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Human Memory - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780121210502, 9781483264905

Human Memory

1st Edition

Basic Processes

Editor: Gordon Bower
eBook ISBN: 9781483264905
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 28th January 1977
Page Count: 560
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Human Memory: Basic Processes provides information pertinent to the fundamental aspects of human memory. This book provides a general theoretical framework for human memory, information processing, and retrieval. Organized into seven chapters, this book begins with an overview of the permanent features of memory. This text then outlines several experimental findings that support a multiple-store model of memory, with emphasis on the free recall with extension made to other recall tasks. Other chapters describe the results of a number of experiments designed to test specific models that can be obtained from the overall theory. This book discusses as well the permanent, structural features of the memory system. The final chapter deals with the representation of the memory trace of an event in terms that are compatible with the multicomponent theory. This book is a valuable resource for advanced students in experimental psychology. Psychological researchers will also find this book useful.

Table of Contents

List of Contributors


1. Commentary on "Human Memory: A Proposed System and Its Control Processes"

Human Memory: A Proposed System and its Control Processes

I. Introduction

II. Structural Features of the Memory System

III. Control Processes in Memory

IV. Experiments Concerned with Short-Term Processes

V. Experiments Concerned with Long-Term Search and Retrieval

VI. Concluding Remarks


2. Commentary on "Storage Mechanisms in Recall"

Further Work from Our Laboratory

Work by Other Investigators

Criticism of Multiple-Store Models and Proposed Alternatives


Storage Mechanisms in Recall

I. Introduction

II. Interactions with the Serial Position Curve

III. Estimation of STS

IV. Details of the Storage Process

V. Mnemonically Related Words

VI. Repeated Words

VII. Relation of Free Recall and the Model to Other Memory Tasks

VIII. Fixed-Order Recall

IX. Evaluation of Other Findings

X. General Characteristics of STS

XI. Relation of STS to Language Processing

XII. Closing Statement


3. Commentary on "Working Memory"


Extension to Other Problems

Applications of the Working Memory Concept


Working Memory

I. Introduction

II. The Search for a Common Working Memory System

III. A Proposed Working Memory System

IV. The Nature of the Recency Effect

V. Concluding Remarks


4. Commentary on "Reaction Time Measurements in the Study of Memory Processes: Theory and Data"

Reaction Time Measurements in the Study of Memory Processes: Theory and Data

I. Introduction

II. Self-Terminating Memory Scanning Model

III. Experimental Tests of the Model

IV. Summary and Conclusions


5. Commentary on "Organization and Memory"

The Major Findings Are Consolidated and Extended

Some Critics Are Confounded

We Are Surprised and Find Retrieval Processes in Recognition

Looking Backwards and Ahead


Organization and Memory

I. The Concept of Organization

II. The Limits of Memory and the Unitization Hypothesis

III. Clustering: The Organization of Recall

IV. Subjective Organization

V. Free and Constrained Conceptualization

VI. The Category-Recall Function

VII. The Organization of Memory


6. Commentary on "Elaborative Strategies in Verbal Learning and Memory"

Elaborative Strategies in Verbal Learning and Memory

I. Introduction

II. General Orientation—A Memory Model

III. Ss' Control of the Transfer of Information into LTS

IV. Summary and Conclusions


7. Commentary on "The Multicomponent Theory of the Memory Trace"

A Multicomponent Theory of the Memory Trace

I. Introduction

II. Forgetting of Component Information

III. New Experiments on Recall

IV. Recognition Memory

V. Related Aspects of Recall Performance

VI. Repetition and Redundancy in Trace Formation

VII. Perceptual Recognition of Degraded Stimuli

VIII. Commentary




No. of pages:
© Academic Press 1977
28th January 1977
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:

About the Editor

Gordon Bower

Affiliations and Expertise

Stanford University, Stanford, California, U.S.A.

Ratings and Reviews