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Individual Differences in Language Ability and Language Behavior is a collection of papers that discusses differences at the center of the study of language, specifically, on the various dimensions of linguistic ability and behavior along which individuals can differ from each other. Papers also review the development of techniques that measure these dimensions in relation to biological, psychological, and cultural parameters. Some papers review individual differences in language study in terms of different perspectives: that of a psychometrician's, of an individualistic's vantage point, and of a psycholinguistic's. Other papers discuss how each individual accesses, uses, and judges his language through fluency, biases, spatial principles, or a linguistic-phonetic mode. Several papers examine individual differences in language acquisition, such as "profile analysis," strategies in acquisition of sounds, second language learning, and duplication of adult language system. A group of papers addresses the biological aspects of language variation. These biological aspects include selective disorders of syntax (agrammatism), selective disorders of lexical retrieval (anomia), and cerebral lateralization effects in language processing. Certain papers explain individual differences in languages using sociolinguistic analysis. The collection is well suited for linguists, ethnologists, psychologists, and researchers whose works involve linguistics, learning, communications, and syntax.
List of Contributors
I The Treatment of Individual Differences
1 Psychometric Approaches to the Study of Language Abilities
The Place of Psychometrics in Psychology
Factor-Analytic Studies of Language Abilities
The Possible Relevance of Language Ability Studies for Linguistic, Psycholinguistic, and Sociolinguistic Research
Studies of Specific Language Abilities Involved in Foreign Language
2 Sapir, Competence, Voices
3 The Treatment of Individual Differences in Psycholinguistic Research
II Language Use and Language Judgments
4 Verbal Fluency and the Language-Bound Effect
Results and Discussion
5 On Fluency
1. The Generativist Position
2. Language Variability
3. Two Senses of "Competence"
4. The Competence-Performance Distinction
5. Dimensions of Fluency
6. Sources of Fluency Differences
7. Research Possibilities
6 Language Use and Language Judgment
1. Population Differences in Metalinguistic Performance, in the Presence of Relatively Invariant Linguistic Performance
2. Are the Metalinguistic Functions Related to Language Use and Learning?
3. Summary and Conclusions
7 Where's English?
2. The Experiment
3. The Results
4. Downshot and Upshot
8 Profile Analysis of Language Disability
Profiles and Language Disability
Profile 1: Hugh
Profile 2: Peter
Profile 3, 4, and 5: Difficulties with Complex Sentences
9 Phonology as an Individual Access System: Some Data from Language Acquisition
1. Individual Differences in Phonology
2. Individual Differences in Child Phonologies
3. Toward a Model of Phonology
10 Individual Differences in Second Language Acquisition
Cognitive and Social Strategies in Second Language Learning
Sources of Individual Differences in Second Language Learning
11 Individual Variation in Some Phonetic Aspects of Language Acquisition
Aspects of Perception
12 Individual Variations in the Perception of Dichotic Chords
13 Effect of Aphasia on the Retrieval of Lexicon and Syntax
14 How Shall a Thingummy Be Called?
15 On the Evolution of Neurolinguistic Variability: Fossil Brains Speak
Materials and Methods
Summary and Conclusions
16 Strategies of Linguistic Processing in Human Split-Brain Patients
Lateralization and Language
Language Limitations of the Right Hemisphere
What Is Meant by Language?
The Cognitive Dispositions of the Right Hemisphere
A Missing Process in the Right Hemisphere
V Sociocultural Aspects
17 Individual and Social Differences in Language Use
Example 1: Regent St.
Example 2: Yogurt Dressing
Example 3: Party
Example 4: Who's the Artist?
Example 5: How's the Family?
Example 6: The Fingers of the Hand
Example 7: A Gig
Example 8: I Don't Wanna Read
Example 9: I Don't Know
Example 10: A Bridge
18 Locating the Frontier between Social and Psychological Factors in Linguistic Variation
A Deviant Individual: Nathan B.
Individual Variation in Repetition Tests
Individual Variation in the Acquisition of the Philadelphia Dialect
- No. of pages:
- © Academic Press 1979
- 1st January 1979
- Academic Press
- eBook ISBN:
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