In this important reference work, Zeliger catalogs the known effects of chemical mixtures

on the human body and also proposes a framework for understanding and predicting their

actions in terms of lipophile (fat soluble) / hydrophile (water soluble) interactions. The

author’s focus is on illnesses that ensue following exposures to mixtures of chemicals

that cannot be attributed to any one component of the mixture.

In the first part the mechanisms of chemical absorption at a molecular and

macromolecular level are explained, as well as the body’s methods of defending itself

against xenobiotic intrusion. Part II examines the sources of the chemicals discusssed,

looking at air and water pollution, food additives, pharmaceuticals, etc. Part III, which

includes numerous case studies, examines specific effects of particular mixtures on

particular body systems and organs and presents a theoretical framework for predicting

what the effects of uncharacterized mixtures might be. Part IV covers regulatory

requirements and the need to adjust recommended exposure levels for products

containing mixtures. It also contains recommendations on how to limit exposure to

mixtures in the products we use and on how to limit release of mixtures into the


Providing brief summaries of each mixture and its effects, Zeliger provides a

comprehensive reference, a jumping off point for professionals (with extensive chapter

bibliographies) and an introduction to the topic for those studying traditional toxicology.

Addressing many inadequately understood illnesses and conditions such as asthma,

infertility and cancer, it will also be of interest to health professionals, environmental

scientists and lawyers.

Key Features

Presents a theoretical framework for predicting the effects of chemical mixtures

for which no specific data exists (this predictive aspect is important due to the

vast number of different potential chemical combinations – far too many to

comprehensively catalog).

A quick and convenient source of hard to come by data on the rapidly developing

field of chemical mixtures, for groups including chemists and engineers,

toxicologists, health professionals and environmental scientists.

New and updated material comprises over 30% of this timely new edition, which

includes the latest research data alongside an expanded introduction to the science

and art of predicting the toxicological properties of chemical mixtures.


Primary audience:

Industrial Health and Safety personnel

Chemists and Chemical Engineers working in sectors such as the chemical

industry, personal care and cosmetics, pharmaceuticals, etc.

Environmental Scientists and Engineers

Toxic Waste Managers


Health Professionals

Secondary audience (professional): Food manufacturers, laboratory workers,

environmental and OSHA training personnel, industrial risk assessors, forensic

investigators and attorneys involved in toxic torts litigation, disease prevention advocacy

groups, students and researchers.

Table of Contents


1) Introduction to Chemical Toxicology of Mixtures

2) Health Effects of Exposures to Chemical Mixtures

3) Absorption of Chemical Mixtures

4) Chemical Toxicology

PART II Exposures to Chemical Mixtures

5) Scope and sources of toxic exposures

6) In Utero Exposure

7) Air Pollution

8) Water Pollution

9) Soil Pollution

10) Food

11) Chemicals In and Around The Home

12) Sick Building Syndrome

13) Industrial Exposure

14) Pesticides

15) Alcohol and Tobacco: Recreational Toxins

16) Electromagnetic Radiation and Toxic Exposure

PART III Mixture Effects on Body Systems

17) Respiratory System

18) Nervous System

19) Developmental Neurotoxicology

20) Autism: Effect of Maternal Exposure to Neurotoxic Chemcials

21) Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

22) Endocrine System

23) Toxic Infertility

24) Teratogens

25) Immune System

26) Chemical Sensitivity: Multiple Chemical Sensitivity (MCS)

27) Skin

28) Musculoskeletal System

29) Cardiovascular System

30) Liver

31) Kidneys

32) Cancer

33) Childhood Cancer

34) Cancer Clusters

PART IV Regulatory Requirements

35) Regulatory Requirements

36) Conclusions and Recommendations


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© 2011
William Andrew
Print ISBN:
Electronic ISBN: