Human Judgment and Decision Processes in Applied Settings - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780123972408, 9781483261102

Human Judgment and Decision Processes in Applied Settings

1st Edition

Editors: Martin F. Kaplan Steven Schwartz
eBook ISBN: 9781483261102
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st January 1977
Page Count: 300
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Description

Human Judgment and Decision Processes in Applied Settings is the second to two volumes that attempt to define the areas of progress in the understanding of human decision making processes. The first volume, Human Judgment and Decision Processes (Academic Press, 1975) was concerned with formal and mathematical approaches to the problems of judgment and decision making. The major theoretical orientations (information integration theory, signal detection theory, portfolio theory, and multiattribute-utility measurement) were presented and their rationales discussed.
The present volume is concerned with the application of these theories, and the various techniques derived from them, to the problems of decision making in the everyday world. The chapters reflect the many modifications and adjustments that must be made to mathematical rules in order to apply decision theory models in the real world.
The tools described serve a broad variety of interests: those of the urban health or social planner, the organizational manager, the researcher, the educator, and, in fact, all of those who must weight evidence to reach decisions. Planner, manager, researcher, teacher, policymaker—all will find assistance in overcoming the commonly encountered roadblocks when one must choose between alternatives in what remains an uncertain world.

Table of Contents

Contributors Preface Acknowledgments Introduction

  1. Social Judgment Theory: Applications in Policy Formation A Description of Social Judgment Theory The Application of Social Judgment Theory Social Value Judgments The Separation and Integration of Values and Facts Social Policy Consultant: A New Role for Psychologists References
  2. Judgment by Juries The Judgment Model Trial Evidence Defendant Characteristics Juror Dispositions Effects of Jury Deliberation Conclusions References
  3. Information Integration in Transportation Decisions Methodological Approaches Empirical Studies Implications for Model Development Implications for Transportation Researchers Future Research Needs References
  4. Case-by-Case versus Rule-Generated Procedures for the Allocation of Scarce Resources Introduction Rule-Generated and Case-Generated Procedures Examples of Rule-Generated Procedures Apologia References
  5. Predicting Performance in Graduate School Selectors Criteria Criterion Analysis Methods of Selection What Are the Data? Where Do We Go from Here? References
  6. Decisions Based on Fallible Clinical Judgment Introduction Determining rxy Effects on Decisions and Outcomes Discussion Conclusion References
  7. Behavioral Decision Theory and the Health Delivery System Health System Decision Making Behavioral Decision Theory Applications of Behavioral Decision Theory to the Health Field Critical Problems and Areas for Further Research References
  8. Combination of Evidence in Perceptual Judgment Introduction: The Applied Setting The Paradigm: Combination of Evidence in Perceptual Judgment Experiments on Computer-Aided Recognition of Complex Sounds A Decision-Theoretic Approach Experiments on Computer

Details

No. of pages:
300
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1977
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9781483261102

About the Editor

Martin F. Kaplan

Steven Schwartz

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