Human Memory

Human Memory

A Constructivist View

1st Edition - December 21, 2013

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  • Authors: Mary Howes, Geoffrey O'Shea
  • eBook ISBN: 9780124081062
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780124080874

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Description

While memory research has recently focused on brain images and neurological underpinnings of transmitters, Human Memory: A Constructivist View assesses how our individual identity affects what we remember, why and how. This book brings memory back to the constructivist questions of how all the experiences of an individual, up to the point of new memory input, help to determine what that person pays attention to, how that information is interpreted, and how all that ultimately affects what goes into memory and how it is stored. This also affects what can be recalled later and what kind of memory distortions are likely to occur. The authors describe constructionist theories of memory, what they predict, how this is borne out in research findings, presenting everyday life examples for better understanding of the material and interest. Intended for memory researchers and graduate level courses, this book is an excellent summary of human memory research from the constructivist perspective.

Key Features

  • Defines constructivist theory in memory research
  • Assesses research findings relative to constructivist predictions
  • Identifies how personal experience dictates attention, interpretation, and storage
  • Integrates constructivist based findings with cognitive neuroscience

Readership

Researchers in memory, professors teaching a graduate course in memory

Table of Contents

  • Dedications

    Preface

    Acknowledgment

    Introduction

    Chapter 1. Links and Cues

    Abstract

    Movement in Memory: The Operation of Links

    Cues

    Models of Memory Retrieval

    References

    Chapter 2. Spreading Activation

    Abstract

    Memory and Context

    Memory Retrieval and Specification Cues

    Empiricist Versus Constructivist Views of Memory

    Conclusions

    References

    Chapter 3. Processing Structures

    Abstract

    Rationale for Processing Structures

    Processing Structures for Serial Recall

    Theories of Serial Recall

    Position Coding Functions in Serial Recall

    Conclusions

    References

    Chapter 4. Constructivism

    Abstract

    Origins of Constructivism

    From Empiricism to Constructivism: Examining The Early Path of Memory Research

    Long-Term Memory Codes

    Episodic Recall and Memory Reconstruction: Separating The True Experience from Distortion

    The Nature of Higher-Order Schemas

    Conclusions

    References

    Chapter 5. A Personal Memory

    Abstract

    A Critical Analysis of a Distant Personal Memory

    The Nature of Autobiographical Memory

    Memory of the Moroccan Trip: A Summary Based on Theory

    Some Factors Influencing Memory Retrieval

    References

    Chapter 6. Piaget’s Model

    Abstract

    The Genevan View of Human Memory

    Visual Codes in Memory: Figural Elements and Perceptual Schemas

    Genevan and Mainstream Views of Episodic and Semantic Memory

    Conscious Processes and Memory Content: A Genevan View

    Context and Coding in Long-Term Memory

    Conclusions

    References

    Chapter 7. Altered Memories

    Abstract

    Alterations in Episodic Memory: the Misinformation Effect

    Models of Episodic Memory Content

    Variables that Influence the Selection of One Candidate for Retrieval Over Another

    Conclusions

    References

    Chapter 8. Dissociative Memory, Variables that Influence Reconstruction, and Propositional Coding

    Abstract

    The Dissociable Nature of Memory

    Retrievability of Memory Content: The Role of Inference

    Three Points Concerning Human Recall

    Propositional Coding

    References

    Chapter 9. Memory and Emotion

    Abstract

    The Effect of Emotion on Recall

    Emotion and Memory in Everyday Life

    The Physiological Basis of Memories Characterized By Emotion

    Conclusions

    References

    Chapter 10. Memory and Schemas

    Abstract

    The role of schemas in long-term memory: a Genevan view

    Concept schemas in word recall and episodic memory

    Theoretical models of schemas

    Perceptual and motor schemas in memory

    Conclusions

    References

    Appendix A. Types of Links in Memory

    Identity Links

    Similarity Links

    Contiguity Links

    Order Links

    Temporal Links

    Causal Links

    Subset/Superset Links

    Part/whole Links

    Appendix B. Interference and Forgetting

    Negative Transfer

    Proactive Interference

    Retroactive Interference

    Interference Theory

    References

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 288
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 2014
  • Published: December 21, 2013
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780124081062
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780124080874

About the Authors

Mary Howes

Affiliations and Expertise

State University of New York, College at Oneonta, USA

Geoffrey O'Shea

Affiliations and Expertise

State University of New York, College at Oneonta, USA

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