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Human Judgment and Decision Processes in Applied Settings is the second to two volumes that attempt to define the areas of progress in the understanding of human decision making processes. The first volume, Human Judgment and Decision Processes (Academic Press, 1975) was concerned with formal and mathematical approaches to the problems of judgment and decision making. The major theoretical orientations (information integration theory, signal detection theory, portfolio theory, and multiattribute-utility measurement) were presented and their rationales discussed. The present volume is concerned with the application of these theories, and the various techniques derived from them, to the problems of decision making in the everyday world. The chapters reflect the many modifications and adjustments that must be made to mathematical rules in order to apply decision theory models in the real world. The tools described serve a broad variety of interests: those of the urban health or social planner, the organizational manager, the researcher, the educator, and, in fact, all of those who must weight evidence to reach decisions. Planner, manager, researcher, teacher, policymaker—all will find assistance in overcoming the commonly encountered roadblocks when one must choose between alternatives in what remains an uncertain world.
1. Social Judgment Theory: Applications in Policy Formation
A Description of Social Judgment Theory
The Application of Social Judgment Theory
Social Value Judgments
The Separation and Integration of Values and Facts
Social Policy Consultant: A New Role for Psychologists
2. Judgment by Juries
The Judgment Model
Effects of Jury Deliberation
3. Information Integration in Transportation Decisions
Implications for Model Development
Implications for Transportation Researchers
Future Research Needs
4. Case-by-Case versus Rule-Generated Procedures for the Allocation of Scarce Resources
Rule-Generated and Case-Generated Procedures
Examples of Rule-Generated Procedures
5. Predicting Performance in Graduate School
Methods of Selection
What Are the Data?
Where Do We Go from Here?
6. Decisions Based on Fallible Clinical Judgment
Effects on Decisions and Outcomes
7. Behavioral Decision Theory and the Health Delivery System
Health System Decision Making
Behavioral Decision Theory
Applications of Behavioral Decision Theory to the Health Field
Critical Problems and Areas for Further Research
8. Combination of Evidence in Perceptual Judgment
Introduction: The Applied Setting
The Paradigm: Combination of Evidence in Perceptual Judgment
Experiments on Computer-Aided Recognition of Complex Sounds
A Decision-Theoretic Approach
Experiments on Computer-Aided Auditory Signal Detection
Experiments on Computer-Aided Visual Search and Detection
Independence: A Theoretical and Practical Issue
9. Expectancy Theory, Decision Theory, and Occupational Preference and Choice
Empirical Evidence for the Theories
Implications for Practice
10. Business Decision Making: Marketing Implementations
Marketing Decisions and Models
Decision Models and Marketing Realities
A Decision-Theoretic Band-Aid for Research and Training
11. Judgment and Swine: Approaches and Issues in Applied Judgment Analysis
Why Livestock Judgment?
Background on Livestock Judges
Similarities and Differences among Judgment Approaches
Judgment Approaches: The Three Basic Questions
What Does the Future Hold?
- No. of pages:
- © Academic Press 1977
- 1st January 1977
- Academic Press
- eBook ISBN:
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