Industrial Applications of Formal Methods to Model, Design and Analyze Computer Systems

Industrial Applications of Formal Methods to Model, Design and Analyze Computer Systems

1st Edition - January 1, 1995

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  • Authors: Dan Craigen, Susan Gerhart
  • eBook ISBN: 9781437728170

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Formal methods are mathematically-based techniques, often supported by reasoning tools, that can offer a rigorous and effective way to model, design and analyze computer systems. The purpose of this study is to evaluate international industrial experience in using formal methods. The cases selected are representative of industrial-grade projects and span a variety of application domains. The study had three main objectives: · To better inform deliberations within industry and government on standards and regulations; · To provide an authoritative record on the practical experience of formal methods to date; and À To suggest areas where future research and technology development are needed. This study was undertaken by three experts in formal methods and software engineering: Dan Craigen of ORA Canada, Susan Gerhart of Applied Formal Methods, and Ted Ralston of Ralston Research Associates. Robin Bloomfield of Adelard was involved with the Darlington Nuclear Generating Station Shutdown System case. Support for this study was provided by organizations in Canada and the United States. The Atomic Energy Control Board of Canada (AECB) provided support for Dan Craigen and for the technical editing provided by Karen Summerskill. The U.S. Naval Research Laboratories (NRL), Washington, DC, provided support for all three authors. The U.S. National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) provided support for Ted Ralston.

Table of Contents

  • Volume 1 Purpose, Approach, Analysis, and Conclusions

    1. An International Survey of Industrial Applications of Formal Methods


    2. Formal Methods

    2.1 An Historical Perspective

    2.2 What is Formal Methods?

    2.3 What are the Limits of Formal Methods?

    2.4 Specific Formal Methods

    3. Case Summary

    3.1 Regulatory Cluster

    3.2 Commercial Cluster

    3.3 Exploratory Cluster

    4. Methodology

    4.1 Areas of Interest

    4.2 Acquisition of Information

    4.3 Questionnaires

    4.4 Analytic Framework

    4.5 Cluster Analysis

    5. Regulatory Cluster Analysis

    5.1 Introduction

    5.2 Cases

    5.3 Observations

    5.4 Analysis

    6. Commercial Cluster Analysis

    6.1 Introduction

    6.2 Cases

    6.3 Observations

    6.4 Analysis

    7. Exploratory Cluster Analysis

    7.1 Introduction

    7.2 Cases

    7.3 Observations

    7.4 Analysis

    8. Key Events and Timing

    8.1 Starter

    8.2 Booster

    8.3 Current State

    8.4 Timing

    9. Analysis of Formal MEthods R & D Summary

    9.1 Regulatory Cluster

    9.2 Commercial Cluster

    9.3 Overall Observations

    10. Findings, Observations and Conclusions

    10.1 Maturing of Formal Methods

    10.2 Scale of Application

    10.3 Primary Uses of Formal Methods

    10.4 System Certification

    10.5 Tool Support

    10.6 Technology Transfer

    10.7 Formal Methods Skills are Building

    10.8 Code Level Application of Formal Methods

    10.9 Inadequate Cost Models

    11. References

    Volume 2 Case Studies

    1. Structured Systems Analysis and Design Method Toolset

    1.1 Case Description

    1.2 Interview Summary

    1.3 Evaluation

    1.4 Conclusions

    2. IBM's Customer Information Control System

    2.1 Case Description

    2.2 Questionnaire 1

    2.3 Interview Summary

    2.4 Evaluation

    2.5 Conclusions

    3. Cleanroom Software Methodology

    3.1 Case Description

    3.2 Interview Summary: IBM

    3.3 Interview Summary: NASA Goddard Center

    3.4 Evaluation

    3.5 Conclusions

    4. Darlington: Trip Computer Software

    4.1 Case Description

    4.2 Interview Summary

    4.3 Evaluation

    4.4 Conclusions

    5. LaCoS Esprit Project

    5.1 Case Description

    5.2 Questionnaire 1

    5.3 Interview Summary

    5.4 Evaluation

    5.5 Conclusions

    6. Multinet Gateway

    6.1 Case Description

    6.2 Interview Summary

    6.3 Evaluation

    6.4 Conclusions

    7. SACEM—A Railway Signalling System

    7.1 Case Description

    7.2 Questionnaire 1

    7.3 KVS

    7.4 CTDC Calcutta

    7.5 Interview Summary

    7.6 Evaluation

    7.7 Conclusions

    8. NIST Token-Based Access Control System (TBACS)

    8.1 Case Description

    8.2 Questionnaire 1

    8.3 Interview Summary

    8.4 Evaluation

    8.5 Conclusions

    9. Teltronix—Use of Z Method on Oscilloscopes

    9.1 Case Description

    9.2 Questionnaire 1

    9.3 Interview Summary

    9.4 Evaluation

    9.5 Conclusions

    10. Traffic Alert and Collision Avoidance System (TCAS)

    10.1 Case Description

    10.2 Interview Summary

    10.3 Evaluation

    10.4 Conclusions

    11. INMOS Transputer—Use of Formal Methods in Hardware Verification

    11.1 Case Description

    11.2 Interview Summary

    11.3 Evaluation

    11.4 Conclusions

    12. Hewlett-Packard Medical Instruments Analytical Information Base (AIB) Component Monitoring System

    12.1 Case Description

    12.2 Interview Summary

    12.3 Evaluation

    Appendix A: Biographies of Authors

    Appendix B: Formal Methods Techniques

    B.1 Software Cost Reduction (SCR)

    B.2 B

    B.3 Cleanroom

    B.4 Formal Development Methodology (FDM)

    B.5 Gypsy Verification Environment

    B.6 Hoare Logic

    B.7 Hewlett-Packard Specification Language (HP-SL)

    B.8 OCCAM/Communicating Sequential Processes (CSP)

    B.9 RAISE

    B.10 TCAS Methodology

    B.11 Z

    Appendix C: Initial Questionnaire

    Appendix D: Questionnaire for Structured Interview

    Appendix E: Review Committee

    Appendix F: Acknowledgments

Product details

  • No. of pages: 318
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © William Andrew 1995
  • Published: January 1, 1995
  • Imprint: William Andrew
  • eBook ISBN: 9781437728170

About the Authors

Dan Craigen

Susan Gerhart

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