Identification of Pathological Conditions in Human Skeletal Remains

2nd Edition

Authors: Donald Ortner
Hardcover ISBN: 9780125286282
eBook ISBN: 9780080525631
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 23rd December 2002
Page Count: 645
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Identification of Pathological Conditions in Human Skeletal Remains provides an integrated and comprehensive treatment of pathological conditions that affect the human skeleton. There is much that ancient skeletal remains can reveal to the modern orthopaedist, pathologist, forensic anthropologist, and radiologist about the skeletal manifestations of diseases that are rarely encountered in modern medical practice. Beautifully illustrated with over 1,100 photographs and drawings, this book provides essential text and materials on bone pathology, which will improve the diagnostic ability of those interested in human dry bone pathology. It also provides time depth to our understanding of the effect of disease on past human populations.

Key Features

Key Features *Comprehensive review of skeletal diseases encountered in archeological human remains

  • More than 1100 photographs and line drawings illustrating skeletal disease including both microscopic and gross features
  • Based on extensive research on skeletal paleopathology in many countries for over 35 years
  • Review of important theoretical issues in interpreting evidence of skeletal disease in archeological human populations


Bioanthropologists, paleopathologists, physical anthropologists, and any professional or researcher working in anthropology and archeology.

Table of Contents

  1. Introduction History of the First Edition History of the Second Edition Objectives of the Second Edition Format of the Book Acknowledgments for the First Edition Acknowledgments for the Second Edition Abbreviations A Brief History of Paleopathology Research in Paleopathology at the Smithsonian Institution
  2. The Biology of Skeletal Tissues Cellular Biology of Bone and Cartilage Bone Cells Cartilage Cells Types of Cartilage Growth and Development of Bone Modeling of Skeletal Tissue Types of Bone Tissue Remodeling of Skeletal Tissue Microscopic Bone Remodeling Activation Resorption Reversal Formation Quiescence Osteon Remodeling Bone Biochemistry and Mineral Homeostasis Growth and Development of the Spine Growth and Development of Teeth Vascular Conditions That Affect Bone Formation and Destruction
  3. Background Data in Paleopathology Data Basic to Paleopathological Analysis Age Determination Ethnic Determination Sex Determination Stature Determination Demographic Analysis Archeological Excavation and Documentation
  4. Methods Used in the Analysis of Skeletal Lesions Gross Study of Skeletal Lesions Distribution of Lesions within the Skeleton Types of Bone Abnormalities Types of Abnormalities Associated with Joints Radiological Study of Skeletal Lesions Microscopic Study of Skeletal Lesions
  5. Recent Advances in Bone, Dentin, and Enamel Biochemistry Introduction Mineralized Tissue Cell Biology The Mineral of Bone, Dentin, and Enamel Paleopathological Considerations The Collagens of Bones and Teeth Paleopathological Considerations The Noncollagenous Proteins of Bones and Teeth Paleopathological Considerations Growth, Turno


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© Academic Press 2003
Academic Press
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About the Author

Donald Ortner

Affiliations and Expertise

Department of Anthropology; National Museum of Natural History; Smithsonian Institution


"This book provides a detailed and integrated description of the paleopathology of the human skeleton...I strongly recommend this book also for basic scientists and clinicians interested in bone diseases since the study of skeletal paleopathology undoubtedly will broaden our understanding of bone biology." -Peter Peitschmann for WIENER MEDIZINISCHE WOCHENSCHRIFT "This is a comprehensive book that is rare in its field. Highly recommended." -E-STREAMS (November 2003)