Information-Based Inversion and Processing with Applications

Information-Based Inversion and Processing with Applications

1st Edition - December 16, 2005

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  • Authors: T.J. Ulrych, M.D. Sacchi
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080461342

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Description

Information-Based Inversion and Processing with Applications examines different classical and modern aspects of geophysical data processing and inversion with emphasis on the processing of seismic records in applied seismology. Chapter 1 introduces basic concepts including: probability theory (expectation operator and ensemble statistics), elementary principles of parameter estimation, Fourier and z-transform essentials, and issues of orthogonality. In Chapter 2, the linear treatment of time series is provided. Particular attention is paid to Wold decomposition theorem and time series models (AR, MA, and ARMA) and their connection to seismic data analysis problems. Chapter 3 introduces concepts of Information theory and contains a synopsis of those topics that are used throughout the book. Examples are entropy, conditional entropy, Burg's maximum entropy spectral estimator, and mutual information. Chapter 4 provides a description of inverse problems first from a deterministic point of view, then from a probabilistic one. Chapter 5 deals with methods to improve the signal-to-noise ratio of seismic records. Concepts from previous chapters are put in practice for designing prediction error filters for noise attenuation and high-resolution Radon operators. Chapter 6 deals with the topic of deconvolution and the inversion of acoustic impedance. The first part discusses band-limited extrapolation assuming a known wavelet and considers the issue of wavelet estimation. The second part deals with sparse deconvolution using various 'entropy' type norms. Finally, Chapter 7 introduces recent topics of interest to the authors. The emphasis of this book is on applied seismology but researchers in the area of global seismology, and geophysical signal processing and inversion will find material that is relevant to the ubiquitous problem of estimating complex models from a limited number of noisy observations.

Key Features

  • Non-conventional approaches to data processing and inversion are presented
  • Important problems in the area of seismic resolution enhancement are discussed
  • Contains research material that could inspire graduate students and their supervisors to undertake new research directions in applied seismology and geophysical signal processing

Readership

Exploration geophysicists, petroleum geologists, oil companies, seismologists, graduate students

Table of Contents

  • List of Figures

    Dedication

    Acknowledgements

    Preface

    Please Read Initially

    Chapter 1: Some Basic Concepts

    1.1 Introduction

    1.2 Probability Distributions, Stationarity & Ensemble Statistics

    1.3 Properties of Estimators.

    1.4 Orthogonality

    1.5 Orthogonal Vector Space

    1.6 Fourier Analysis

    1.7 The z Transform

    1.8 Dipole Filters

    1.9 Discrete Convolution and Circulant Matrices

    Appendices

    Chapter 2: Linear Time Series Modelling

    2.1 Introduction

    2.2 The Wold Decomposition Theorem

    2.3 The Moving Average, MA, Model

    2.4 The Autoregressive, AR, Model

    2.5 The Autoregressive Moving Average, ARMA, Model

    2.6 MA, AR and ARMA Models in Seismic Modelling and Processing

    2.7 Extended AR Models and Applications

    2.8 A Few Words About Nonlinear Time Series

    Appendices

    Chapter 3: Information Theory and Relevant Issues

    3.1 Introduction

    3.2 Entropy in Time Series Analysis

    3.3 The Kullback-Leibler Information Measure

    3.4 MaxEnt and the Spectral Problem

    3.5 The Akaike Information Criterion, AIC

    3.6 Mutual Information and Conditional Entropy

    Chapter 4: The Inverse Problem

    4.1 Introduction

    4.2 The Linear (or Linearized) Inverse Formulation

    4.3 Probabilistic Inversion

    4.4 Minimum Relative Entropy Inversion

    4.5 Bayesian Inference

    Appendix

    Chapter 5: Signal to Noise Enhancement

    5.1 Introduction

    5.2 f − x Filters

    5.3 Principal Components, Eigenimages and the KL Transform

    5.4 Radon Transforms

    5.5 Time variant Radon Transforms

    Chapter 6: Deconvolution with Applications to Seismology

    6.1 Introduction

    6.2 Layered Earth Model

    6.3 Deconvolution of the Reflectivity Series

    6.4 Sparse Deconvolution and Bayesian Analysis

    6.5 1D Impedance Inversion

    6.6 Nonminimum Phase Wavelet Estimation

    6.7 Blind, Full Band Deconvolution

    6.8 Discussion

    Chapter 7: A Potpourri of Some Favorite Techniques

    7.1 Introduction

    7.3 Stein Processing

    7.4 Bootstrap and the EIC

    7.5 Summary

    Bibliography

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 436
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier Science 2005
  • Published: December 16, 2005
  • Imprint: Elsevier Science
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080461342

About the Authors

T.J. Ulrych

Affiliations and Expertise

The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada

M.D. Sacchi

Affiliations and Expertise

The University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada

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