    6.5 What determines the value of the energy liberated to revenue work ratio (ETRW)?

    6.6 Observations on the ETRW

    6.7 Aircraft performance

    6.8 Where does it all go? Explaining the discrepancy between energy liberated and revenue work

    6.9 Improving the discrepancy between energy liberated and revenue work

    6.10 Addressing the climate issue

    6.11 Conclusions

    6.12 Acknowledgements

    Chapter 7: The human factors that relate to technological developments in aviation

    Abstract:

    7.1 Introduction to human factors as a discipline

    7.2 Human factors in a socio-technical system context

    7.3 A history of human factors

    7.4 Recent developments and current trends

    7.5 Future trends

    7.6 Conclusion

    Chapter 8: Innovation in supersonic passenger air travel

    Abstract:

    8.1 Introduction

    8.2 Historical background

    8.3 Operational issues

    8.4 Technological issues: sonic boom

    8.5 Technological issues: aerodynamics

    8.6 Technological issues: airworthiness

    8.7 Manufacturers and design organisations

    8.8 Conclusion

    8.9 Acknowledgement

    Part II: Change

    Chapter 9: The process of innovation in aeronautics

    Abstract:

    9.1 Introduction

    9.2 Definitions and sources of confusion

    9.3 How to measure innovation

    9.4 The innovation process

    9.5 Innovation environments

    9.6 Innovation viewed as a management of knowledge problem

    9.7 Whole systems view of innovation

    9.8 Conclusion: innovation processes of the future

    Chapter 10: Managing innovative technology development in aeronautics: technology assessment (TA) techniques

    Abstract:

    10.1 Introduction

    10.2 Methods and limitations

    10.3 Approach and example

    10.4 Conclusion

    10.5 Abbreviations

    Chapter 11: Mining the ‘far side’ of technology to develop revolutionary aircraft prototypes: the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) approach

    Abstract:

    11.1 Introduction

    11.2 Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency’s (DARPA) philosophy and structure

    11.3 DARPA and innovation in aviation

    11.4 Examples of DARPA innovation in aviation

    11.5 DARPA’s aviation-related programs

    11.6 Conclusions

    Chapter 12: Revolutionary ideas about the future of air transport

    Abstract:

    12.1 The mind set to find revolutionary solutions

    12.2 Technological change

    12.3 A framework for assessing revolutionary ideas

    12.4 Carrying forward requirements into design

    12.5 Telecommunications and IT in society

    12.6 The revolution – far beyond the air vehicle

    Part III: Challenges

    Chapter 13: Intellectual property, patents and innovation in aeronautics

    Abstract:

    13.1 Introduction

    13.2 Commentary on likely future trends

    13.3 Creativity and innovation as a mechanism for capturing intellectual property

    13.4 Intellectual property and patenting

    13.5 Converting patents into products

    13.6 Establishing patent value

    13.7 Trends driving innovation within the commercial aerospace industry

    13.8 The switch from aluminum to composites

    13.9 Conception of AMP equipment

    13.10 AMP equipment definitions

    13.11 Evolution of AMP equipment

    13.12 AMP equipment family tree

    13.13 Conclusion

    13.14 Sources of further information

    13.16 Appendix: AMP acronym list

    Chapter 14: Cost, time and technical performance risk mitigation in large, complex and innovative aeronautics development projects

    Abstract:

    14.1 Introduction

    14.2 Interdependence of development cost, schedule, and technical performance

    14.3 The aspect of risk

    14.4 An integrated decision-support model – the risk value method (RVM)

    14.5 Example: an unmanned combat aerial vehicle (UCAV) development project

    14.6 Discussion

    14.7 Conclusion and future trends

    14.8 Sources of further information and advice

    Chapter 15: Innovation in aeronautics through Lean Engineering

    Abstract:

    15.1 Introduction

    15.2 Dynamics of innovation

    15.3 Lean Thinking

    15.4 Lean Thinking and aerospace

    15.5 Lean Engineering framework

    15.6 Tailoring Lean Engineering

    15.7 Lean Engineering challenges

    15.8 Summary

    15.9 Acknowledgments

    Part IV: Conclusion

    Chapter 16: Conclusion: innovations in aeronautics

    Abstract:

    16.1 Introduction

    16.2 Innovation and risk

    16.3 Technology readiness levels (TRLs)

    16.4 Capturing innovation and disruptive technologies

    16.5 Key design drivers

    16.6 Moving from concept to implementation

    16.7 Computer-assisted engineering and design

    16.8 The innovation process

    16.9 Developing a culture of innovation

    16.10 Innovation ‘agendas’

    16.11 Education and innovation

    Glossary

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 416
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Woodhead Publishing 2012
  • Published: June 22, 2012
  • Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
  • eBook ISBN: 9780857096098
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9781845695507

About the Editors

T Young

Trevor Young is Senior Lecturer in Aeronautical Engineering at the University of Limerick, Ireland.

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Limerick, Ireland

M Hirst

Mike Hirst is a Senior Associate with Airport Planning and Development Ltd, Leeds, UK. He is a chartered engineer and aviation systems specialist with some 40 years’ experience in civil aviation, including flight testing, air traffic control and systems, airport design, and operations training, education and research.

Affiliations and Expertise

Airport Planning and Development Ltd, UK

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